How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay: Outline, Body, and …

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Conclusion Paragraph Examples

Conclusion Paragraph Examples

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Sometimes, students get so involved working on the main body of their paper they forget that how to end an essay is equally important. That is exactly why so many of them lose precious points on the final part of their academic assignments – even when the intro and the body were very impressive. If you want to avoid this unfortunate situation, consider looking at some essay conclusion examples on the web. And, if you really want to make your final paragraph impressive, make a note of our writing tips below – after all, essay conclusion samples can only be useful if you understand what a quality conclusion should be like and what purpose it serves in your paper.

How to end an essay to receive a high grade

As it was already mentioned, a conclusion is still a vital part of your paper, and it will be graded by your teacher – just like the rest of the assignment you’re working on. The ultimate purpose of any conclusion is to sum up the results of your work and – if necessary – remind the reader of the main points discussed in the body of your paper. So, quality conclusion samples should act like:

  • a brief synopsis of the main body
  • a proof of your thesis statement
  • an evidence of your subject relevance
  • How to end a conclusion to impress the reader

Even though the aspects discussed above are the main features your professor will focus on while grading the paper, there is also another matter to consider – and that is, how to end a conclusion. Do not forget that this part of your paper is supposed to leave a certain impression on your reader, and your goal is to make this impression a positive one. Here are some tips that might help:

lead with a quote: a famous quote can make your conclusion paragraph stand out. However, remember that you are NOT to introduce any new info, so if you are quoting someone, choose a quote that really flies.

invite the readers to draw their own conclusions: this, of course, does not mean that you are not supposed to draw any conclusions of your own. However, by urging the readers to think, you get them emotionally and intellectually involved in your work, which is always a plus for all essay conclusion samples.

ask a question : generally, a rhetorical one. A lot of essay conclusion examples use this technique to get the reader involved and leave a more lasting impression on the audience.

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Essay conclusion examples to help you get started

The tips above are all the theory you will need to write your own concluding paragraph. Now, let’s take a look at some essays conclusion examples to give you a better idea of how it works in practice.

High school literature paper conclusion example

One can argue a lot about the moral impact of this play, but that does not lessen its artistic value. In King Lear Shakespeare not only depicts the world as it is but also makes a step ahead of the playwriting traditions of his period. Here we can observe the first sparks of realism, if one can be bold enough to say that. Shakespeare’s thought to make a tragedy that would differ from the period brings freshness and novelty to the stage. Even now, four hundred years later, it did not lose its unpredictability and indeterminism. One cannot say that King Lear glorifies evil; on the contrary, it blames it throughout the whole play by making us feel disgusted for the characters whose deeds are so utterly corrupt. However, King Lear strengthens the idea that this world is not about good or evil, justice or injustice. It does not present the world in a black and white fashion; it adds some more hues and thus gains the effect of realism and credibility. One can realize that whenever there is conflict, there are going to be victims and one side cannot attain a complete victory over the other one. It teaches us that every action has its consequences and that the only way to prosperity can be the road of honesty and trust, truth and loyalty, tolerance and forgiveness. King Lear does not deviate from the traditions of humanism and remains not only a classic of English literature but also a study-guide to human relationship.

As you can see, the above essay conclusion sample summarizes the gist of the whole paper in great detail. You do not really have to read the main body to know what it was about, which is the ultimate point of a good conclusion.

Drama evaluation conclusion example

To sum it up, it is important to know that All Clear has, in fact, been the last Stickland’s play, as later on, he started to pay his attention to the novelist’s career, leaving out the dramatist’s one. Though All Clear might seem some tragedy, it as well bears the element of the grotesque comedy Stickland is so famous for. One more thing that All Clear has in common with most of the Stickland’s plays is its surrealism, which reminds one of Brecht and Beckett. However, I believe, one should not compare Stickland’s works with those of Beckett and Brecht, no matter flattering the comparison might seem. On the whole, Stickland’s works are unique, bearing the signs of talent and individuality. Probably the most important feature making Stickland stand out from the contemporary dramatists is his ability to turn the ordinary things into the grotesque ones and get the viewer/ reader involved in his work of art. All Clear is a perfect representation of this particular talent. However depressing and 11th-September-reminding it might seem to some, the play is, at the same time, seen as a perfect example of contemporary society, with its fears, hopes, and ambitions.

A truly great choice of a conclusion paragraph example as it combines dramatic analysis with a personal evaluation of the work in question. And, of course, it follows all of the conclusion writing criteria discussed above.

Personal evaluation conclusion paragraph examples

To sum up the information concerning the freedom of speech and the First Amendment, it is important once again to remind about the relativity of one’s perception. Surely, the First Amendment does not say a lot, and, thus, it can be handled in a number of ways. However, the basic social rules should be remembered, and, of course, humiliating other people, with a purpose or without it, cannot be justified. Fraser’s behavior is thus seen as irresponsible and immature, which presents the decision of the Supreme Court as reasonable and appropriate to the particular situation. So, one can finally conclude that most of our everyday notions, including freedom, obscenity, and offense, can be discussed and interpreted in various ways; thus, there cannot be any definite evaluation or limitation of these concepts.

Another impressive essay conclusion example that combines the elements of research and personal evaluation – which was the goal of the paper. Note how the author manages to give a personal assessment of the court case without actually using any personal pronouns – a wise choice, even for a personal essay conclusion sample.

Conclusion example from a compare/contrast literature paper

To wrap up, one should mention that Tate, no doubt, has his own unique place in the list of the American poets, both classic and contemporary ones. His contribution to the American literature is undeniable, as: “He had, in fact, successfully accomplished something that many other poets had been trying-mostly without conspicuous success. Tate had domesticated surrealism. He had taken this foreign style, which had almost always seemed slightly alien in English-even among its most talented practitioners like Charles Simic and Donald Justice-and had made it sound not just native but utterly down-home” (Gioia). At the same time, Tate’s style differs from the European poets’ works, having certain shapes and hues of his own. The most impressive thing about Tate’s poetry is, surely, its surreal, unnatural logic, though Tate’s use of stylistic devices such as metaphor, metonymy, zeugma, comparison, personification, and epithet add creativity and impressiveness to his work. In addition, irony places a special role in Tate’s poetry, sometimes creating dark and oppressive effects, and sometimes – the atmosphere of mockery. So, most of his poems, and Dream On, in particular, can be seen as an example of modern American surrealism.

Just like conclusion examples mentioned above, this abstract enumerates the author’s main findings; however, given that it is a compare and contrast paper, the writer focuses the attention on the similarities and differences in both poets” creative writings, which is the point of conclusion paragraph example for a compare and contrast paper.

The above essays conclusion examples, as well as the theoretical tips on writing a final paragraph, should give you a pretty clear idea of how to proceed with your academic paper. But of course, we understand that sometimes writing an essay is not about knowledge or inspiration – quite often, students simply lack the time. In this case, conclusion paragraph examples will not do you any good. A professional writing team, on the other hand, will – and you can find one in our company.

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10.7 Comparison and Contrast

Learning Objectives

  1. Determine the purpose and structure of comparison and contrast in writing.
  2. Explain organizational methods used when comparing and contrasting.
  3. Understand how to write a compare-and-contrast essay.

The Purpose of Comparison and Contrast in Writing

Comparison in writing discusses elements that are similar, while contrast in writing discusses elements that are different. A compare-and-contrast essay , then, analyzes two subjects by comparing them, contrasting them, or both.

The key to a good compare-and-contrast essay is to choose two or more subjects that connect in a meaningful way. The purpose of conducting the comparison or contrast is not to state the obvious but rather to illuminate subtle differences or unexpected similarities. For example, if you wanted to focus on contrasting two subjects you would not pick apples and oranges; rather, you might choose to compare and contrast two types of oranges or two types of apples to highlight subtle differences. For example, Red Delicious apples are sweet, while Granny Smiths are tart and acidic. Drawing distinctions between elements in a similar category will increase the audience’s understanding of that category, which is the purpose of the compare-and-contrast essay.

Similarly, to focus on comparison, choose two subjects that seem at first to be unrelated. For a comparison essay, you likely would not choose two apples or two oranges because they share so many of the same properties already. Rather, you might try to compare how apples and oranges are quite similar. The more divergent the two subjects initially seem, the more interesting a comparison essay will be.

Writing at Work

Comparing and contrasting is also an evaluative tool. In order to make accurate evaluations about a given topic, you must first know the critical points of similarity and difference. Comparing and contrasting is a primary tool for many workplace assessments. You have likely compared and contrasted yourself to other colleagues. Employee advancements, pay raises, hiring, and firing are typically conducted using comparison and contrast. Comparison and contrast could be used to evaluate companies, departments, or individuals.

Exercise 1

Brainstorm an essay that leans toward contrast. Choose one of the following three categories. Pick two examples from each. Then come up with one similarity and three differences between the examples.

  1. Romantic comedies
  2. Internet search engines
  3. Cell phones

Exercise 2

Brainstorm an essay that leans toward comparison. Choose one of the following three items. Then come up with one difference and three similarities.

  1. Department stores and discount retail stores
  2. Fast food chains and fine dining restaurants
  3. Dogs and cats

The Structure of a Comparison and Contrast Essay

The compare-and-contrast essay starts with a thesis that clearly states the two subjects that are to be compared, contrasted, or both and the reason for doing so. The thesis could lean more toward comparing, contrasting, or both. Remember, the point of comparing and contrasting is to provide useful knowledge to the reader. Take the following thesis as an example that leans more toward contrasting.

Thesis statement: Organic vegetables may cost more than those that are conventionally grown, but when put to the test, they are definitely worth every extra penny.

Here the thesis sets up the two subjects to be compared and contrasted (organic versus conventional vegetables), and it makes a claim about the results that might prove useful to the reader.

You may organize compare-and-contrast essays in one of the following two ways:

  1. According to the subjects themselves, discussing one then the other
  2. According to individual points, discussing each subject in relation to each point

See Figure 10.1 “Comparison and Contrast Diagram” , which diagrams the ways to organize our organic versus conventional vegetables thesis.

Figure 10.1 Comparison and Contrast Diagram

Comparison and Contrast Diagram

The organizational structure you choose depends on the nature of the topic, your purpose, and your audience.

Given that compare-and-contrast essays analyze the relationship between two subjects, it is helpful to have some phrases on hand that will cue the reader to such analysis. See Table 10.3 “Phrases of Comparison and Contrast” for examples.

Table 10.3 Phrases of Comparison and Contrast

one similarityone difference
another similarityanother difference
likein contrast
in a similar fashionwhereas

Exercise 3

Create an outline for each of the items you chose in Note 10.72 “Exercise 1” and Note 10.73 “Exercise 2” . Use the point-by-point organizing strategy for one of them, and use the subject organizing strategy for the other.

Writing a Comparison and Contrast Essay

First choose whether you want to compare seemingly disparate subjects, contrast seemingly similar subjects, or compare and contrast subjects. Once you have decided on a topic, introduce it with an engaging opening paragraph. Your thesis should come at the end of the introduction, and it should establish the subjects you will compare, contrast, or both as well as state what can be learned from doing so.

The body of the essay can be organized in one of two ways: by subject or by individual points. The organizing strategy that you choose will depend on, as always, your audience and your purpose. You may also consider your particular approach to the subjects as well as the nature of the subjects themselves; some subjects might better lend themselves to one structure or the other. Make sure to use comparison and contrast phrases to cue the reader to the ways in which you are analyzing the relationship between the subjects.

After you finish analyzing the subjects, write a conclusion that summarizes the main points of the essay and reinforces your thesis. See Chapter 15 “Readings: Examples of Essays” to read a sample compare-and-contrast essay.

Writing at Work

Many business presentations are conducted using comparison and contrast. The organizing strategies—by subject or individual points—could also be used for organizing a presentation. Keep this in mind as a way of organizing your content the next time you or a colleague have to present something at work.

Exercise 4

Choose one of the outlines you created in Note 10.75 “Exercise 3” , and write a full compare-and-contrast essay. Be sure to include an engaging introduction, a clear thesis, well-defined and detailed paragraphs, and a fitting conclusion that ties everything together.

Key Takeaways

  • A compare-and-contrast essay analyzes two subjects by either comparing them, contrasting them, or both.
  • The purpose of writing a comparison or contrast essay is not to state the obvious but rather to illuminate subtle differences or unexpected similarities between two subjects.
  • The thesis should clearly state the subjects that are to be compared, contrasted, or both, and it should state what is to be learned from doing so.
  • There are two main organizing strategies for compare-and-contrast essays.

    1. Organize by the subjects themselves, one then the other.
    2. Organize by individual points, in which you discuss each subject in relation to each point.
  • Use phrases of comparison or phrases of contrast to signal to readers how exactly the two subjects are being analyzed.

This is a derivative of Writing for Success by a publisher who has requested that they and the original author not receive attribution, originally released and is used under CC BY-NC-SA. This work, unless otherwise expressly stated, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License .

  • Home
  • Table of Contents

    • Publisher Information
  • Chapter 1: Introduction to Writing

    • 1.1 Reading and Writing in College
    • 1.2 Developing Study Skills
    • 1.3 Becoming a Successful College Writer
    • 1.4 Introduction to Writing: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 2: Writing Basics: What Makes a Good Sentence?

    • 2.1 Sentence Writing
    • 2.2 Subject-Verb Agreement
    • 2.3 Verb Tense
    • 2.4 Capitalization
    • 2.5 Pronouns
    • 2.6 Adjectives and Adverbs
    • 2.7 Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
    • 2.8 Writing Basics: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 3: Punctuation

    • 3.1 Commas
    • 3.2 Semicolons
    • 3.3 Colons
    • 3.5 Apostrophes
    • 3.6 Parentheses
    • 3.7 Dashes
    • 3.8 Hyphens
    • 3.9 Punctuation: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 4: Working with Words: Which Word Is Right?

    • 4.1 Commonly Confused Words
    • 4.2 Spelling
    • 4.3 Word Choice
    • 4.4 Prefixes and Suffixes
    • 4.5 Synonyms and Antonyms
    • 4.6 Using Context Clues
    • 4.7 Working with Words: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 5: Help for English Language Learners

    • 5.1 Word Order
    • 5.2 Negative Statements
    • 5.3 Count and Noncount Nouns and Articles
    • 5.4 Pronouns
    • 5.5 Verb Tenses
    • 5.6 Modal Auxiliaries
    • 5.7 Prepositions
    • 5.8 Slang and Idioms
    • 5.9 Help for English Language Learners: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 6: Writing Paragraphs: Separating Ideas and Shaping Content

    • 6.1 Purpose, Audience, Tone, and Content
    • 6.2 Effective Means for Writing a Paragraph
    • 6.3 Writing Paragraphs: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 7: Refining Your Writing: How Do I Improve My Writing Technique?

    • 7.1 Sentence Variety
    • 7.2 Coordination and Subordination
    • 7.3 Parallelism
    • 7.4 Refining Your Writing: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 8: The Writing Process: How Do I Begin?

    • 8.1 Apply Prewriting Models
    • 8.2 Outlining
    • 8.3 Drafting
    • 8.4 Revising and Editing
    • 8.5 The Writing Process: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 9: Writing Essays: From Start to Finish

    • 9.1 Developing a Strong, Clear Thesis Statement
    • 9.2 Writing Body Paragraphs
    • 9.3 Organizing Your Writing
    • 9.4 Writing Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs
    • 9.5 Writing Essays: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 10: Rhetorical Modes

    • 10.1 Narration
    • 10.2 Illustration
    • 10.3 Description
    • 10.4 Classification
    • 10.5 Process Analysis
    • 10.6 Definition
    • 10.7 Comparison and Contrast
    • 10.8 Cause and Effect
    • 10.9 Persuasion
    • 10.10 Rhetorical Modes: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 11: Writing from Research: What Will I Learn?

    • 11.1 The Purpose of Research Writing
    • 11.2 Steps in Developing a Research Proposal
    • 11.3 Managing Your Research Project
    • 11.4 Strategies for Gathering Reliable Information
    • 11.5 Critical Thinking and Research Applications
    • 11.6 Writing from Research: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 12: Writing a Research Paper

    • 12.1 Creating a Rough Draft for a Research Paper
    • 12.2 Developing a Final Draft of a Research Paper
    • 12.3 Writing a Research Paper: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 13: APA and MLA Documentation and Formatting

    • 13.1 Formatting a Research Paper
    • 13.2 Citing and Referencing Techniques
    • 13.3 Creating a References Section
    • 13.4 Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Style
    • 13.5 APA and MLA Documentation and Formatting: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 14: Creating Presentations: Sharing Your Ideas

    • 14.1 Organizing a Visual Presentation
    • 14.2 Incorporating Effective Visuals into a Presentation
    • 14.3 Giving a Presentation
    • 14.4 Creating Presentations: End-of-Chapter Exercises
  • Chapter 15: Readings: Examples of Essays

    • 15.1 Introduction to Sample Essays
    • 15.2 Narrative Essay
    • 15.3 Illustration Essay
    • 15.4 Descriptive Essay
    • 15.5 Classification Essay
    • 15.6 Process Analysis Essay
    • 15.7 Definition Essay
    • 15.8 Compare-and-Contrast Essay
    • 15.9 Cause-and-Effect Essay
    • 15.10 Persuasive Essay
    • Please share your supplementary material!

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