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Film Critique: The Red Violin
– The movie The Red Violin is a drama written and directed by filmmaker Francois Girard, which follows the history of a mysterious and intriguing musical instrument over the span of 300 years. Francois Girard got the idea for the movie from events involving the legendary red Mendelssohn, a 1720 Antonio Stradivari violin which was purchased in 1990 by the grandfather of celebrated musician and heiress, Elizabeth Pitcairn (Fricke, 2010). The story is artfully and elegantly put together, and although the story is fictional the plot portrays what could be realistic characters, settings and life situations…. [tags: Film Analysis ]
1132 words | (3.2 pages)
Film Critique of Dances with Wolves
– Film Critique of “Dances with Wolves” This is a wonderful movie that is set in 1863 during the civil war. The main character is John Dunbar, a Lieutenant in the United States Army, who is played by Kevin Costner. The movie begins with Dunbar in the field hospital with a severely wounded leg that the Dr.’s are planning to amputate. Dunbar decides that he does not want to live minus a leg and leaves the field hospital, takes a horse and rides across the length of the enemy lines where he expects that he will meet his death…. [tags: Soldier, Sioux, Culture]
1003 words | (2.9 pages)
Film/Viewer Interaction in Apocalypse Now
– “The horror… the horror…”- Colonel Kurtz are the last lines of Apocalypse Now, the Francis Ford Coppola directed war-film masterpiece, which truly explores horror. Typical war films, like Kubrick’s Full Metal Jacket or Boulle’s The Bridge on the River Kwai, follow the camaraderie of a protagonist and his unit and their struggles that build up to a violent and climactic confrontation where both sides sustain losses to illustrate the tragedy of war. Apocalypse Now is different; there are only two moments of brief violence that the main character participates in and he rarely talks with anyone else…. [tags: Film Critique]
1530 words | (4.4 pages)
Film Critique On The Deer Hunter
– Since 1968, there have been at least 25 films made that portray the events of the Vietnam War. Historians have to ask themselves when watching these films, “Did the fictional character represent historical figures accurately. Is this how a soldier would react in this situation?” The point of view of the director of the film can change with simple alterations in camera angles. For example, a view from the ground of a battle seen can show how the innocent people had the war in their own backyards…. [tags: Movies Film]
1426 words | (4.1 pages)
Confronting Reality: How Nosferatu Exemplifies Film Horror Tactics
– Many films, and sometimes film genres, are dismissed as being part of the cinema of escapism. This assumes that in times of particular social or economic hardship (often on a national or international level), people go to movies for the sole purpose of “getting away from it all.” While some films may follow this overall trend, it is important to note that it cannot be a generalization made for all films. During the Weimar era in Germany, the nation was in the midst of a national struggle on many fronts…. [tags: Film Critique]
2551 words | (7.3 pages)
Film Critique of Lebensraum
– Film Critique of Lebensraum Lebensraum was one of the most interesting and the most bizarre plays I have ever seen. The plot of the play Lebensraum was very strange, the play was set in present time. The play was about Germans saying the Jews can come back to Germany. The Germans will provide them with work and a place to live. A lot of the Jews thought that the Germans were going to finish what they started with Hitler. At first no one wanted to take Germany up on their offer, until one Jewish family made up there mind and decided to go back, after they knew the Linsky’s were making out good…. [tags: Papers]
507 words | (1.4 pages)
My Thoughts on “Avatar”
– I have now read a number of critiques, mostly by anthropologists since they are the people I read the most, about the film “Avatar.” These arguments tend to claim that there is a racist theme to the film; in fact, that seems to be about all they see in the film. While I acknowledge that, to a degree, this critique of the film is correct, I also feel that there is a great deal more in it. My greatest difficulty with being an academic and constantly being surrounded by academics is our lack of ability to appreciate almost anything…. [tags: Film Critique]
1408 words | (4 pages)
Critique of the Film One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest
– The film One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest is considered one of the greatest films in American films and was directed by Milos Forman. The film, which adapted from Ken Kesey’s popular novel by the same name, was filmed in the Oregon State Hospital which is a real mental institution. The perspective through which the film is presented from indicates a theme of allegory where rebellion is pitted against tyrannical authority coupled with a quest to maintain the status quo of in-mates and the established authority…. [tags: Film Review]
1133 words | (3.2 pages)
The Psychological Fulfillment in Watching Mel Brook’s Young Frankenstein
– Abstract: Young Frankenstein, by Mel Brooks, served to offset the anxiety and fear created by previous horror and monster movies. Written and produced in 1974, only one year after one of the most frightening movies of all time, The Exorcist, Mel Brooks created a horror/ monster movie that would relieve psychological tensions rather than create them as the Exorcist had the pervious year, this movie looked at monster movies through parodical glasses. To do this, Brooks used elements described by Freud’s methods of humor and Harries’ elements of parody…. [tags: Film Critique]
2560 words | (7.3 pages)
Theological Symbolism in “Cool Hand Luke”
– In the 1967 prison film Cool Hand Luke, directed by Stuart Rosenberg, there are many examples of theological symbolism and religious themes. Most of the symbolism alludes to Jesus Christ, which is often utilized in film to add depth to the protagonist in the story. Such Christ figure symbolism can also be seen in films such as the 1999 hit The Matrix and the original Star Wars film (1977). Along with these visual suggestions, there are also thematic elements that underlie Cool Hand Luke which involve Biblical allusions and metaphysical questions…. [tags: Film Critique]
1336 words | (3.8 pages)
Cupid is Armed and Dangerous…
– Every 30 years or so we are treated to a new iteration of Shakespeare’s classic romance, A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Beginning in 1935, directed by Max Reinhardt with a cast including Olivia DeHavilland and Jimmy Cagney, the show was golden on the silver screen and was lauded as an astounding Shakespeare adaptation. In 1968, director Peter Hall had his go at the Bard’s work in a production featuring the Dames’ Judy Dench and Helen Mirren in a well-received CBS television special. And most recently, the 1999 adaptation by director Michael Hoffman features a star-studded cast of television and film actors, including Rupert Everett, Calista Flockhart, Kevin Kline, Michelle Pfeiffer, and Stanley… [tags: Film Critique]
984 words | (2.8 pages)
What can a cigarette hide?
– Lively tourists have invaded the coast of Nassau in a beautiful summer day. As the sea caresses the shore it fills the air with the loving sound of its waves thus creating a perfect romantic gateway. While people are enjoying the lovely weather in the seaside, a life changing moment is taking place in one of the tables in a waterfront restaurant in Nassau. The simple gesture of lighting a cigarette marks the beginning of a new life for Charlotte Vale. In the presented still image, we can see a fashionable young lady…. [tags: Film Critique]
754 words | (2.2 pages)
“The Miscreants of Taliwood”
– On Febuary 17th 2010, the Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art opened their 2010 “Documentary Fortnight” film festival on international non-fiction films and on the 18th, they presented a film by George Gittoes titled “The Miscreants of Taliwood”. This was the third film of a trilogy by George Gittoes, of which the previous two films had also been presented at previous Documentary Fortnights. The MoMA promotional summary advertized the film in a classic travelogue style – “an extraordinary journey to a forbidden zone”…. [tags: Film Critique]
1941 words | (5.5 pages)
Review of The Crucible
– Arthur Miller’s political allegory of McCarthyism, in the form of The Crucible, has been adapted into a faithful companion to the play that is able to incorporate the emotions and atmosphere that may not have been available to some in the play. Miller’s screenplay is very faithful to the book, having many of the same lines and situations the character in the play experience. Because of this, we are able to make an active connection to the play, thus expanding our understanding of the play. Lead by Daniel Day-Lewis, The Crucible’s plot is portrayed by a solid cast, who, for the most part, are able to engross the viewer into the story…. [tags: Film Critique]
781 words | (2.2 pages)
Critique of Film And the Band Played On
– Critique of Film And the Band Played On “And the Band Played On” was an HBO movie that illustrated the AIDS crisis in the 1980s and early 1990s. The movie touched on subjects concerning the reaction of the gay community, the heterosexual community, and the medical community. It showed not only the research in AIDS, but also the way that the US government dealt with it. The movie expressed the consequences the gay community suffered, the plight of the medical community in researching the disease, and the issue of government response to it…. [tags: Papers]
340 words | (1 pages)
Critique of the Film Shakespeare in Love
– Critique of the Film Shakespeare in Love Shakespeare in Love is a fictional movie written about the great writer and poet, William Shakespeare. The story is of a young William Shakespeare barely making ends meet and trying to write a play for the local theatre. However, Shakespeare is suffering from writer’s block, and is seeking inspiration by having a muse. A muse is a power, in this case a female, used to inspire a poet. Of course, a love story proceeds. Although fictional, the real story line is the writing of “Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare…. [tags: Papers]
419 words | (1.2 pages)
Film Critique of All the Presidents Men
– I. Summary Opening in theaters around the United States in April of 1976, All the President’s Men paints quite an accurate account of American journalism yet at the same time is a suspenseful adventure that manages to entertain and inform its viewers. Vincent Canby, a reviewer for the New York Times called the movie, “an unequivocal smash-hit—the thinking man’s Jaws.” Because the film is written from the perspective of Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, the movie works as a blockbuster, and not just a documentary…. [tags: essays research papers fc]
1494 words | (4.3 pages)
The Agent Orange Story; Unnatural Causes
– The Agent Orange Story; Unnatural Causes When a person hears about war, they think of guns, bombs, and absolute chaos. The soldiers in Vietnam are the ones who actually know the true story and true experience of war. Lamont Johnson, the director of the movie, The Agent Orange Story; Unnatural Causes, makes many different views onto the soldiers lives after Vietnam. Whether the soldiers experience mental or physical pain, Johnson directs madness into reality. The certain view points ranges between short term illnesses to the lack of acceptance between the soldier and their community…. [tags: Film Critique]
750 words | (2.1 pages)
Hall’s Theory of Servant Leadership
– Introduction This movie tells the story of a 34-year relationship between a lab assistant, Vivien Thomas, and a surgeon, Alfred Blalock. It also tells of the struggles and triumphs experienced during a journey of human development for two people whom, in turn, influence the development of a worldwide community of surgeons and their patients. It is a great example of how leaders mature and transform their consciousness to be understanding of other people and to deepen the meaning of their words, behaviors, and values…. [tags: Film Critique]
1796 words | (5.1 pages)
Street Gangs of Los Angeles
– Once we finished watching the documentary street gangs of Los Angeles two theories were most prevalent in my mind for why there was gang formation in that area. The first being Travis herschi’s “social bonds”. Second being Walter miller’s “focal concerns”. Social bond theory is not a crime causation theory but a pro social behavior theory that helps explain deviance. This theory identified four social bonds that promote adherence to society’s laws and values. The four bonds being: attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief…. [tags: Film Critique]
1055 words | (3 pages)
The Failures of the Film Adaption of Carol’s “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland”
– The inventive world of Wonderland and Alice’s journey in to her own imagination is more then merely a children s story. Looking deep at the symbols and structure of the story one can see that it becomes more complex and abstract as Alice gets deeper and deeper in her journey in Wonderland. Lewis Carol wrote the book in 1876 and Disney produced its own animated version of Alice in Wonderland no more then twenty years ago. The Disney production aimed at a younger audience, shows Wonderland as a very colorful and vibrant place, full of flowers, trees and a majestic garden of wonder and glory…. [tags: Film Analysis, Movie Critique]
917 words | (2.6 pages)
Casablanca’s Liberal Criticism
– The film Casablanca will always remain an American classic. American people critiqued it as a high quality film over a time period, defining a classic and still today Casablanca remains a top American movie. Michael Curtiz, the director, shows World War II on the home front, using the setting to transfer the view point. The famous and popular Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, and Paul Henreid play the complex love triangle that leads the film to the stories purpose and theme. Casablanca illustrates liberal criticism through a hometown war rebellion setting, the nationalistic view points, and true love’s tribulations…. [tags: Film Critique]
754 words | (2.2 pages)
A Cruel Romance
– Released in 1983, Eldar Ryazanov’s A Cruel Romance remains the most compelling adaptation of Alexander Ostrovsky’s nineteenth century play about a beautiful but poor young woman desperately seeking love in an inherently selfish world. As in Without a Dowry (1879), the film centers on the dramatic conflicts between not only Larisa Ogudalov and her various suitors but also amongst the aspiring men themselves. Through its representation of Ostrovsky’s themes, Ryazanov’s production depicts the ramifications of humanity’s obsession with money, leading to misery, jealously and even death…. [tags: Film Critique]
1573 words | (4.5 pages)
Stand By Me
– Life is fragile, everything that knows life will eventually meet death; it is impossible to mention one without the other. Humans have grasped the concept of life and death more so than any other species, yet we still consider it one of the great unknowns. All man knows in regards to life, he learns from his experiences with death. Man can look to many classic and religious texts searching for the meaning of life, but the only way one can truly learn it is through experience. To many, finding happiness means first coming to terms with the finite stretch of life one has and then making the most of it…. [tags: Film Critique]
2267 words | (6.5 pages)
Full Metal Jacket
– In Kubrick’s Full Metal Jacket, Leonard Lawrence’s experiences in basic training and death are a direct result of negligence on the part of private Joker. In the film, Paris Island is portrayed as a place where men are broken down and reconstructed as ruthless killers. The methods used by the marines to train soldiers are tested and clearly work on the average person. However, Leonard Lawrence was not an average man. Throughout most of the film he is despondent, almost oblivious to the gravity of his situation…. [tags: Film Critique]
1229 words | (3.5 pages)
Critique and Commentary of Film “V for Vendetta”
– Set in a realistic adaptation of a totalitarian, despotic Britain, V for Vendetta is the striking tale of V, hero stamped terrorist, and his seditious scheme to ignite a revolution. This is a terrific movie that captivates the audience amid an eerily relatable setting. With our world in a state of political turmoil, the film is very relevant to humanity’s history and gives the movie a true-to-life ambiance. The all-star cast makes the characters memorable and outstanding in their roles. A message of freedom resonates throughout the story, uplifting the audience and empowering the protagonist…. [tags: Cinematography, Movie, Revolution]
727 words | (2.1 pages)
– While many films the primary goal is to entertain, others attempt to inspire a change in the minds and actions of the audience. These movies motivate people to change behaviors by demonstrating an alternative way of living. They often accomplish this by drawing new connections between the memories and experiences of the audience with the images and characters on the screen. An example of this type of movie is the film Seven Pounds. The film deals with concept of paying penance for one’s actions…. [tags: Film Critique]
1256 words | (3.6 pages)
– In the 1991 film titled “The Doctor”, William Hurt portrays Dr. Jack MaKee, a cardiothoracic surgeon coming to terms with issues related to his newly diagnosed laryngeal cancer. MaKee is presented in the film as a successful and well-respected doctor, quite adept at his surgical skills who, along with his colleagues, performs procedures on and glibly interacts with patients, referring to them as diagnoses rather than people. Jack’s relationships with his wife and son appear to have suffered due to Jack’s work schedule and time away from home…. [tags: Film Critique]
2108 words | (6 pages)
– The “magic” of the Disney universe is undeniable, although not as one would first think. Walt Disney created an empire of fantasies, dreams, and magical adventures, but the true magic is the power Disney has to instill these fantasies and dreams into children’s minds. Of course, these fantasies are not always realistic. The easily impressionable thoughts and ideas of the children can be easily altered in their most susceptible time of life to believe these extravagant fantasies. The particular fantasy that is most often presented is the one of every story ending “happily ever after”, which usually goes hand-in-hand with the fantasy of finding the one Prince Charming…. [tags: Film Critique]
1412 words | (4 pages)
– “Hibiscus Town” is a 1986 movie which depicts the constantly changing social structure of peasant life in the period leading up to and during the Chinese Cultural Revolution. The film looks at peasant life in a small town in China, Hibiscus Town, which acts as a microcosm of China where we are able to observe how the momentum of the Cultural Revolution moved to redefine and transform class boundaries. “Hibiscus Town” concerns itself with the life of Hu Yuyin, the film’s protagonist, and how her new label as a class enemy dramatically changes her circumstances…. [tags: Film Critique]
1485 words | (4.2 pages)
Critique of Oprah Winfrey’s Film Version of Their Eyes Were Watching God
– Oprah Winfrey lied on the opposite end of Zora Neale Hurston’s spectrum when she produced her atrocious rendition of Hurston’s stellar novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God. She modified characters and symbols, altered the theme and relationships, and utterly desolated the significance of the title, making it almost unrecognizable to someone who has read the book. Winfrey totally eviscerated Hurston’s unsurpassed novel, extrapolating what she thought important without going in depth in to the true meaning of the story…. [tags: Amalgamating Bitterness, Story Contradiction]
1782 words | (5.1 pages)
– Koyaanisqatsi Koyaanisqatsi, sometimes titled Koyaanisqatsi: Life Out of Balance, was directed by American director Godfrey Reggio. The film deals with the relationship between humans and nature entirely through the contrast between the music and the visuals. The tone of each scene relies purely on composer Philip Glass’ score to aid what’s being shown on screen and provide meaning to what’s taking place. Because there are no conventional story ideas or dialogue, the film takes its message from the tone set by the music and the visuals…. [tags: Film Critique]
2549 words | (7.3 pages)
– In a world where popular music is more handily classified as ‘noise,’ and where the louder an amplifier is, the ‘better’ the music is, it is hard to believe that there once existed a time where a single violinist could captivate an audience on his own for upwards of two hours. Such is the case for acclaimed violin virtuoso, Paul Foray, in the film Humoresque. The story follows Paul from childhood, when he struggled to get his parents to buy him a violin, to adulthood, where he made his name with the help of some influential friends, to his seeming retirement from the instrument after a tragic incident in his personal life…. [tags: Film Critique]
1926 words | (5.5 pages)
– In the film “Bordertown”, the protagonist, Johnny Ramirez ultimately finds solace, happiness and satisfaction in the aftermath of his own failure. If one were to believe the notion that we are all at a fixed station in both life and society, then the Mexican protagonist’s ambitions and their disastrous outcomes would only serve to bolster this opinion. This is, however, what the film “Bordertown” attempts to convey to its audience. As Johnny Ramirez ambitiously sets out, attempting to acquire material success, in the world outside of his neighborhood, he finds only offers of wickedness and corruption…. [tags: Film Critique]
997 words | (2.8 pages)
– On the 24th day of February was the Sibley day of Lindenwood University. Events were all over the place but I decided to participate in just three of the events. One of which I attended took place at Roemer 209 at 1pm and it was a movie titled: “Milk”. There were about 30 people who came to watch the movie including and that was just right for the class room that was used was rather small. The head of the organization that hosted the event presented the theme of the movie as well as the plot. He relayed to us the message of social unity and upholding of social integrity…. [tags: Film Critique]
695 words | (2 pages)
Liberal Humanistic Critique of Gladiator
– Ridley Scott’s epic film, Gladiator, won five Academy Awards, including Best Picture in 2000. Scott’s film, details the fall and rise of the great Roman General, Maximus Decimus Meridius. The Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius, tells Maximus that he wishes that he become his successor, instead of his son, Commodus. Angry, Commodus, murders his own father, thus becoming the emperor, and sentences Maximus and his family to death. He escapes, but the Emperor’s men murder his family and burn his home. Slave traders, then capture him, and sell him into slavery…. [tags: Film Review]
898 words | (2.6 pages)
Editing critique of Tery Zwigoff’s Ghostworld
– Editing Critique of Terry Zwigoff’s Ghost World In order for a film to be successful many different elements must be taken into consideration even before beginning to shoot. The tone of the piece, what sort of lighting will be used, the location of the shots, and a palette for the film, are all elements that need to be considered before the actual filmmaking begins. However, even with rigorous planning, questions will still arise during shooting, questions that might not even be apparent or answered until the footage reaches the editing room…. [tags: Film]
1033 words | (3 pages)
Critique on Open City
– Critique on Open City “Open City” is a neo-realist film that followed the movement in Italy during World War 2. The film is neo-realistic because it has that ‘reality’ like feeling to it by following specific characters through their daily stressful lives that are screwed up from poverty and war. It has many qualities that make it in some ways ‘closer’ to the characters. While watching, the viewer is sucked into the story and immediately feeling emotional with the families and the other various characters in the film…. [tags: Film Movies]
1104 words | (3.2 pages)
Analytical Critique of The Godfather
– Analytical Critique of The Godfather I believe the reason that, ‘The Godfather’, is such a great film is because it lets audiences decide whether they like the characters or not. Too many movies made about organized crime begin with some seemingly random act of violence. ‘The Godfather’, however, lets it be known from the start to judge the characters in the film based on what type of person they are instead of the criminal activities they may engage in. The film begins with a wedding, and this setting sets the stage for the basic theme of the movie, which is family…. [tags: Movie Film Review Godfather Essays]
928 words | (2.7 pages)
The Transition Between Film and Theater: War Horse
– In this essay I will explore the different effects film and theatre has on an audience and if the transition from theatre to film, which tends to be thought of as “deadening”, can be truly successful. To do this I will be using the production of War Horse as a vehicle, and I shall be investigating and exploring the different points of view of critiques and journalists and by using my own personal experience as well. To begin with, to be able to compare whether a story can be successful in both mediums one must know the difference between them…. [tags: Critique, Audience]
2417 words | (6.9 pages)
Social and Political Critique and Commentary in Bonnie and Clyde
– … The scene is almost reminiscent of the famous scene from Battleship Potemkin 3 where the mother is shot in the face, and her glasses are shattered. By modern standards, the scene isn’t that shocking or all that revolting at all, but at the time of its release, it certainly was a shocker to both audience and critics alike. The most famous graphic scene in Bonnie and Clyde is of course the dramatic finale, when the two criminal lovers are gunned down by the Texas Ranger Frank Hamer and his enforcers…. [tags: film analysis]
1937 words | (5.5 pages)
Critique of the Movie Educating Rita
– Critique of the Movie Educating Rita Director: Lewis Gilbert Screenwriter: Willy Russell Released: 1983 With Julie Walters, Michael Caine, and others Rita (Julie Walters) is a twenty-six years old hairdresser from Liverpool who has decided to get an education. Not the sort of education that would get her just a better job or more pay, but an education that would open up for her a whole new world–a liberal education. Rita wants to be a different person, and live an altogether different sort of life than she has lived so far…. [tags: Movies Film Educating Rita Essays]
5165 words | (14.8 pages)
Contemporary Western Critique in Third World Cinema
– This essay will look at three films by three different directors, all of whom are Third‐World born, European‐ (higher) educated, and whose films have all investigated the legacies and effects of postcolonialism as it relates to those having acted both colonizers and colonized. The films are made up of two documentaries, I’m British but… by Gurinder Chadha and Lumumba: Death of a Prophet by Raoul Peck, as well as the semi‐fictional Pièces d’ Identités by Mweze Ngangura. Even though the latter of these directors have directed documentaries as well, of which in no doubt touches upon very similar themes as the other ones looked at here, I have chosen Pièces d’ Identités deliberately in tha… [tags: Film Studies, Film Analysis]
1892 words | (5.4 pages)
Critique of the Movie Matchstick Men
– Critique of the Movie Matchstick Men I recently read a review of Matchstick Men by Nicolas Bardot who said of the movie: “very touching but lacking a certain panache.” The Matchstick Men starring Nicolas Cage, Sam Rockwell, and Alison Lohman, is the story of Roy (Cage) who with his “numerous disorders” and his partner Frank (Rockwell) tries to pull off a con job. Unfortunately, Roy’s daughter Angela (Lohman) suddenly shows up and things don’t go exactly as planned. Although Roy’s “disorders” are not mentioned specifically, I can’t imagine they would make his job easy in the first place, but throw a long lost teenage daughter into the mix and I can not wait to see what happens next…. [tags: Movie Film Essays]
367 words | (1 pages)
Critique of The Breakfast Club
– Critique of The Breakfast Club Breakfast Club is a comedy that was released in 1985. It was written, produced and directed by John Hughes. It’s about five teenage students from different social groups when forced to spend a Saturday together in detention they find themselves interacting with and understanding each other for the first time. A jock, Emilio Estevez, a stoner, Judd Nelson, a princess, Molly Ringwald, a basket case, Ally Sheedy, and a brain, Anthony Michael Hall, talk about everything from parental tension to sex to peer pressure to hurtful stereotypes while serving the eight hours in a library…. [tags: The Breakfast Club Movies Film Essays]
1164 words | (3.3 pages)
Critique of Movie The Insider
– Critique of Movie The Insider A dramatization of 1995 events in which the tobacco industry allegedly covered up proof that nicotine is addictive and harmful. When Brown and Williamson executive Jeffrey Wigand (Crowe) tries to expose the industry’s cover-up, he is threatened into silence. He eventually gets his story to 60 Minutes producer Lowell Bergman (AL Pacino), but CBS decides against airing it due to political and economic pressures, and the threat of lawsuit from Brown and Williamson. Before we start, I think it’s important that you know a little thing about me, and where I’m coming from…. [tags: Tobacco Nicotine Insider Film Essays]
1018 words | (2.9 pages)
Critique of The Day After Tomorrow
– Critique of The Day After Tomorrow The movie, The Day After Tomorrow, addresses the issue of global warming. The movie?s portrayal of the events caused by global warming was extreme and not very believable. Some of the information is backed up by science but most is completely off the wall and nonrealistic. The movie cited the cause of the global climate change to be the rise in temperature due to greenhouse gasses. The warmer temperatures caused the polar ice caps to melt, and the increased amount of freshwater in the ocean disrupted the North Atlantic Current…. [tags: Movie Film Review Global Warming Essays]
1002 words | (2.9 pages)
Critique of Davis Guggenheim’s documentary _Waiting for Superman_
– In Davis Guggenheim’s documentary Waiting for Superman, he exposes mainly a one-sided argument against teachers unions, by stating the unions are a “menace and an impediment to reform.” His documentary explores the tragic ways in which the American public education system is failing the nation’s children, and explores the roles that charter schools and education reformers could play in offering hope for the future. Statistics show our nation’s student dropout rates, diminishing science scores, math scores, and schools closing due to lack of funding, but numbers fail to represent the names and faces of the children whose entire futures are at stake due to the inability to enact change…. [tags: Education, Film Review]
920 words | (2.6 pages)
Critique Paper on Texas State University´s Wittliff Collection
– Critique Paper For my museum selection I decided to attend Texas State University’s Wittliff Collection. When I arrived, there was no one else there besides me and the librarian. To be honest, I probably would have never gone to an art museum if my teacher didn’t require me to. This was my first time attending the Wittliff Collection, thus I asked the librarian, “Is there any other artwork besides Southwestern and Mexican photography?” She answered, “No, the Wittliff is known only for Southwestern and Mexican photography.” I smiled with a sense of embarrassment and continued to view the different photos…. [tags: librarian, art, photography, film]
2306 words | (6.6 pages)
Critique of Divergent: A Movie by Neil Burger
– Wow. This was one of the most exciting thrill rides that I have had in a long time. This movie was really good. In the movie it took place where the world as categorized in to factions. The factions were amity, abnegation, dauntless, erudite, and candor. The main character was Beatrice, “Tris”; her family belonged to the faction of Amity. This group of people was very kind and peaceful. Beatrice and her brother Caleb were at the age that they had to choose their own faction after knowing who they were and to live in that society or stay were…. [tags: film analysis, cinematography]
1152 words | (3.3 pages)
A Critique of the Movie, The Birdcage (La Cage aux Folles)
– A Critique of the Movie, The Birdcage (La Cage aux Folles) A gay couple, living in a gay apartment, with a gay houseboy, above a gay nightclub, in a gay city . . . and they have to straighten it all out for one evening. In 1996 La Cage aux Folles (a 1978 French play) was remade by MGM into The Birdcage, a daringly flamboyant comedy that is in-tune with the times and redefines the idea of family values. It combines the talents of Robin Williams (Armand), Nathan Lane (Albert), and Hank Azaria (Agador) with writer Elaine May and director Mike Nichols. The film is brought to life by the superb uniqueness of each character and what they bring to the screen and add to the plot. This… [tags: Movie Film comparison compare contrast]
1933 words | (5.5 pages)
Violence on Film
– The Western stands as one of the great genres of Hollywood cinema, as it possesses the ability to transcend both time and subject matter. Accordingly, the types of themes which this genres addresses, such as romanticism, and American heroism, can still be seen as viable commodities within modern-day storytelling. However, while The Western has focused on various topics throughout its cinematic history, what ultimately serves as the primary critique of the genre, is the exploration of role of violence and aggression within society (Lusted 16)…. [tags: Film Review, Hollywood, Gunfigther]
2300 words | (6.6 pages)
A Critique of Three Kings
– A Critique of Three Kings Three Kings (1999) shows the use of various genres such as war, adventure-when the four soldiers set off to steal and find the gold, comedy-a map found in a prisoner’s bum, an exploding cow, action-a man diving for the camera in slow motion whilst a truck explodes behind him and drama. The premise of the film is that in the aftermath of the gulf war, four soldiers set out to find gold that was stolen from Kuwait, but they discover people who need their help…. [tags: Papers]
1035 words | (3 pages)
Film Review Mona Lisa Smile
– Mona Lisa Smile. Dir. by Mike Newell. Columbia Pictures, 2003. In the movie, Mona Lisa Smile directed by Mike Newell, a new art history professor at Wellesley College teaches her female students alternatives to their seemingly preordained futures as wives and mothers. In this paper we will examine women’s roles in the 1950’s through Mona Lisa Smile and compare this film to actual experiences of Wellesley collage graduates. In 1953, a time when women’s roles were rigidly defined, free-spirited, art history professor Katherine Watson (Julia Roberts) begins teaching her dream job at Wellesley College…. [tags: Movies Film]
1056 words | (3 pages)
Film Analysis: Aliens and Attrition
– Justification This horror film combines two of the major themes found in modern cinema. It integrates science fiction and zombies to produce a unique new type of horror film. Along with this, it is within a historical background that is not usually seen in these genres. This setting does not detract from the film though, but rather broadens the possibilities for these types of films. Currently, zombie films are very popular, and science fiction is climbing back to the pinnacle of success that it held in the latter half of the twentieth century, but the problem that these film types are facing is the need for new ideas…. [tags: modern cinema, science fiction, zombies]
1622 words | (4.6 pages)
– This is a critique of" Roger And Me", a documentary by Michael Moore. This is a film about a city that at one time had a great economy. The working class people lived the American dream. The majority of people in this town worked at the large GM factory. The factory is what gave these people security in their middle working class home life. Life in the city of Flint was good until Roger Smith the CEO of GM decided to close the factory. This destroyed the city. Violent crime became the highest in the nation, businesses went bankrupt, people were evicted from their rented homes…. [tags: essays research papers]
959 words | (2.7 pages)
Empathy and (Film) Fiction, by Alex Neill
– Relations between sympathy-empathy expressiveness and fiction have become a significant issue in the debate on the emotional responses to the film fiction. Due to their complexity many scholars found it useful to diagram them. With his essay, “Empathy and (Film) Fiction”, Alex Neill tries to develop new theory for analyzing the fiction and, especially, the emotional responses from the audience on it. The project of this essay is represented with an aim to show the audience the significant value of the emotional responses to the film fiction…. [tags: Analysis, Empathy and Sympathy]
1015 words | (2.9 pages)
Elizabeth The Film
– Elizabeth The Film Theme of the Film: How Elizabeth managed to gain the throne through turmoil, and then maintain it through even greater conflict and opposition. Greatest Surprise of the Film: The attention to detail and the symbolism employed to make the story richer than any other period piece. The script was also very well written, and very well paced making the movie much more enjoyable to watch because it was interesting and did not drag. Historical Characters Prioritized: Elizabeth I, Duke of Leicester, Sir William Cecil, Walsingham, Duke of Norfolk, Mary Queen of Scots, and the Vatican, various potential suitors to Elizabeth I…. [tags: essays papers]
1174 words | (3.4 pages)
A Critique of The Cabinet of Dr Caligari and The Last Laugh
– A Critique of The Cabinet of Dr Caligari and The Last Laugh Both The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, produced by Robert Wiene, and The Last Laugh, produced by F.W. Murnau, are excellent examples of films created in the golden age of German cinema. These two films make use of the camera in order to see inside a character’s mind, a technique greatly refined throughout German Expressionism. The ideas, feelings, thoughts, and dreams of a character are carefully shown in a first-person view, and the tone and mood of the characters and plot are mirrored in the surrounding environment…. [tags: Papers]
448 words | (1.3 pages)
The Reality of Corrupt Power Hungry Men in the Film Chinatown
– … Mulvey discusses the term scopophilia in her essay as finding pleasure in looking as well as being looked at (1975). Like anything we can take this too far where the gaze becomes an obsession, particularly towards the female turning it into a sexual gaze. Therefore the male is the viewer and holds the power, he is what Mulvey states as being the active male while the female is then passive (1975). If the female becomes a passive character is she then needed for the development of the story. I do not think so, if we give her this position in the film she is not a valuable part of the narrative…. [tags: gaze, feminism, sexual]
782 words | (2.2 pages)
B.A.T.A.M: An Ethnographic Film Produced by Johan Lindquist
– “B.A.T.A.M” is an ethnographic film produced by Johan Lindquist. It presents stories of two women who live on the Indonesian island of Batam. Wati, one of the major participants of the interview is a young female factory worker. Another major participant, Dewi, who came from Java and used to work in an electronic factory, is currently working as a prostitute. The film primarily shows how the “multinational capitalism and migration interact in the shadowlands of globalization”. In my analysis, I will mainly dress on the critique of the film in terms of both the quality and the ethical aspects of the film as an ethnographical film…. [tags: social practices, group of people]
1173 words | (3.4 pages)
Film Analysis: The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald
– “The Great Gatsby “, film adaptation directed by Baz Luhrmann in 2013 is almost as great as the novel written by F. Scott Fitzgerald in 1925. The Great Gatsby is a literary classic which is set in the 1920’s in the fictional town of West Egg. The tale is based on Nick Carraway, who is a Midwestern war veteran in the summer of 1922, who finds himself obsessed with the past lifestyle of his mysterious, fabulously and wealthy neighbour Jay Gatsby and his love for the beautiful Daisy Buchanan. This film adaptation compared to the novel is a very interesting one…. [tags: classic, american dream]
1469 words | (4.2 pages)
Critique Of The Cabinet Of Dr. Caligari
– Critique Of The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari was written by Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer, and directed by Robert Weine. It was produced in 1919 by Erich Pommer for Decla-Bioscop. 1919 was a year in which the movie industry was transformed into a giant industry. Although the movie was produced in 1919, it was not released in the United States until 1921. A time when film makers were out to prove that film was indeed art. In the year 1921 525 films were released out of those 525, 50 still exist today, one of those 50 is The Cabinet of Dr…. [tags: essays research papers]
488 words | (1.4 pages)
A Critique of The Taming of the Shrew
– A Critique of The Taming of the Shrew The Taming of the Shrew is one of the earliest comedies written by William Shakespeare. Some scholars believe it may have been his first work written for the stage as well as his first comedy (Shakespearean 310). The earliest record of it being performed on stage is in 1593 or 1594. It is thought by many to be one of Shakespeare’s most immature plays (Cyclopedia 1106). In The Taming of the Shrew, Petruchio was the only suitor willing to court Kate, the more undesirable of Baptista’s two daughters. Kate was never described as unattractive (Elizabeth Taylor played her role in one film of the production),… [tags: Taming Shrew Essays]
1893 words | (5.4 pages)
Critical, Theological Review of the Film Chocolat
– Set in 1950’s France, Chocolat is a film centred on the Catholic virtue of temperance, or rather the struggle to achieve temperance when the church is faced with the temptation of a 2000 year old chocolate recipe. Temperance is defined in the catholic encyclopaedia as “the righteous habit which makes a man govern his natural appetite for pleasures of the senses in accordance with the norm prescribed by reason”, and in Chocolat it is the Comte de Reynaud, the major and self appointed moral authority for the whole community, that attempts to keep check of the villager’s carnal passions and temptations…. [tags: Chocolate Movie Review Theology]
1901 words | (5.4 pages)
Teodor Adorno ‘s Critique on Mass Culture
– Teodor Adorno ‘s Critique on Mass Culture “ When I was, later, confronted to the problematic of measuring culture, I understood that culture had to be precisely this condition that exclude any mindset able to measure it” – Teodor Adorno – Before the development of education and mass communication techniques, the production and diffusion of culture followed a simple logic: only a cast of privileged – aristocrats and bourgeois – had access to a “high culture” (Curran, 1997). Only since the XXth century and the change of the political landscape as well as the evolution of technology and the liberalisation of the economy has this trend started to change…. [tags: aristocrats, bourgeois, culture]
1115 words | (3.2 pages)
The “New Woman” in Cecil B. DeMille’s “The Cheat”
– Cecil B. DeMille is regarded by many to be the founder of Hollywood, given that his 1914 film, The Squaw Man, was the first important full-length motion picture made in Hollywood. As Joel W. Finler considers, the film “accelerated the trend toward establishing California as the new home of movie-making” . However, it is in his depiction of the `new woman’ that the director is both celebrated and derided. In many of his films, DeMille illustrates the rise of consumer culture that had begun in the latter half of the nineteenth century…. [tags: Film]
1565 words | (4.5 pages)
Pride and Prejudice: A Film Review
– Upon being assigned to write a film review for Joe Wright’s 2005 instant classic Pride and Prejudice, for a “Writing by Women” course my pulse quickened and my pupils dilated. This physiological reaction to the task before me was not founded in the same excitement that had the dozen or so young women in my class squealing and clapping with giddy approval. Rather it stemmed from a much more primal instinct—FEAR. A fear that was quickly confirmed; for, while my amygdila was still wrestling with indecision between fight or flight my fellow students had one by one shot their murderous glances, each like a pair of warning shots fired over my bow…. [tags: Pride and Prejudice, movies, Austin, Joe Wright, ]
1085 words | (3.1 pages)
Critique La Ventura
– Critique La Ventura La Ventura is widely regarded as one of the greatest films to date. Michelangelo Antonioni didn’t win the Palme D’or, but it did get a Special Jury Prize during the Cannes film festival of 1960. No surprise he didn’t win the Palme D’or, but why give him an award in the first place. The reason for winning the title seemed unclear at first because the film had serious issues with breaking the rules of standardized filmmaking. For example having his actors enter the scene from opposite directions from where the came the shot before…. [tags: Art]
932 words | (2.7 pages)
Analysis and Critique of Brave New World
– Analysis and Critique of Brave New World The novel opens in the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre, in the years A.F., or After Ford. Ford is the God-surrogate, a corruption of the name Freud, the controversial psychosexual psychologist. The Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning is leading a tour group of young students around a lab. He explains the scientific process by which human beings are fertilized and custom-made, and shows them the Social Predestination room, where workers create the social castes…. [tags: A Brave New World Aldous Huxley Essays]
1010 words | (2.9 pages)
Personal Narrative: Speech Self Critique
– Personal Narrative: Speech Self Critique During my demonstration speech, I was affected by my speech anxiety. Some of the viewable symptoms were the shaking of my hands and also the stuttering of speech. I was able to control myself and relax after I started getting into my information. I did use some of the suggested relaxation techniques to relieve my anxiety. Before I got up to speak I thought confident of myself to help give me courage and confidence. While watching my video I did notice that I was able to understand and clearly know what the main point was…. [tags: Papers]
355 words | (1 pages)
The Movie Pain and Gain by Michael Bay
– The artifact I chose for my analyst is the movie Pain & Gain directed by Michael Bay. This film is based on true events that took place in Miami during the mid-1990s. The main character, Danny Lugo, is a personal trainer whose life revolved around physical fitness. During his employment at Sunshine gym he becomes acquainted with Adrian Doorbal, a fellow personal trainer. The two realize that their hard work in the gym has led to big muscles and empty pockets. Lugo soon lusts after the earnings and lifestyle achieved by a new gym member he begins to train: Victor Kershaw, who Lugo believes is a crook…. [tags: film analysis]
2198 words | (6.3 pages)
Maximus’ Quest For Freedom
– Ridley Scott’s epic film, Gladiator, considered one of the greatest films in recent years, won five Academy Awards, including Best Picture. Scott’s film, tells the story of the fall and rise of the great Roman General, Maximus Decimus Meridius. The Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius, tells Maximus that he wishes that he ( ) the emperor after his death, instead of his son, Commodus. Angry, Commodus, murders his own father, thus becoming the emperor, and sentences Maximus and his family to death. Maximus escapes, but the Emperor’s men murder his family and burn his home…. [tags: Film Review]
977 words | (2.8 pages)
Critique of The Production On Golden Pond by Earnest Thompson
– Critique of The Production On Golden Pond by Earnest Thompson “On Golden Pond”, by Ernest Thompson, is the outside performance that I chose to attend and critique. Michael Oberfield directed and acted in this performance of “ On Golden Pond.” Though the production was produced in cooperation with the Graham Agency, actors from the community and acting students from the local Academy of Arts played active rolls. Set Design was done by Russel A. Thompson and costume design by Jane Bingham. I was put under the impression that this play was a comedy with a serious twist, but after viewing the performance it seemed more like a serious play with a little comedy to keep the audience interested…. [tags: Papers]
449 words | (1.3 pages)
A Critique on the Transhumanism Movement
– When did being human become not good enough. Transhumanism theories strive toward the perfect human, a posthuman, which can be achieved through modern technology. In the opinion of transhumanists, humans are constantly subject to change and their calling is to transcend their body and brain in order to reach their full potential. While this may have positive effects for the people involved, such as immunity toward hereditary diseases, Down syndrome for example, the question arises what is considered ethical in these practices…. [tags: Genetic Manipulation, Nanotechnology]
3010 words | (8.6 pages)
History and Critique of Fairy Tales
– Marie-Catherine D’Aulnoy a French writer coined the term French term “Conte de Fée”, during the 17th century, which translates to fairytale in English. She was one of “the most prolific and influential author [of the genre]… She published four volumes of fairy tales [which] were translated into English in 1699. Her most famous tale today is The White Cat”(Heiner). There were plenty other authors who’s work is still praised today like Charles Perrault and the Grimm Brothers; between the three they composed Little Red Riding Hood, Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, Hansel and Gretel, Rapunzel and Snow White…. [tags: Marie-Catherine D’Aulnoy, Literary Analysis]
1504 words | (4.3 pages)
This Boy’s Life Movie Critique
– In a time when films were famous for presenting the importance of family life, the film ‘This Boy’s Life’ illustrates the significance of freedom with the help of a troubled boy’s coming-of-age story. The movie ‘This Boy’s Life’, which is based on the real life of American author Tobias Wolff, features renowned actors Leonardo DiCaprio, Robert De Niro and Ellen Barkin in the leading roles while actors Jonah Blechman, Eliza Dushku, Chris Cooper, Carla Gugino, Zack Ansley, Tracey Ellis, Kathy Kinney, Tobey Maguire, Sean Murray, Lee Wilkof, Bill Dow, Deanna Milligan and Morgan Brayton play the other minor roles…. [tags: Movie, abuse, family]
583 words | (1.7 pages)
Masterpiece or moral authority; analysing the critical receptions of Spielberg’s Schindler’s List (1993)
– “…the Nazi persecution of the Jews is a perilous subject matter since it can so easily elicit automatic reactions of moral outrage, personal horror, religious self-righteousness and dramatic extremes, not to mention severe depression”, (McCarthy, 1993) Schindler’s list premiered mere months after the inauguration of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, leading to a capitalising success on the American peoples cultural focus on historical voyeurism. The critical reception of Schindler’s List is a intellectual discussion on the moral nature of a film through the ability to dramatize what was deemed impossible; critically selectively received with a social conscious, and a division on… [tags: Holocaust, Jews, Film]
1766 words | (5 pages)
The French New Wave Movement
– The French New Wave movement was heavily influenced by a variety of figures, events, and cultural changes that led to its creation. Responding to the lackluster film industry following WWII, critics and directors saw the New Wave aesthetic as an opportunity to revolutionize the world of film by challenging the mainstream film industry and its unquestionable influence. France during World War II was a dark place for a film industry that had once experienced such successes. As a result of Nazi Germany’s occupation, the selection of films available in France was severely limited…. [tags: challenging the mainstream film industry]
1072 words | (3.1 pages)
The Accuracy of the Animated Film “Ice Age”
– A critique of “ICE AGE” In the 20th Century Fox production, ICE AGE, we are introduced to a variety of prehistoric animals trying to avoid the coming ice age by moving to warmer climates. This is a classic buddy story revolving around non-fiction animals of the ice age period. This rag tag group consists of a woolly mammoth, sabre tooth cat, a sloth and a sabre tooth squirrel. They join forces to reunite a human baby with his tribe. Of course, the sabre tooth squirrel isn’t so much of the group as entertainment…. [tags: Biology]
526 words | (1.5 pages)
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|Filipino : Lupon sa Rebyu at Klasipikasyon ng Pelikula at Telebisyon|
|Formed||October 5, 1985(32 years ago)|
|Type||Film and television classification|
|Headquarters||18 MTRCB Building, Timog Avenue, Quezon City , 1103, Metro Manila , Philippines|
|Motto|| Filipino : “Para sa Matalinong Panonood”|
( English : “For Intelligent Viewing”)
|Employees||More than 33|
|Parent agency||Office of the President of the Philippines|
The Movie and Television Review and Classification Board ( Filipino : Lupon sa Rebyu at Klasipikasyon ng Pelikula at Telebisyon;  abbreviated as MTRCB) is a Philippine government agency under the Office of the President of the Philippines that is responsible for the classification and review of television programs , movies and home videos .
Unlike other organizations worldwide (such as the BBFC), the Board does not rate video games . Thus, the ESRB system used in the United States is the de facto rating system used in the Philippines , although there have been attempts at formulating an independent local rating system.  Certain video game vendors ask for a valid ID or any other verification to be able to buy M- and AO-rated games. The Board also does not rate literature .
- 1 The Board
- 1.1 List of board chairpersons
- 2 Classification ratings
- 2.1 Movies
- 2.1.1 Summary
- 2.1.2 General Audience (“G”)
- 2.1.3 Parental Guidance (“PG”)
- 2.1.4 Restricted–13 (“R-13”)
- 2.1.5 Restricted–16 (“R-16”)
- 2.1.6 Restricted-18 (“R-18”)
- 2.1.7 Not for Public Exhibition (“X”)
- 2.2 Television
- 2.2.1 General Patronage (“G”)
- 2.2.2 Parental Guidance / Patnubay at Gabay (“PG”)
- 2.2.3 Strong Parental Guidance / Striktong Patnubay at Gabay (“SPG”)
- 2.2.4 Disapproved for Airing on Television (“X”)
- 2.2.5 Exemptions
- 2.2.6 Timeline
- 2.1 Movies
- 3 Content suspension
- 3.1 Local content
- 3.2 International content
- 4 Radio
- 5 Home videos
- 6 Internet
- 7 Criticism
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The Board[ edit ]
The chairman, the vice-chairman and the other 30 Board members compose the Board. Each one holds office for a term of one year but may be reappointed after the expiration of their term. Lawyer Eugenio H. Villareal is currently the Board chairman appointed since December 2012. 
List of board chairpersons[ edit ]
|Chairmen of the Board of Censors for Motion Pictures|
|Guillermo de Vega||1969 – 1975|
|Ma. Rocio Atienza de Vega||1975 – 1981|
|Maria Kalaw Katigbak||1981 – 1985|
|Chairmen of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board|
|Manuel “Manoling” Morato||1986 – 1992|
|Henrietta Silos Mendez||1992 – 1995|
|Jesus C. Sison||1995 – 1998|
|Armida Siguion-Reyna||1998 – 2001|
|Nicanor Tiongson||2001 (acting)|
|Alejandro Roces||2001 – 2002|
|Marilen Ysmael-Dinglasan||2002 (acting)|
|Dennis G. Manicad||2002 – 2003|
|Ma. Consoliza “Marissa” Laguardia||2003 – 2010|
|Mary Grace Poe-Llamanzares||2010 – 2012|
|Emmanuel “Manning” H. Borlaza||2012 (acting)|
|Eugenio “Toto” H. Villareal||2012 – 2017|
|Ma. Rachel Arenas||2017 – present|
Classification ratings[ edit ]
Movies [ edit ]
The rating labels used in the Philippines.
Summary[ edit ]
|Viewers of all ages are admitted.|
|Viewers below 13 years old must be accompanied by a parent or supervising adult.|
|Only viewers who are 13 years old and above can be admitted.|
|Only viewers who are 16 years old and above can be admitted.|
|Only viewers who are 18 years old and above can be admitted.|
|“X-rated” films are not suitable for public exhibition.|
General Audience (“G”)[ edit ]
G Viewers of all ages are admitted. A “G” classification advises parents or supervising adults that the film is suitable for all audiences.
A film classified as “G” shall, in the judgment of the Board, meet the following criteria:
- Theme – The film should not contain violence, threat, abuse, horror, or other themes that may cause fear or disturbance to a young child’s mind.
- Language – The film may contain dialogue or other word representations beyond polite language, but profane, offensive, and sexually-suggestive language or gestures shall not be allowed.
- Nudity – The film may contain occasional, as well as natural non-sexual nudity.
- Sex – The film cannot contain and depict sexual activity.
- Violence – The depiction of any violence must be mild, brief, infrequent, and unlikely to cause undue anxiety or fear to young children.
- Horror – The depiction of horror and frightening scenes should be mild, brief, infrequent, and unlikely to cause undue anxiety or fear to young children.
- Drugs – There shall be no depiction of, or reference to, prohibited drugs or their use.
Parental Guidance (“PG”)[ edit ]
PG Viewers below 13 years old must be accompanied by a parent or supervising adult. A “PG” classification advises parents or supervising adults that the film may contain any of the elements whose treatment is suitable for children below 13 years of age.
A film classified as “PG” shall, in the judgment of the Board, meet the following criteria:
- Theme – The film may contain themes that require parental supervision and guidance, but should not promote any dangerous, violent, discriminatory, or otherwise offensive behavior or attitude.
- Language – The film may contain mild and infrequent swear words and menacing language. Offensive, menacing, threatening language and references to sex shall always be suitable for viewers who are below 13 years of age. Infrequent, brief and justifiable sexually-suggestive language may be allowed.
- Nudity – The film may contain occasional, as well as natural non-sexual nudity.
- Sex – The depiction of non-graphic sexual activity may be allowed, but it should be discreet, infrequent, and not prolonged.
- Violence – The depiction of non-gratuitous violence and suffering should be minimal, and without graphic detail;.
- Horror – The depiction of brief and infrequent horror and frightening scenes shall be allowed.
- Drugs – There shall be no depiction of, or reference to, prohibited drugs or substances and their use.
Restricted–13 (“R-13”)[ edit ]
R-13 Only viewers who are 13 years old and above can be admitted. An “R-13” classification advises parents, supervising adults, or the would-be viewers themselves, that the film may contain any of the elements that may not be suitable for children below 13 years of age.
A film classified as “R-13” must, in the judgment of the Board, meet the following criteria:
- Theme – The film may contain mature themes but is suitable for teenagers above 13 years of age, and shall not gratuitously promote or encourage any dangerous, violent, discriminatory, or otherwise offensive behavior or attitude.
- Language – The film may contain moderate swear words and menacing language consistent with the context of the scene in which they are employed. The use of infrequent and non-vulgar strong swear words or sexually-derived or suggestive expletives and expressions as well as the use of swear words and expletives shall be allowed. The use of sexually-oriented or suggestive language and other references to sex shall always be suitable for viewers who are at least 13 years of age.
- Nudity – The film may contain brief, discreet and justifiable occasional, natural and sexually-oriented nudity.
- Sex – Discreet, infrequent, brief, non-graphic and justifiable sexual activity may be depicted.
- Violence – Infrequent, non-gratuitous, non-graphic and justifiable violence may be allowed.
- Horror – The justifiable depiction of horror, frightening scenes, and occasional gore are allowed.
- Drugs – The brief, infrequent and justifiable depiction of drugs or their use may be allowed. The movie shall not in any case promote, condone, justify and/or encourage drug use.
Restricted–16 (“R-16”)[ edit ]
R-16 Only viewers who are 16 years old and above can be admitted. An “R-16” classification advises parents and supervising adults that the film may contain any of the elements that may not be suitable for children below 16 years of age.
A film classified as “R-16” must, in the judgment of the Board, meet the following criteria:
- Theme – There are no restrictions on themes; provided that the treatment is appropriate for viewers who are at least 16 years of age.
- Language – The film may use any kind of language.
- Nudity – The film may contain discreet, non-gratuitous and justifiable natural and sexually-oriented nudity.
- Sex – Non-graphic, non-gratuitous and justifiable sexual activity may be depicted.
- Violence – Non-gratuitous and justifiable violence and gore may be allowed.
- Horror – The non-gratuitous and justifiable depiction of horror, frightening scenes, and gore are allowed.
- Drugs – The non-gratuitous and justifiable depiction of drugs or their use may be allowed. The movie shall not in any case promote, condone, and encourage drug use.
Restricted-18 (“R-18”)[ edit ]
R-18 Only viewers who are 18 years old and above can be admitted. An “R-18” classification advises viewers, parents, and supervising adults that the film may contain any of the elements that may not be suitable for children below 18 years of age.
An “R-18” rating does not mean that the film is “obscene”, “offensive”, or “pornographic,” as these terms are defined by law.
A film classified as “R-18” must, in the judgment of the Board, meet the following criteria:
- Theme – There are no restrictions on themes and their treatment.
- Language – The film may use any kind of justifiable language.
- Nudity – The film may contain non-gratuitous and justifiable sexually-oriented nudity.
- Sex – The realistic depiction of non-gratuitous and justifiable sexual activity may be allowed.
- Violence – There are no restrictions on the depiction of non-gratuitous and justifiable violence.
- Horror – The justifiable depiction of horror, frightening scenes, and gore are allowed.
- Drugs – The justifiable depiction of drugs or their use may be allowed. In no case, however, should the use of drugs be promoted, condoned, justified and/or encouraged.
Not for Public Exhibition (“X”)[ edit ]
X “X-rated” films are not suitable for public exhibition.
A film shall be disapproved for public viewing if, in the judgment of the Board:
- The average person, applying contemporary community standards and values, would find that the dominant theme of the work, taken as a whole appeals solely to the prurient interest and satisfies only the craving for gratuitous sex and/or violence.
- The film depicts in a patently lewd, offensive, or demeaning manner, excretory functions and sexual conduct such as sexual intercourse , masturbation and exhibition of the genitals .
- The film clearly constitutes an attack against any race, creed, or religion.
- The film condones or encourages the use of illegal drugs and substances.
- The film tends to undermine the faith and confidence of the people in their government and/or duly-constituted authorities.
- The film glorifies criminals or condones crimes.
- The film is libelous or defamatory to the good name and reputation of any person, whether living or dead.
- The film may constitute contempt of court or of a quasi-judicial tribunal, or may pertain to matters which are subjudicial in nature.
A much publicized use of the X rating by the MTRCB was the issuance of such rating to To Live for the Masses , a documentary film portraying the life of former Philippine president Joseph Estrada in 2006. Certain portions of the film, especially the portions with regard to the 2001 EDSA Revolution , were deemed by the MTRCB to be inciting political rebellion, a charge denied by the producers of the documentary.
Television [ edit ]
The MTRCB has implemented a television content rating system since November 1, 1995. Historically, there were only two television ratings used (see the table below). These ratings consisted of a plain text digital on-screen graphic (or pictogram) appearing on the corner of the screen during a program’s run time:
|Plain text only||Parental Guidance|
However, on October 6, 2011, in order to encourage parents to supervise and be responsible with their children in watching television, the rating system was reformatted, with one additional rating added.   
The ratings notice are always played before the start or midway of the show. The rating voice-overs are usually in Filipino, but predominantly English-language stations have the ratings notice spoken in English. Ratings notices were previously broadcast in a 4:3 aspect ratio , but has since been broadcast in a 16:9 widescreen format.
The green ‘G’, blue ‘PG’ and red ‘SPG’ graphic/DOG below are usually seen on the lower right or upper left corner of the screen during the entire show.
General Patronage (“G”)[ edit ]
Suitable for all ages. Material for television, which in the judgment of the Board does not contain anything unsuitable for children.
It appears in most home shopping blocks , newscasts, documentaries, education, and religion-oriented programming.
A pictogram advisory accompanied by full-screen written verbal advisory to the effect that the program is classified as “General Patronage” shall be broadcast for at least 10 seconds immediately before the opening credits of the particular television material classified as such.
Parental Guidance / Patnubay at Gabay (“PG”)[ edit ]
Parental guidance suggested. Material for television, which, in the judgment of the Board, may contain some adult material that may be permissible for children to watch but only under the guidance and supervision of a parent or adult.
The television program classified as “PG” must, in the judgment of the Board, meet the following criteria:
- Theme – More serious issues may be tackled but the treatment must be suitable to children below 13 years old.
- Language – Very mild swear words only shall be allowed. Use of a strong expletive in a sexual context or sexually-based expletives shall not be allowed. Neither shall prolonged and/or successive use of expletives be allowed.
- Nudity – Occasional natural, non-sexual nudity, is permissible.
- Sex – Graphic depiction of sexual activity shall not be permitted. Sexual activity may be implied but with no details shown.
- Violence – There should be no glamorization of weapons and crimes. No detail of fighting or other dangerous techniques. No detail or prolonged showing of violence or suffering.
- Horror – Scary sequences must be mild and brief.
- Drugs – There may only be implied depiction of prohibited drugs and/or substances or their use provided it does not condone, encourage or glamorize drug and/or substance use and it should be necessary to the theme and characterization.
A pictogram advisory accompanied by full-screen written and verbal advisory to the effect that the program is classified as “Parental Guidance” shall be broadcast for at least 10 seconds immediately before the opening credits of the particular television material classified as such.
Strong Parental Guidance / Striktong Patnubay at Gabay (“SPG”)[ edit ]
Stronger and more vigilant parental guidance is suggested. Programs classified as “SPG” may contain more serious topic and theme, which may not be advisable for children to watch except under the very vigilant guidance and presence of a parent or an adult.
The television program classified as “SPG” must still fall within the parameters of existing Parental Guidance classification rating. However, to merit the issuance of an “SPG” rating, the gravity of the material must, in the judgment of the Board, be leaning towards the maximum allowable for Parental Guidance rating. In determining the proper classification rating, the Board shall consider the purpose, genre, and time slot of the program as well as the treatment and depiction of attendant factors such as, but not limited to: Theme (Tema), Language (Lenggwahe), Violence (Karahasan), Sex (Sekswal), Horror and Drugs (Droga).
In the exercise of its judgment, the Board shall take due consideration of balancing the interest of the State to protect the welfare of the youth with the interest of the broadcast networks to freedom of expression.
A pictogram advisory accompanied by a full-screen written advisory with voice over to the effect that the program is classified as “Strong Parental Guidance” shall be broadcast for at least 20 seconds, immediately before the opening credits and midway in the full airing of the particular television material classified as such. The full-screen advisory shall specifically declare the content descriptors pertinent to the program being shown, such as but not limited to: Theme (Tema), Language (Lenggwahe), Violence (Karahasan), Sex (Sekswal), Horror and Drugs (Droga).
The SPG rating was implemented on February 9, 2012. 
Disapproved for Airing on Television (“X”)[ edit ]
Any television program that does not conform to the “G”, “PG”, and “SPG” classification shall be disapproved for television broadcast. The material shall be disapproved for television broadcast if, in the judgment of the Board applying contemporary Filipino cultural values as standard, it is objectionable for being immoral, indecent, contrary to law and/or good customs, injurious to the prestige of the Republic of the Philippines or its people, or with a dangerous tendency to encourage the commission of violence, or of a wrong, or crime, such as but not limited to:
- The work depicts in a patently lewd, offensive, or demeaning manner, excretory functions, and sexual conduct such as sexual intercourse, masturbation and exhibition of the genitals.
- The work clearly constitutes an attack against any race, creed or religion.
- The work condones or encourages the use of illegal drugs and substances.
- The work tends to undermine the faith and confidence of the people in their government and/or duly constituted authorities.
- The work glorifies criminals or condones crimes.
- The work is libelous or defamatory to the good name and reputation of any person, whether living or dead.
- The work may constitute contempt of court of a quasi-judicial tribunal, or may pertain to matters, which are subjudicial in nature.
All programs shown by the television channels are reviewed and classified by the said board. The board may suspend, reject or cancel programs, but cannot revoke broadcast licenses.
Exemptions[ edit ]
National and local newscasts are exempted from the ratings system (except in the case of selected news stories, such as in ABS-CBN’s TV Patrol , which uses an SPG graphic for stories with sensitive or graphic content). Some regional news programs and some CNN Philippines newscasts air a PG advisory before the show, which may violate the rules. These circumstances, however, do not affect the program itself.[ citation needed ]
But on May 2018, Aksyon sa Tanghali is the first newscast to be rated ‘SPG’ by MTRCB because of their segment “Itimbre Mo Kay Tulfo” which the anchor, Raffy Tulfo solves issues by calling the person who is being complained that sometimes involves rants and harsh words from the two sides that resulted to the ‘SPG’ rating that can be seen during the segment on the upper left corner of the screen.
MTRCB cannot censor, rate, and use its power in films and shows presented in the University of the Philippines Film Center and its various grounds and venues.[ citation needed ]
Timeline[ edit ]
This timeline shows when did the networks first used the system (this pertains only to the G and PG ratings, the SPG rating has been adopted simultaneously by almost all of the networks).
- ABS-CBN , S+A (formerly Studio 23 )and PTV on October 6, 2011
- UNTV on October 7, 2011
- Shop TV on October 8, 2011
- GMA and GMA News TV on October 10, 2011
- The 5 Network , IBC and AksyonTV on October 11, 2011
- Net 25 on October 12, 2011
- Light Network on October 14, 2011
- RPN , RJTV and SBN on October 26, 2011.
- BEAM TV on October 30, 2011
- GNN and Global Pinoy Cinema on October 31, 2011
- SMNI on January 26, 2012.
- INC TV (formerly GEM TV), on April 12, 2012.
- Jeepney TV on January 1, 2014
- Yey! and Cine Mo! on May 10, 2018
- Knowledge Channel (weekdays only) on May 25, 2018
- Asianovela Channel , Movie Central , Myx and O Shopping (digital platform only) on July 30, 2018
The board gave a deadline of until October 31, 2011 for the other national, local, cable, and satellite television networks to switch onto the new graphic, although some of the programs adopted the system at a later date, or did not adopt at all. Cable channels (e.g., CNN Philippines and ETC ) that are carried by Free TV affiliates are required to follow the new rating system.
Myx , a cable television channel of ABS-CBN, originally adopted the blue PG graphic on October 6 for the majority of their programs, but reverted to the static Parental Guidance DOG only two weeks after, only in showing music videos with graphic content. This was due to the fact that it may be hard to place the PG DOG while a music video is played along with the lyrics being shown at the same time. On February 1, 2018, the music channel started to use a PG DOG which is a text version only when playing music videos. Sometime in April 2018, the DOG was changed into a variation of the blue ‘PG’ which is in color black. On July 30, 2018, upon the channel’s inclusion on ABS-CBN TV Plus , the standard blue ‘PG’ rating was used again.
Jeepney TV , ABS-CBN News Channel and DZMM TeleRadyo also added the blue ‘PG’, green ‘G’ and red ‘SPG’ graphic at the same time as its mother network, but it is only applied to its public affairs programs which also air on ABS-CBN. Selected programs from Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao contain the blue ‘PG’ graphic are aired from ABS-CBN Regional such as Agri Tayo Dito , Kapamilya, Mas Winner Ka! , Mag TV Na (three of them were cancelled at the end of June 2018 as a part of cost-cutting measures to digitize all ABS-CBN Regional stations)  and various morning shows and public affairs programs (since the end of 2017, one of which is Ano Ngani? of TV-2 Tacloban, Arankada of TV-2 Cagayan de Oro, Bida Kapampangan of TV-46 Pampanga and Salandigan of TV-4 Bacolod plus Saturday morning editions of Bagong Umaga, Bagong Balita (TV-32 Dagupan), Maayong Buntag Kapamilya (TV-3 Cebu) and Maayong Buntag Mindanao (TV-4 Davao) extend their broadcast on Saturday effective from December 2014 and October 2016 and the Saturday morning edition of Sikat Ka! Iloilo (TV-10 Iloilo) also effective from January 2017) with the exception of the green ‘G’ and red ‘SPG’ graphics.
Among local cable networks, ABS-CBN’s Balls , Global Pinoy Cinema and Lifestyle (formerly Lifestyle Network and relaunched since 2018 as Metro Channel ), as well as Solar Entertainment’s Solar Sports and Jack TV continue to adopt the earlier static ‘Parental Guidance’ graphic on their programs (although channels like Cinema One , Pinoy Box Office , Tagalized Movie Channel , Viva TV , Zee Sine , Fox Filipino , Animax Asia , AXN Asia , Sony Channel (Asia) , and GEM have a full screen advisory regularly aired before the show/movie without the static ‘Parental Guidance’ graphic) together with Sari-Sari Channel , the newest cable channel owned by TV5 Network Inc. and Viva Communications Inc. starting January 15, 2016.
IBC 13 does not use either the blue ‘PG’, green ‘G’ or red ‘SPG’ graphics on programs and documentaries produced by the government-controlled Presidential Communications Group (Philippines) (PCOO), considering that they are information-based materials.
Fox (Asia) , Fox Life , National Geographic and Fox Movies use their own rating systems, and Cartoon Network has ‘PG’ rating systems for selected programs which contains themes, violence, adult content, and thriller.
Since January 1, 2013, Jack TV and CT use the abbreviated PG and SPG on the bottom right corner of the screen indicating the rating of the show. As the channel does not subscribe to MTRCB’s new system, the SPG rating does not have sub-ratings.
On May 2018, Yey! , Cine Mo! and Knowledge Channel which are all ABS-CBN ‘s channels subscribed to the MTRCB rating system. The channel began to use the MTRCB advisory before the start of the show and adopted the green ‘G’, blue ‘PG’ and red ‘SPG’ graphic replacing the old “(Strong) Parental Guidance” DOG.
For newscasts, the MTRCB DOGs were not present in all newscasts except for the following:
- ABS-CBN ‘s TV Patrol and News Patrol use the red SPG for sensitive content.
- TV5 (now The 5 Network) ‘s Aksyon uses the SPG for coarse language, usually for Aksyon sa Tanghali.
- Cebuano News and Kapampangan News , both from CNN Philippines (formerly Solar News Channel and 9TV ), show the PG advisory at the start but doesn’t show the PG DOG during the newscast themselves.
Content suspension[ edit ]
Not only does MTRCB rates shows and films, they can also suspend a certain show for a few days to a few months depending on the violation. The following are notable events involving television programs which were suspended due to issues with the show’s content or cast.
Local content[ edit ]
- On August 6, 1999 Magandang Tanghali Bayan was suspended for 20 days due to profane and insensitive jokes made by hosts Willie Revillame, Randy Santiago and John Estrada on its segment “Calendar Girls”.
- On August 16, 2004, MTRCB preemptively suspended the showing of the Ang Dating Daan for 20 days due to slander and use of offensive and obscene language by its televangelist-host Eliseo Soriano , as a mean of disciplinary action.
- During the 2007 elections when RJTV aired political advertisements for the electoral alliance Genuine Opposition that contained profanities.
- The Eda Nolan’s wardrobe malfunction in Wowowee , which happened on May 12, 2007, earned the show a three-day suspension.
- The controversial suspension of a documentary program I-Witness after showing a unique ritual dance from Laguna “The Lukayo”
- The month-long suspension of Showtime due to an inappropriate comment of one of its guest judges Rosanna Roces to the Filipino teachers.
- Willing Willie received a month-long suspension after a child performed a suggestive dance while crying in front of the audience and on its live broadcast.
- The 20-day suspension of T3: Kapatid, Sagot Kita! responses at actors Raymart Santiago and Claudine Baretto on its live broadcast. Before that, a brawl between their brother, Ramon Tulfo and on the latter couple happened in the Ninoy Aquino International Airport Terminal 3. TV5 has questioned the board’s decision to suspend the program, stating that the action was heavy-handed and called it an act of censorship, though it was then lifted after a couple of days. 
- On May 30, 2012 the MTRCB imposed a 3-month suspension to T3: Kapatid Sagot Kita from May 31 to August 31, 2012 without cancellation, regarding to the same issue as above. After the suspension the program will be still under probation or per-episode permit until the board is convinced. Chairwoman Grace Poe-Llamanzares stated that MTRCB has the full jurisdiction in the program.  However, the suspension was once again lifted on June 21, this time under a 60-day temporary restraining order from the Court of Appeals . 
- The episode Manika on ABS-CBN ‘s Maalaala Mo Kaya was slated to be aired on June 2, 2012 but was pulled off after MTRCB granted it rated X regarding the sensitive rape theme. The episode finally aired on June 30, 2012 after given SPG rating for final televised airing.
International content[ edit ]
- On August 1, 1999, Sky Cable axes AXN from its programming lineup due to low and poor content, and too much violence on its programming because it has not yet been reviewed by the MTRCB. In addition to various complains from its subscribers, no new programming lineup was offered by AXN and Sky Cable replaced AXN with a business channel, Bloomberg Television. But on other cable operators, the channel was broadcast without any interruption.
- The TV-channel TVE Internacional ‘s broadcast was suspended by the MTRCB because of sexual content. It was only unclear if the broadcast had been stopped only by Sky Cable or all of the cable companies nationwide.
- The HBO mini-series Entourage was blocked for 3 weeks on Sky Cable because it has not yet been reviewed by the MTRCB. But on other cable operators, the series was broadcast without any interruption.
Radio[ edit ]
The Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas (KBP; English: Association of Broadcasters of the Philippines), an association unrelated to the government, governs censorship on radio , although it can only reprimand its own members.
Home videos[ edit ]
The Optical Media Board formerly governed censorship for home video releases; this has since been managed by the MTRCB.
Unlike the theatrical ratings, only three are applied to video releases and printed on labels: General Audience (G) for films previously rated G in cinemas, Parental Guidance (PG) for most PG and some R-13 or R-16 titles (with cuts for the R-ratings), and Restricted For Adults (R) for some R-13, many R-16, and most R-18 titles [without cuts for R-16 and R-18, including films released unrated or with adults-only rating equivalents (e.g. R, 18+, M18, NC-17, Category III, R21) outside the Philippines]. This system was used until 2015.
Since 2015, the theatrical ratings were applied as home video ratings, replacing the old three-rating system that home video titles used to have.
In addition to issuing ratings for home video, the MTRCB also conducts routine inspections at public transport terminals where passenger buses equipped with onboard entertainment systems can be found, to ensure that the films in question are approved by the MTRCB and Optical Media Board for public exhibition and are free of obscene content. 
Internet[ edit ]
MTRCB does not govern nor censors TV shows and movies on the internet, but video streaming services such as FOX+, iflix, HOOQ , and Netflix use their own content ratings systems.
Criticism[ edit ]
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it . (March 2017)
Despite touting itself as promoting Filipino values and “intelligent viewing”, the organization has drawn criticism from filmmakers and special interest groups for its vested interest in the film and television industries, de facto censorship , stifling of creative freedoms on the grounds of family-friendliness , and allegations of inaccuracy in film and television ratings. 
Critics contend that the board has not rated certain media, particularly superhero , action and fantasy films, such as the Harry Potter series and Michael Bay ‘s Transformers , along with locally produced romantic comedies , harshly for violent or sexual themes, noting the arbitrary and biased classification based on board members’ opinions on certain films for mature audiences yet overlooking certain scenes or themes that would be given a higher rating elsewhere. 
See also[ edit ]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Movie and Television Review and Classification Board .|
- Optical Media Board
- Television content rating systems
- Motion picture rating system
- Politics of the Philippines
References[ edit ]
- ^ “Mga Pangalan ng Tanggapan ng Pamahalaan sa Filipino” (PDF). Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino (in Filipino). 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- ^ “Restrictions On Video Games Proposed” . Manila Bulletin . Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. January 6, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- ^ “MTRCB, may bago nang chairman” (in Tagalog). DZMM . Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- ^ “Chapter IV – Movie, Television and Trailer Classification”. 2004 Implementing Rules and Regulations (PDF). Philippines: Movie and Television Review and Classification Board. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- ^ “Classification ng TV ratings, nirepaso ng MTRCB” (in Tagalog). DZMM . Retrieved 27 October 2011.
- ^ Cruz, Marinel (6 October 2011). “MTRCB revises rating system for TV shows” . Philippine Daily Inquirer . Retrieved 27 October 2011.
- ^ Matabuena, Julien Merced (6 October 2011). “Revised TV classifications launched by MTRCB” . Manila Bulletin . Archived from the original on 17 October 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
- ^ “Bagong rating na ‘Strong Parental Guidance,’ ilulunsad ng MTRCB” (in Tagalog). DZMM . Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- ^ ABS-CBN Regional cancels Agri Tayo Dito, MagTV na accessed June 30, 2018
- ^ “MTRCB suspends Tulfos’ TV show for 20 days, TV5 cries ‘censorship‘” . GMA News . 10 May 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- ^ “MTRCB suspends Tulfo bros’ show for threats against Raymart Santiago” . GMA News . 30 May 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
- ^ “CA, pinayagan ang muling pagpapalabas ng programa ng Tulfo Bros” (in Tagalog). DZMM . Retrieved 21 June 2012.
- ^ “MTRCB conducts surprise inspection at Cubao bus station” . GMA News . GMA Network . Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- ^ “10 Extremely Controversial MTRCB Decisions That Upset The Public” . Filipiknow. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- ^ “Is the MTRCB Really Helpful With Their Ratings? – Pelikula Mania” . Retrieved 26 March 2017.
External links[ edit ]
- Official website of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board
- Official website of the Optical Media Board
- Official website of the Association of the Philippine Broadcasters
- Government agencies under the Office of the President of the Philippines
- Motion picture rating systems
- Television in the Philippines
- Entertainment rating organizations
- Government agencies established in 1985
- CS1 foreign language sources (ISO 639-2)
- CS1 Tagalog-language sources (tl)
- Articles needing additional references from March 2017
- All articles needing additional references
- Articles containing Filipino-language text
- All articles with unsourced statements
- Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017
- Articles to be expanded from March 2017
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- This page was last edited on 6 September 2018, at 02:25 (UTC).
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