Earlier this month, my wife and two young sons — 12 and 9 years old — returned from a mind-blowing Indian travel experience. It was the best family vacation we have had. For your next midyear holiday, why don’t you take your money and make a family investment. Imagine a real adventure. Then look at your children and imagine how that adventure would change their lives and bring your whole family together — and off the iPads, iPhones, Androids and the internet.
If all of this appeals to you then you are probably one of the few but growing people who are looking for more exciting vacation destinations that get you out of your comfort zone.
India, for those of you who’ve never tried it, is an extremely inexpensive way of combining culturally rich experiences with an acute culinary delight, mind-blowing destinations and accommodations and a light dusting of fear you get in your stomach when you are outside of your comfort zone. Plus there’s a better than even chance that at least one member of your family will come home changed.
The first thing you must understand is the best experience will happen only if you have an incredible travel agent. I asked several of my Indian friends and did a lot of homework. In the end we put our trust in the hands of small and very creative domestic Indian travel agency called Broken Compass, a firm run by a wonderful and inspired authority named Manjari. She designed our trip to ensure that we got off the beaten track while staying snug and invigorated.
These holidays are called winter “breaks” because at some point you will find yourself in the middle of winter transported then transformed. The transportation was care of Air India, which we flew from New York direct to Mumbai. It was a delightful experience and passed rather quickly. Upon arrival in Mumbai, we set out to follow the advice of Anand Giridharadas, in his New York Times article 36 Hours in Mumbai .
My first couple of days had me in business meetings in Mumbai. I also had an interview on national Indian television about my best selling book “Uprising” with Anant Rangaswami, the host of a CNBC show. After a lovely evening, it was the start of our adventure.
Early the next day we met the man who would drive us around the city of 18 million people. Satish is a recent arrival to the city having moved to Mumbai from Goa. But he knew the city well, and all the important back allies to escape the cities crushing traffic jams. Our first stop, the next day, was at the incredible Dhobi Ghat — recommended by our friend Lisa Bodell. This is the massive public laundry where over 10,000 people work every day doing the city’s laundry. Our driver Satish drove us through the crowds, through the goats, through everything to the inner center of this public works where people mill around a twirling spectrum of color drying in the wind and the Maharashtra sun. Upon arrival, we were all set and jumped out of our car cameras in hand, except for our younger son Ellis who was a little overwhelmed with the scene, even though Dad told him it was a lot of fun and worth seeing. It took, however, the calming voice and grey haired Satish with the smile and big billowing moustache and a warm hand to help him out into the melee. And of course once inside of it, he was hooked and gobsmacked.
The next adventure was a visit to Bombay Electric, a small but super eclectic store behind the famous Taj Mahal Hotel on three terraced levels that embodies the new Indian cool. If you order Jodhpur riding pants (7,500 rupees), they will be stitched by the Maharajah of Jaipur’s tailor, according to the store. My sons opted for multicolored rubber bracelets, which have become the talk of their classmates. And opposite this is the Causeway Market where you can buy every imaginable brass item from clocks to compasses to sextants. Of course you might think it is possible to avoid the heat and the throngs of people going very slowly along the sidewalk packed with sellers.
When the sun becomes too overpowering you let go, and suddenly you are at the Leopold Café, named after the Belgium King. This is the place where we enjoyed a few midday Kingfishers and lunch. This is also the location that was the first place hit by the terrorists during the attacks on Mumbai in 2008. So it is both a memorial as well as a fully functioning restaurant in the middle of all the hustle and bustle. The restaurant boasts a lovely menu and about 100 bullet holes, which continues to attract patrons wishing to pay their respects and dine on its delicious food.
After an afternoon tea at the Taj, our next stop was a dinner at the delicious Indigo Café in Colaba district with Sheetal Metha the head of Nanhi Kali, the organization that educates girl children in India. This was especially inspiring for my young sons who read the book “I Am Malala,” and have developed a keen interest in this cause. They’ve been keen sponsors of the education of girl children ever since they came across the website www.the-girl-store.org . After a few days exploring Mumbai cuisine and curries, Indigo was the perfect culinary break for the kids to enjoy ribs and fries. And they were some memorable fries. Indigo is famous for their fries which I dare say are among the best French fries in the world.
Fed and rested we were ready for something big. The next day came the game changer. We had scheduled something that we thought we all needed to see. Something that had us all a little intimidated but also intrigued. At sunrise, we toured the world’s biggest slum, called Dharavi (Hindi and Marathi: धारावी; also spelled Daravi, Darravy, Dorrovy). It is situated in the middle of Mumbai. They say that 1 million people live and work there. Not knowing what to expect beforehand, the tour was, after the fact, mind blowing to say the least. We had all watched the motion picture Slum Dog Millionaire before we left. This was the place it was filmed. Once there, walking through the tiny narrow passageways that connect this massive city, felt more like walking through a European city during the middle ages, except the people were incredibly friendly and impressively busy. They say that 85 percent of the population are either working full time jobs in the slum or going to school. Or both. The industry focuses on recycling (yes they recycle plastic bottles from the USA so your kids can see first hand what happens after they out the little blue recycling boxes); they make cardboard (mostly out of elephant dung), they have a wonderful section of this city that makes pottery, and then they make leather goods. The overall impression of Dharavi changed all of us, and made us more humble and thankful for the opportunity to meet people who are happy in their lives and entrepreneurial, driving their own businesses and putting their children through school. A large number of the inhabitants are migrant workers but many are also second and third generation residents.
The next day we visit Mahatma Gandhi’s house called Mani Bhavan. My sons were deeply affected by the exhibit, as were my wife and I. The house itself feels as though the great one is still living there. It feels like a home, and you can see where Gandhi sat spinning cotton overlooking the balcony to the street. As Gandhi said: “Truth alone will endure, all the rest will swept always in the tide of Time.” One memorable part of the exhibit was a hand written letter from Gandhi to Adolf Hitler in 1939 pleading with him to stop Nazi aggression and stop WWII from happening.
That brought us to the end of our days in Mumbai. Before the trip back in New York, Anand had suggested to Karin and I that we focus the rest of our trip around Kerala. He said it offered the lush green tropics of south India, but also many of the attractions that you would find across the wider country. Keep in mind that India is like Europe. It’s a huge country and getting from one destination — like Mumbai to Agra (to see the Taj Mahal) requires an airplane ride and then a car for a few hours to reach it. When you’re in India for winter break between December and January, the last thing we wanted to do was spend half our vacation in planes, trains and automobiles. So the suggestion of Kerala was intriguing. After seeing the Life of Pi, which was filed there, we were convinced.
We started our Kerala adventure at Kovalam in the very south of India. We stayed at the delightfully Malayalam Leela hotel. There is nothing quite like sitting on the balcony overlooking the Arabian Sea. The Hotel Leela, (a few kilometers away from Trivandrum, the capital city of Kerala) has the Maldives directly in front of the hotel, and just around the corner is Sri Lanka. Of course you can’t see them, but it’s nice to know they’re there. It’s exciting to know that the hotel sits on a cliff. The first stop was a visit to Divya, an authentic Ayurveda Wellness Spa located within the hotel. Ayurvedic massage is unique to the area and a traditional Kerala massage. If you like oil you’ll enjoy this experience. We had access to a beach that was frequented by virtually no foreigners, and where the local families engaged us for photo sessions continuously down the beach. If you’ve ever wanted to be a movie star, this is the closest you’ll come. We can now brag that our images, mostly our kids, adorn the household frames of many Kovalam families. The Kovalam sun is hot and our oldest son was in and out of the pool so much that his sun block wore off and ended up with a heat rash. This kept him in bed for a couple of days.
From here we drove to Alleppey, an enormous region in the center of Kerala filled with fresh water and rice fields, which feed a large portion of the Indian population. The area with enormous natural lakes and man made channels, fed by 38 rivers, and extending virtually half the length of Kerala state. These Backwaters (as they’re called) are a network of interconnected canals, rivers, lakes and inlets, a labyrinthine system formed by more than 900 km of waterways. We hired our own air-conditioned houseboat that had the most outstanding and energetic chef I’ve ever met. He cooked up a creative storm from the very first moment we came aboard his vessel, and enjoyed his delicious seafood late into the evening. The sunset was life-giving and my little son marveled at the different hues of the great fireball as is slowly dipped into the water silhouetting geckos, frogs, mudskippers, kingfishers, darters and cormorants, and animals such as otters and turtles that live in and alongside the backwaters. We tied up along one canal for the evening and awoke to another thunderstorm of food and sunshine. Rumor had it that this part of the trip would bring us face to face with the dreaded Kerala mosquito. But fortunately for all of us we never met any and we slept like babies. There are many websites that recommend different advice about malaria and solutions for India. We went with the British National Health Service website which features a global map of hot malaria zones and based on this site which said that south India has virtually no malaria, especially in the December-January season, we decided to not take the very powerful anti malaria pills. BTW the last time we took malaria pills for a trip to Thailand my wife’s hair came out in clumps, so we wanted to make sure we did our homework and made thoughtful decisions based on all the recent reading out there. This may not be right for everyone, and you should consult your own physician to determine what is right for you and your family.
Next up was a magnificent little gem called Coconut Lagoon, which is only reachable, by boat. Coconut Lagoon is located in the Kerala district of Kuttanad, or the land of the short people. The local folklore has it that this name came about because the folks here are always knee deep in paddy fields. There are so many facets to the Coconut Lagoon experience. The heritage of the old feudal villages of Malabar. The vast frolic of the Vembanad Lake. The shimmering waters of the canals that crisscross the property. The flavor bursts of Kerala home-style cooking. But for me it was the old British hut we lived in which was dressed in a modern rendition of the British Raj, all teak and porcelain. The room made me feel like Rudyard Kipling, and in all my excitement was able to inspire my sons to read Kim. Imagine that! And this was after inspiring my son Jacoby to read, “I am Malala.” But the real attraction to this eco resort is the yoga, which was relaxing to say the least. In fact that was the word that dominated my yoga experience. Instead of ‘OM” the key word from the yoga leader every few minutes was ‘relax’ and that I did most comfortably.
From here, we headed north to Periyar Tiger Reserve in Thekkady, where we went for a daylong trek among the mountains and saw monkeys, mongooses, elephants but unfortunately no traces of tigers. It turns out that sadly, south India has only 40 tigers left alive in this reserve. In January, it was estimated by the BBC that there are less than 1,700 tigers left in the wild in India. We stayed in a hilltop hotel called the Shalimar Spice Garden, which was the perfect place to be if you want to get closer to nature — and coincidentally French people. It turns out that the hotel was featured in a famous French magazine. So apart from the Indians who managed the accommodations and my family (who are Canadian-Swedish), everyone else was from France. Which made for an interesting yoga session where our yogi’s rather strong local accent had to be translated into French by yours truly. Language didn’t matter; as the pace of life was so easy and peaceful that even the birds and the butterflies do not seem to be in a hurry. The lush foliage of the coffee, cardamom and other spices plants surrounding the cottages made me hungry most of the time, and perhaps that’s why my sons really dug into the buffet of curries and chutneys.
From here we left for the largest tea producing area in south India in an incredibly green hilled region called Munnar. It was green like you’ve never imaged it. We ate lunch at the wonderful Club Mahindra Munnar, which is right in the middle of the tea plantations and was getting ready for a huge New Year’s Eve party. We continued on our journey on nerve wrecking winding roads that make the drive between Nice and Monaco seem like a kiddies ride. Once in Munnar, we visited the Munnar Tea Museum and gulped liters of green tea, which, they say, is the healthiest tea to drink that was according to the local tour-guide. New Years was spent in the luscious and coolish Blackberry Hills hotel where people escaped the heat of the valley below. This mountain hotel, literally built into the rocks is dry. So we had a wonderful local cultural dance show for New Years but not a drop of wine or Champagne to be had anywhere. Thankfully we came across a hilarious Norwegian family who had kids about the same age as us. We spent the evening together. Luckily they had stopped to buy fireworks that day and we blew them off at midnight and then fell asleep in our deliciously comfy beds.
Then we were in the home stretch, off to Cochin the largest city in Kerala. This is the city famous for its Chinese fishing nets which function along the city walls along the sea. There is monumental amounts of seafood in this city, and an abundance of fruit and vegetables, which make Cochin a lush and delicious place to visit. The surrounding mountains are also home to the world famous spice plantations of pepper, cinnamon, cardamom, vanilla, pineapple, and much more. So Cochin cuisine is unique and extraordinarily delicious. Our best meal was at the Malabar. In Cochin, there are hundreds of stores selling everything from antiques to modern sculptures — and many different scenes featuring of our favorite Ganesh. In Cochin, we visited the oldest synagogue in the commonwealth. Sailors of merchant fleet of King Solomon laid the first foundation while some of the artifacts date back to 1344. In addition to the Jewish community, Cochin has a wonderful Hindu, Muslim and Christian community — all living like together in the most beautiful harmony — as they have been doing for centuries. If ever there was a place worthy of a visit for anyone living in our modern world it is Cochin. It is inspiration for us all.
The return back to New York was relatively easy, except for an incredibly long process to get through the airport onto the aircraft, which was especially difficult at 1:30 am for our two young kids. But once on the plane, we all fell asleep in each other’s arms, with full tummies and large smiles on our faces.
The result? My youngest son held a presentation for his class about India, and made a special point to mention the face that there were more cats in his hometown then there were living tigers in the wild in Thekkady, India. The following week, he had to write a paper about someone he admired. He wrote about Gandhi. Amazingly he has absorbed all the information on display in the Gandhi. My older son has become an expert on the Hindu gods and goddesses, and on Kerala cultural dance. Not too shabby. Oh, and they both have developed a passion for the spice food.
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It has been suggested that this article be merged with Academic year . ( Discuss ) Proposed since July 2018.
This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards . The specific problem is: The writing style of this article is inconsistent and the grammar and sentence structure is often poor. Please help improve this article if you can. (July 2018) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message )
School holidays (also referred to as vacations, breaks, and recess) are the periods during which schools are closed or no classes are held. The dates and periods of school holidays vary considerably throughout the world, and there is usually some variation even within the same jurisdiction. Governments often legislate on the total number of school days for state schools. The holidays given below apply to primary and secondary education. Teaching sessions (terms or semesters) in tertiary education are usually shorter.
- 1 Terminology
- 1.1 Christmas holiday
- 1.2 Easter
- 1.3 Summer holiday
- 2 Holidays in the world
- 2.1 Africa
- 2.1.1 Nigeria
- 2.1.2 South Africa
- 2.2 Americas
- 2.2.1 Brazil
- 2.2.2 Canada
- 2.2.3 Chile
- 2.2.4 Mexico
- 2.2.5 United States
- 18.104.22.168 Event-based
- 22.214.171.124 Season-based
- 2.3 Asia
- 2.3.1 China
- 2.3.2 Hong Kong
- 2.3.3 India
- 126.96.36.199 South India
- 188.8.131.52 North India
- 184.108.40.206 Most of India
- 2.3.4 Indonesia
- 2.3.5 Japan
- 2.3.6 Korea
- 2.3.7 Malaysia
- 2.3.8 Philippines
- 2.3.9 Singapore
- 2.3.10 Turkey
- 2.4 Europe
- 2.4.1 Austria
- 2.4.2 Belgium
- 2.4.3 Croatia
- 2.4.4 Czech Republic
- 2.4.5 Denmark
- 2.4.6 Estonia
- 2.4.7 France
- 2.4.8 Germany
- 2.4.9 Greece
- 2.4.10 Ireland
- 2.4.11 Italy
- 2.4.12 Latvia
- 2.4.13 Lithuania
- 2.4.14 Macedonia
- 2.4.15 The Netherlands
- 2.4.16 Norway
- 2.4.17 Poland
- 2.4.18 Romania
- 2.4.19 Russian Federation
- 2.4.20 Slovakia
- 2.4.21 Slovenia
- 2.4.22 Sweden
- 2.4.23 United Kingdom
- 220.127.116.11 England and Wales
- 18.104.22.168 Scotland
- 22.214.171.124 Northern Ireland
- 2.5 Australia and New Zealand
- 2.1 Africa
- 3 Common practices and effects
- 4 References
Terminology[ edit ]
Christmas holiday[ edit ]
In predominantly Christian countries, the “Christmas holidays” (or “winter break” or “winter recess” in some countries) include both the Christmas and New Year holidays. They normally last for about 2–3 weeks. However, the Christmas holiday in Europe is shorter, sometimes two weeks or slightly less. In the southern hemisphere, Christmas is in the summer holiday period and the break is much longer (six to eight weeks).
Easter [ edit ]
In countries with a Christian religious tradition, Easter holiday (in the United States it is sometimes known as Spring Break or Spring Vacation) is a school holiday that takes place in the northern spring, with the date varying by country and level of schooling.
Summer holiday[ edit ]
In all countries, the longest break in the school year is during summer, lasting between 5 and 14 weeks. In Ireland, Italy, Lithuania and Russia, summer holidays are normally three months, compared to six to eight weeks in Britain, The Netherlands and Germany.
Holidays in the world[ edit ]
Africa[ edit ]
Nigeria[ edit ]
In Nigeria, the longest holiday is from Mid July to second week of September for Secondary schools and a shorter duration within same period for tertiary institutions. Holidays are basically determined by schools and it starts from June to Early days in September.
South Africa[ edit ]
In South Africa, the main holiday usually lasts from early December to early or mid-January (4 or 6 weeks). There is an autumn break of up to 2-week in late March or early April, a longer winter break in late June and early July, and a spring break in late September or early October. 
Americas[ edit ]
Brazil[ edit ]
In Brazil, summer holidays start in early December and end in late January or early February.  Winter holidays are generally the entire month of July. Some schools in the tropical north follow a different school year.[ citation needed ] The Brazilian Carnival is 40 days before Easter Sunday and those dates are not school holidays. 
Brazilian schools must have at least 200 school days. Some national and Catholic holidays are usually celebrated in 3 or 4 days, like Easter, Corpus Christi and Carnival.
Canada[ edit ]
In Canada, the summer holiday includes the months of July and August, with students returning to school in late August or early September. The winter break lasts for two weeks (sometimes a day or two longer), beginning on Saturday and encompassing Christmas Day and New Year’s Day. The spring break is one to two weeks long depending on the city or province. Good Friday and Easter may or may not fall within spring break. In Ontario, Canada’s largest province, spring break is a four-day-long weekend between Good Friday and Easter Monday. 
Chile[ edit ]
The school year is divided into semesters . The first semester runs from late February or early March to July. Following a two-week or three-week winter break school resumes and lasts until early or mid December, followed by 10–12 weeks of summer vacations .
Mexico[ edit ]
In Mexico, school usually ends in the second week of July and resumes the third week of August depending on what scheduling system a school uses, and whether it is high school or college. Christmas holiday is 2 weeks. Also there is the Easter recess which lasts 2 weeks.
United States[ edit ]
In the United States, there are typically 180 school days in a year  (although school years at colleges and universities are often shorter). Private schools tend to have classes for 170 days each year.
Event-based[ edit ]
- Thanksgiving Holiday or Break – Occurs at the end of November. This holiday usually consists of the week of Thanksgiving – the day before Thanksgiving, Thanksgiving Day, and the day after. Some areas have the Monday and Tuesday of the Thanksgiving week as regular days and take Wednesday as an early dismissal day; with Thanksgiving and the day after off. Other schools take the whole week off and have an early release on the Friday before the break.
- Christmas or Holiday Break – Varies in length per school; usually starts at the third Saturday in December and ends a day or two after New Year’s Day (sometimes the first Monday after the New Year’s Day), unless New Year’s Day falls on a Sunday in which case the first Monday (January 2) is the official holiday and schools may not begin until January 3; the most recent occurrence of this was in the 2016–17 holiday break when January 1, 2017, fell on a Sunday. In the Southern hemisphere, Christmas and the New Year are at the beginning of the long summer holiday.
- Martin Luther King Day Break – Martin Luther King Day is always on the third Monday of January each year. Some students have a full or half-day Friday and have the weekend, Martin Luther King day, and sometimes Tuesday off.
- Easter Break – Usually lasts for one or two weeks in March or April (often starting the day before Palm Sunday ). Also referred to as Spring Break.
- Columbus Day Break – Columbus Day is always the second Monday in October. Many schools take a week off, though some areas only take Columbus Day itself off. In some states, however, Columbus Day is not observed as a school holiday at all.
Season-based[ edit ]
- Autumn or Fall Break – Usually lasts for one week in October (in the week of Columbus Day). See Columbus Day above.
- Winter Break – One week in February (usually at or around President’s Day ) or March (depending on the region).
- Spring Vacation or Break – See Easter Break above.
- Summer Vacation or Break – Lasts for about 12 weeks, starting anywhere from late May to late June, and ending anywhere from late August to the day after Labor Day in early September. This often depends on the region – for example, most schools in the Northeastern United States end in June and start just after Labor Day, while the majority of schools in the Southern U.S. have schools end in May and start again in August.
- Teacher’s Day off – Exists in some school districts, being two to three days at any time in school calendar
- Inservice day(s) – Scheduled breaks for teachers to participate in in-season training or discussions, or to attend the state or national conventions held by a teacher’s union .
- All federal and state holidays – That includes religious holidays, such as Good Friday ; and sometimes Jewish and Islamic holidays, depending on school demographic.
- Severe weather – (e.g. a winter storm or a hurricane) – Usually is one or two days because of such an event, but can last anywhere up to a full week.
Note: Often in Charter Schools breaks are shorter due to the extended number of days students spend in school (200 days vs. 180 days for standard public schools).
Colleges and universities vary widely. Some closely follow the K-12 break schedule, others have the same but longer breaks to accommodate students who live farther away and wish to return home for holidays. Most colleges and universities have the following breaks/holidays:
- Thanksgiving Holiday – End of November (The week of Thanksgiving – 3 days before Thanksgiving, Thanksgiving Day, and the day after – the Friday before the break is considered a half-day).
- Christmas/Holiday Break – mid-December to late January
- Spring Break – a week in March or April (usually starting on Good Friday)
- Summer Break – Early/mid May to between late August and the day after Labor Day in September
- Snow Days (In regions where it snows in winter) – usually a few days up to a full week, and no days to make up.
Most colleges and university years are divided into two semesters.
The first starting from day after Labor Day in early September until mid-December, and the second lasting from the end of January until early May. Winter and summer classes could be taken in between the breaks.
Trip Advisor provides a summary of key holidays. 
Asia[ edit ]
China[ edit ]
Summer holidays usually last from early July to end of August. The winter holiday usually lasts 1 month, and its time varies depending on the date of the Chinese New Year .
Hong Kong[ edit ]
In Hong Kong summer holidays last from mid-July to the end of August. Christmas, Lunar New Year and Easter holidays last usually for one and a half weeks.
India[ edit ]
South India[ edit ]
In South India, summer vacations start in the last of April to beginning of June.
The Diwali break begins in either October or November, depending on the month Diwali occurs in that year. It lasts for about 1 week. Christmas break starts on last week of December (22nd or 23rd) and ends on first week of January (5th).
Tamil Nadu celebrates Pongal festival( Thai Pongal ): It is a four-day festival which according to the Tamil calendar is usually celebrated from January 14 to January 17..
North India[ edit ]
In north India, the typical summer vacation runs from mid May to the end of June, school starting from July 1 usually.
Dusherra break is for usually for 10 days, and dusherra lies in the middle.
Christmas holidays are not usually given, however, some schools combine the Christmas holidays with the winter break. Schools in Uttar Pradesh give a holiday on Charan Singh ‘s birth anniversary, and that’s when the winter break starts for some. For some other schools the winter break starts on 28 December, and usually ends on the second weekend of the new year.
Schools are off for two weeks after their academic year ends(contrary to the summer vacations between two academic years in the south.) The new academic year starts on 1 April.
Most of India[ edit ]
There are many public holidays in India, depending on the region. Muslim holidays like Eid are enjoyed throughout the country by students of all religions.
Certain Holidays and mandated across the Nation.
January 26 : Republic Day
August 15 : Independence Day
October 2 : Gandhi Jayanti (Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi )
Indonesia[ edit ]
In Indonesia, there are three main school holidays:
- New school year holiday – known as libur kenaikan kelas (up-grading holiday), usually takes place for 2–3 weeks between late June and early July. Dates are vary, depending on each province/region. The holiday starts from Monday in the first week to Saturday in the last week.
- Mid-term holiday, aims to separate the two semesters. It takes place for two weeks between late December and early January, coinciding with Christmas and New Year holidays. The starting and ending day are just like the new school year holiday.
- Eid al-Fitr holiday (or lebaran holiday), lasts for around two weeks. Date varies according to the Islamic calendar .
- Fasting Holiday / Ramadhan Holiday (or puasa holiday), about 1 month. Date varies according to Islamic Calendar. This break mostly combined with the Eid al-Fitr holiday. Sometimes it can be 2 month holiday. School usually start at the first Monday in the new month. Its even can be up to 3–4 month holiday if new school year holiday (libur kenaikan kelas) happen before or at the month of Ramadhan, But, if Christmas happen after Eid al-Fitr, the school will start in the new year (some province, Maluku, etc.). The school will start at Monday. On the first meeting, student and teacher will say sorry to each other and shake hand each other, known as “Halal Bihalal” it tooks about 3 day, and after Halal Bihalal, parents will receive “rapot” or a reports book show student achievement for 1-year study.
Beside the main holidays, there are many small holidays which takes place for 1–2 days, such as the Independence Day , religious breaks, and Teacher’s Day.
Japan[ edit ]
In Japan, school holidays take place from late March to early April, from the late July until early September, and over the Christmas and New Year period from December 24 to January 7. Additionally there is a full holiday week in May called “Golden Week.”
Korea[ edit ]
Summer vacations and winter vacations are usually similar in length, lasting about 1 month each. There is also spring vacation which lasts about 2 weeks. In addition, there are a couple of 3–5 day long holidays per year, including “Chuseok” which is in fall and “Seolnal” which is in late winter.
Malaysia[ edit ]
In Malaysia, there are 2 main semester holiday and an additional of mid-term break and year end holiday. The mid-year holidays last for two weeks, from late May until mid-June, in between the two school terms. The year-end holidays last for six weeks, from mid-November until early January, in between two school years. Each school term has a mid-term break; one week in March for the first semester and one week in the months of August or September (variable) for the second semester.
Schools are closed on national and state public holidays . Schools are allowed to have a few special holidays without replacement for events such as school anniversary and sports day . For festivities such as Hari Raya Puasa , Chinese New Year and Deepavali , schools usually apply for additional holidays to allow longer breaks for students to visit relatives in their hometowns. However, every day missed exceeding the special holiday allowance would be replaced by having classes on weekends.
Philippines[ edit ]
In the Philippines , summer break starts from the late March to early June, semestral break starts from late October to early November, and Christmas break starts from mid December to early January. Event-based holidays are declared by the President (for national holidays) and the provincial governor or city mayor for local holidays through the Department of Education (DepEd) for Basic Education and Commission on Higher Education (CHED) for Colleges.
Singapore[ edit ]
In Singapore, there are four school terms. Terms 1 and 2 are referred to as Semester 1, as terms 3 and 4 are referred to as Semester 2. Each term consists of ten school weeks. Term 1 starts the day immediately after New Year’s Day. If the first school day is a Thursday or a Friday, it is not counted as a school week. After term 1, there is a break of a week, called the March Holidays. Thereafter, term 2 commences and is followed by a break of four weeks, the June Holidays. It is followed by term 3, after which there will be another break of one week, the September Holidays. Then, term 4 would start, and after it there is the December holidays, which would be either five or six weeks long, depending on whether the first week of the year was counted as a school week. Students are also given days off on public holidays, as well as Children’s Day , Youth’s Day, Teacher’s Day and the day after National Day .
Turkey[ edit ]
Winter holidays last from late January to early February (2 weeks). Summer holidays last from early June to mid September (14 weeks).
- January 1 – New Year
- April 23 – National Sovereignty and Children’s Day
- May 1 – Labour and Solidarity Day
- May 19 – Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day
- August 30 – Victory Day
- October 29 – Republic Day
There are Ramadan Feast (3 days) and Sacrifice Feast (4 days) holidays, but dates of these holidays changing every year because Ramadan & Sacrifice Feasts are calculated according to Muslim calendar. If these feasts are at the middle of the week, then the break becomes a full week break with the Arefe (the day before the feast) day.
Europe[ edit ]
Austria[ edit ]
In Austria, the summer holidays are usually between early July and early September. There is, with the exception of Vorarlberg and Salzburg , no Autumn break but there a Christmas break (from December 24 until January 6) and an Easter break (lasts for 10 days). The mid-term break in February lasts for a week and the Whitsun break lasts for 4 days including the weekend. There are also free days during religious holidays ( Assumption , Ascension , Corpus Christi etc.).
Belgium[ edit ]
For primary schools, the academic year in Belgium begins on the first weekday in September and ends on the last weekday in June, with the summer holiday comprising the entire months of July and August. Secondary schools and universities often close about a week earlier, as soon as school results have been processed and published. A week of autumn break is usually scheduled during the week of All Saints’ Day (November 1). The winter- or Christmas holiday lasts two weeks and encompasses both Christmas and New Year’s Day. The dates for both the one-week spring break and the two-week Easter holiday vary. In catholic regions where carnival is celebrated, spring break usually takes place during the carnival week. To get al balance in school days between spring break and summer holiday, the two weeks of Easter holiday can take place with Easter both at the beginning, the middle or the end of the holiday period. In some cases, when Easter is at the complete end of the holiday, Easter Monday serves as an additional day off.
Croatia[ edit ]
In Croatia, there are three breaks throughout the school year at public schools.
- Summer break runs from mid-June to early September.
- Winter (Christmas) break starts several days before December 25 and ends after January 6.
- Spring (Easter) break lasts about 10 days.
Other free days include public holidays and local patron saint days.
Czech Republic[ edit ]
In the Czech Republic , the summer holidays begin at the end of the school year around June 30 and end at the start of the school year on September 1 or soon thereafter. Then there are autumn holidays: two days plus October 28 (the date of the proclamation of Czechoslovakia ). The winter (Christmas) holidays last usually from December 23 to January 2. There is also a one-day half term holiday on January 31. The spring holidays are a week long and may occur in February or March, depending on the region, sometimes they continue with Easter holidays (Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Easter Monday). There are also free days such as May 1, May 8 and September 28. The school director is authorised to add up to three more free days during the school year. The school holidays are determined by the Ministry of Schools for each school year and are valid for every basic and high school.
Denmark[ edit ]
In Denmark the summer holiday lasts 6–7 weeks. Most schools also have one week of winter holiday and one week of autumn holiday, usually in February and October respectively. Finally, the schools are closed from just before Christmas until just after New Year.
Estonia[ edit ]
In Estonia , summer holidays last for three months from June to August. Christmas holidays last for two weeks, autumn and spring holidays are each one week.  In 2016 Estonian Ministry of Education decided to add a new holiday, starting from 2017, to balance the learning weeks. There are going to be 5 holidays: Autumn holiday (21.- 29. October), Winter Holiday (23. December- 7. January), a new holiday (24. February- 4. March), Spring holiday (21. April- 1. May) and Summer holiday (12. June- 31. August). Summer breaks starts 1 week later.
France[ edit ]
French school holidays are scheduled each year by the Ministry of Education . This can lead to overcrowding in tourist resorts such as the Mediterranean coast and the ski resorts.
To alleviate this problem, the holiday schedules are staggered by dividing the country into three zones. Despite these measures, the synchronized school holiday schedules still cause some crowding effects, as families head to popular holiday locations all at the same time. This can result in price increases and availability problems in some locations during the school holiday periods.
Holidays are divided into three separate zones except for the first two holidays: All Saints and the Christmas / New Year.
Germany[ edit ]
In Germany, 75 working days of the year (12 Saturdays) are school-free days. The exact dates are chosen by each of the 16 states, often in consultation with each other for reasons of planning and traffic management. The usual holiday blocks are: New Year (~2 weeks), Easter (~2 weeks), Summer (6 weeks), Autumn (2 weeks). Depending on the state , further holidays can be around Pentecost or in winter between the first and the second half of the school year.
Greece[ edit ]
In Greece, there are three breaks throughout the school year at public schools.
- Summer holidays run from June to September. Holidays begin between June 10 and 20, and end around September 11.
- Christmas holidays begin around December 23 and end around January 8 (about 2 weeks).
- Easter holidays last 2 weeks from Lazarus Saturday to Thomas Sunday (according to the Orthodox calculations)
- There are also two 1-day national holidays: October 28 and March 25
Ireland[ edit ]
The dates for the start and the end of the school year at both primary and post-primary level are not fixed, but mid-year breaks are standardised.  Due to the start of certificate exams, post-primary schools are usually not open for tuition after the Friday before the June public holiday (the first Monday in June) in any year. The school year generally starts in the week in which September 1 falls, with a minimum of 183 teaching days in primary schools but only 167 days in secondary schools.  
There are mid-term breaks in October and February, which last one week. There are two-week breaks at Christmas/New Year as well as at Easter. Summer holidays start around the last week of May or the first week of June for secondary schools, or the end of June for primary education, and end around the last week in August or the first week in September. The Junior Certificate and Leaving Certificate exams start on the first Wednesday in June, and last for two and a half weeks, intruding on students’ summer holidays.
Italy[ edit ]
In Italy, most school holidays are determined by the Ministry of Education, University and Research, and are valid for all public schools of every order and grade. There are summer holidays from mid June up to the second week of September, except for students taking final exams in Middle and Superior schools, as those exams can go on until mid July. Christmas holidays start on December 23 and end on the first or second working day after January 6;the summer holidays in Italy about 12 weeks, other holidays include one week around Easter as well as one day on December 8 ( Feast of the Immaculate Conception ), two days for October 31 and November 1 ( All Saints ), the national holidays of April 25 ( Liberation day ) and June 2 ( Republic Day ), as well as the Workers’ Day (May 1). Locally, school authorities have freedom upon the establishment of the lessons calendar to grant further vacation days on important local festivals (e.g. the local Patron saint day).
Latvia[ edit ]
In Latvia , summer holidays last for three months from June to August. Christmas holidays last for two weeks, autumn and spring holidays are each one week.
Lithuania[ edit ]
In Lithuania summer holiday for 9th and 11th grade begins few days later than 10th and 12th grade students. This is due to exams for those grades. In the past, upper level Lithuanian student had around 70 days of holiday. However, now the holiday lasts almost three months.
Macedonia[ edit ]
In the Republic of Macedonia, there are two breaks throughout the school year at public schools.
- Summer break usually runs from June 10 to September 1.
- Winter (Christmas) break starts after New Year’s Eve (January 1) and ends usually after January 20.
Other free days include the public holidays and local or School patron days. 
The Netherlands[ edit ]
In the Netherlands, summer holidays last for six weeks for all Schools. The country is divided in three regions which start their summer holidays one week after another. Summer holidays usually start in mid-July and end in late August. Dutch elementary and high school students also have a one-week autumn holiday in mid October, two weeks of Christmas holidays, usually the last two weeks of December, as well as one week “crocus/spring holidays” in February (for the south during Carnaval ), and “May holidays”, which last one or two week(s) for high schools and for elementary schools (This may differ from school to school). May holidays span a period of national holidays such as King’s Day (former Queen’s Day ) (April 27), Remembrance of the Dead (May 4) and Liberation Day (May 5) and sometimes include Ascension Day and Pentecost .
Norway[ edit ]
In Norway, school holidays vary by region. Generally, the school year starts around the third week of August. Most regions have a week off at the beginning of October (weeks 40 or 41). Christmas holidays start some days before Christmas Eve and end in the first week of January. There is one week of winter vacation in late February (weeks 8 or 9). Easter holiday is from Palm Sunday to Easter Monday or a day or two later, and Summer holidays begin some days before midsummer. 
Poland[ edit ]
All public schools have the following breaks/holidays:
- November 1 – All Saints Day, 1 day break
- November 11 – Independence Day, 1 day break
- January 6 – the Epiphany, 1 day break
- Christmas Break – Christmas Eve or the weekend before to first day of the school week after New Year’s Day
- Winter Break – two weeks in January or February (depending on region)
- Easter Break – Maundy Thursday to the Tuesday after Easter Monday
- May Break – May 1 (Labor Day), May 2 (Polish Flag Day) and May 3 (Constitution of May 3)
- Corpus Christi – four days in May or June (depending on year)
- Summer Break – first Saturday after June 20 to the end of August or early September (first school week day in September unless it falls on a Friday)
Romania[ edit ]
Summer holidays run from early-mid June to early-mid September and are around 12 weeks long.
Spring break – one to two weeks in early April.
Winter break is two weeks long ( it starts in the penultimate week of December and it ends on the second or third Monday of January).
There is a break in early February between the first and the second semester – one week long.
Fall Break (just for the primary school) – one week in late October to early November.
Russian Federation[ edit ]
All public schools have the following holidays:
- Winter Break – two weeks in January
- Spring Break – one week in April
- Fall Break – one week in November
- Summer Break – from May 25 to September 1
- February 23 – Men’s Day or Defender’s Day
- March 8 – International Women’s Day
- May 1 – Spring and Labour Day
- May 9 – Victory Day
- November 4 – Day of the National Unity
Slovakia[ edit ]
In Slovakia, summer holidays begin at the end of the school year on June 30 and end at the start of the school year on September 1. The autumn holidays are at the end of October. The winter (Christmas) holidays usually last from December 23 to January 7. There is also a one-day half term holiday on January 31. The spring holidays are a week long and may be in February or March, depending on the region. Next are the Easter holidays (Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Easter Monday). There are also free days such as May 1, May 8, September 1, September 15, and November 17. The school director is authorized to add up to three more free days during the school year. The school holidays are determined by the Ministry of Schools and are valid for every basic and high school.
Slovenia[ edit ]
In Slovenia, Summer holidays begin on June 24 (June 25 is National day, which is also a public holiday) and end on September 1. Other holidays are usually one week long, they expand if national holidays fall on the work days. The Autumn holidays (“Krompirjeve počitnice” – “Potato holidays”) begin around October 31, which is Reformation day and November 1 which is called “All Saints’ Day”. The New Year holidays usually start around Christmas and last until January 2. In the middle of February there are winter holidays, which are divided into two parts. In each part there are other parts of Slovenian students who have holidays. The second part of the winter holiday usually ends at the end of February. The shortest holidays are First May holidays, and as their name suggests they begin on around May 1 (usually on April 27, which is Uprising Against the Occupation Day, which is also national holiday) and last until May 2, which is also a national holiday. There are also free days such as February 8 (Slovenian cultural festival – Prešeren Day) and Easter Monday, and other national holidays like August 15 (Feast of the Assumption) fall on school holidays and are more important to adults. Students from the last year of Primary and Secondary schools usually start Summer holidays one week earlier due to the final exams. These holidays are valid for Primary and Secondary schools only and are determined by the Ministry of Schools. University students, however, have summer holidays until October 1 and usually have only one holiday and that is the New Year holiday but it depends on every single college which days will be free for students. For example, in 2015, most university students also had First May holidays. Short holidays usually begin after exams and depend on how good students are at their exams or how many exams they have taken for each term. Most of the time university students have holidays on national holidays.
Sweden[ edit ]
In Sweden, the school year starts around mid or late August (September 1 at the universities). The week before All Saint’s Day (taken as a Saturday around November 2) primary and secondary school students have an autumn holiday. Christmas holiday starts around December 15–16, depending on the day of the week on which Christmas Eve occurs. It usually ends in the second week of January (January 6 is also a public holiday). In the 8th–10th weeks after New Year, primary and secondary school students have one week of winter vacation; the exact week varies by location. Easter public holidays last four days from Friday to Monday. Easter school holidays are either the week preceding Easter or the week immediately following, depending on location. Primary and secondary school summer holidays last about ten weeks, starting in the second week of June.
United Kingdom[ edit ]
School holidays in the United Kingdom follow a standard pattern, with a school year of 190 days of teaching, beginning with the Autumn Term,  but the exact timing varies between countries and counties.  Local authorities set term dates which apply to all Community, Voluntary Controlled, Community Special Schools and Maintained Nursery Schools. Academies, Free schools, Voluntary Aided schools and Foundation schools are able to choose their own dates but many follow the same dates as the Local Authority.  Although these schools can set their own term dates, they are still required to open for the same length of time. Independent private schools tend to set longer holidays than state schools. 
England and Wales[ edit ]
Summer holidays in State schools are usually between five and seven weeks long, starting in late July and ending in early September. Schools have Christmas and Easter holidays, each usually lasting about two weeks. The school year is split up into three sections: Autumn term (between Summer and Christmas); Spring term (between Christmas and Easter); and Summer term (between Easter and the Summer holiday). Roughly half-way through each term, pupils will get one week off school, known as half-term. Half term often falls the week of Halloween and close to Firework Night (however this has not been the case of late) in the Autumn term, the February half term tends to also fall the week of Valentine’s Day, also half term in the Summer term tends to be at the end of May with students returning the first Monday of June.
Independent schools often have longer holidays including up to 10 weeks for Summer, but often have longer school days and sometimes lessons on Saturday mornings.
See School Holidays in England for the impact of school holidays on tourism and life for parents and others.
Scotland[ edit ]
In Scotland the academic year usually begins in the third week of August. In October, there are one or two weeks off, which is the half-way point between Summer and Christmas holidays. The Christmas holiday usually begins a few days before December 25 and ends a few days after January 5. There is up to a week off half-way through the Spring term and a two-week break for Easter. After Easter is Summer term and the 3rd half term break is the half-way point to the summer holidays. The summer holiday usually begins at the end of June for most pupils in primary 1–7 and secondary years 1–3. Years 4, 5, and 6 have a period of exam leave at the end of May or early June, but may return for the last few weeks before the summer holiday starts.
Northern Ireland[ edit ]
Schools in Northern Ireland have similar school holidays to those in the Republic of Ireland. Schools in Northern Ireland have shorter mid-term breaks than those in the rest of the UK and, to substitute, a longer summer holiday that includes the whole month of July and August.
Australia and New Zealand[ edit ]
In Australia and New Zealand , academic years for primary and secondary institutions are divided into two semesters, with each semester being further divided into two terms (thus totalling four terms per year). Although historically the year was divided into three terms with an extended Easter break interrupting the first term, the year has been divided into four terms since the late 1980s (with the exception of the Australian state of Tasmania which did not change until 2013).
Following southern hemisphere seasons, the main summer holiday between academic years begins in the latter half of December and ends late January or in the first one or two days of February, and always encompasses Christmas and New Year . The Australian school holidays also encompass Australia Day on 26 January;  New Zealand celebrates Waitangi Day on 6 February, for which the school holidays may or may not extend, depending on the year.   In year 12 (the last year of school), however, students graduate in September (the end of Term 3) and spend their last term (Term 4) sitting their final school exams.
Typically, each term lasts for approximately ten weeks (give or take a week), with school holidays after each term (typically two weeks although this varies between jurisdictions). Historically, the Term 1 holidays have been scheduled around Easter , reflecting the three-term system’s notion of an extended Easter break within Term 1; although since the mid-1990s this has gradually changed, and now only Queensland and Victoria tie the school holidays closely to Easter; the remainder of Australia and all of New Zealand now have a fixed length to Term 1 which leads to a school holiday in April and the Easter period falling within Term 1 in some years with an early Easter, such as 2018. The Term 2 holidays generally take place in early July, possibly beginning in the last days of June; and the Term 3 holidays usually encompass the last days of September and the first days of October (although in the year 2000, due to the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, the state of New South Wales extended the break after Term 3 to three weeks and held it earlier in September, with students returning to school at the start of October). 
Common practices and effects[ edit ]
Summer holidays for most children are a time to relax, enjoy themselves, and catch up on studies, or to spend time with family or relatives. Many families travel together on school holidays.
School holidays have many effects on a country, ranging from the price of travel and holiday accommodation, which increase as demand increases while children are off school, to a change in crime rate: Example UK crime rate monthly figures . Traffic congestion and heavy passenger loads on public transport on school run routes may be worse on school days during term time. The number of families taking holidays away from urban areas can reduce traffic and use of public transport in cities while loading long-distance highways and means of transport.
In some countries, i.e. Netherlands, where many families travel to their holiday destinations, the start and end dates of school holidays in different regions are staggered to reduce the heavy traffic and pressure on means of transport that would otherwise occur on these dates. 
References[ edit ]
- ^ “School Holidays in São Paulo” . Angloinfo . Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- ^ “Rio Carnival details” . www.rio-carnival.net. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- ^ http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/general/list/calendar/holidaye.html
- ^ U.S Department of Education survey 2001-2
- ^ http://www.tripadvisor.com/Travel-g191-c69476/United-States:School.Holidays.html
- ^ Estonian Ministry of Education and Research
- ^ . fixed holidays Archived 2012-02-23 at the Wayback Machine .
- ^ Department of Education and Skills circular 0034/2011
- ^ holiday calendar for Ireland
- ^ “Calendar for School-year 2016/17” . WordPress. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
- ^ “Archived copy” . Archived from the original on 2011-01-30. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
- ^ “Find School Term and Holiday Dates” . www.termdates.co.uk. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
- ^ List of UK school holidays
- ^ “Official UK School Holidays & Term Dates” . www.termdates.com. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- ^ United Kingdom school half term calendar
- ^ Official Australian School Holidays
- ^ “Education” (PDF). Wellington City Libraries. 23 May 2014.
- ^ “School terms and holidays” . Ministry of Education. 23 May 2014.
- ^ https://www.education.gov.au/school-term-dates-2018
- ^ https://www.government.nl/topics/school-holidays
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