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An Overview of Insomnia

– Insomnia is a sleep disorder that can be not being able to fall asleep or not being able to stay asleep. About 60 million people are affected by insomnia every year in adults and in children. Insomnia can be acute or chronic. Acute insomnia can last a few weeks or just one night. Insomnia is defined as chronic when a person can’t sleep at least three nights a week for a month period or longer. Some causes of acute insomnia can include: stress, illness, physical or emotional discomfort, and when sleep schedule is interfered….   [tags: Sleep, Disorder]


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Insomnia: The Sleeplessness

– Insomnia – The Sleeplessness It has been observed that many of us suffer from sleeping problems and the number could be as high as 30% of the entire population. Are sleeping pills reliable. Drugs in most of the cases do not necessarily help you in getting sleep. There are many other options. Some portion of this article might give you helpful insight to the problems related to sleeplessness and frequently waking up from the sleep. At times it is amusing to see many of us resorting to various options to get sleep, instead we should be focussing primarily at simple steps like going to bed when our mind and body are really tired, and if sleeplessness is a regular phenomenon, then we must stay…   [tags: sleep, pills, food, self-control]


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Effects of Insomnia on University Students

– INTRODUCTION This research plan focuses over the most likely effects of insomnia on the day to day life of a university student. Influential factors like lifestyle, physical health and psychological health, predicts the onset of insomnia into one’s life. These factors in turn disturb the equilibrium of life and helps in understanding insomniac affects on academic performance, social life and psychological well being of a university student. In doing so, one can determine the implication of the research and its applicability to the contemporary context….   [tags: Lifestyle, Health, Academic Performance]


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Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia

– Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Insomnia is defined as a “difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning” (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485). The pineal gland in the brain produces melatonin, which relates to the ‘circadian’ rhythms which in time helps control sleep (Gillam, 2009). Through use of polysomnography, researchers find that inadequate sleep may be an effect of a longer period of stage 1 sleep while stages 3 and 4 do not get enough time….   [tags: Health ]


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Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia

– Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia Insomnia, defined as “difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning” (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485), connected with the pineal gland in the brain that produces melatonin that works with ‘circadian’ rhythms, which in time helps control sleep (Gillam, 2009). Through use of polysomnography, researchers find the possibility that a longer period of stage 1 sleep while stages 3 and 4 do not get enough time inadequate sleep causes insomnia….   [tags: Health ]


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Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia

– Insomnia is defined as a “difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning” (APA Dictionary of Pscyhology, 2007, p. 485). The pineal gland in the brain produces melatonin. Melatonin relates to the ‘circadian’ rhythms which in time helps control sleep (Gillam, 2009). Through use of polysomnography, researchers found that inadequate sleep may be an effect of a longer period of stage 1 sleep while shorter sleep of stages 3 and 4 (American Psychiatric Association [DSM-IV-TR], 2000)….   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]


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Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia

– Symptoms and Effects of Primary Insomnia The APA Dictionary of Pscyhology defines insomnia as a “difficulty in initiating or maintaining a restorative sleep that results in fatigue, the severity of persistence of which causes clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning” (VandenBos, 2007, p. 485). The pineal gland in the brain produces melatonin that works with ‘circadian’ rhythms, which in time help control sleep (Gillam, 2009). By use of polysomnography, researchers find that a possible cause of insomina is a longer period of stage 1 sleep and shorter periods of stages 3 and 4….   [tags: Psychology]


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Why Is insomnia on the Rise?

– … This will lead to an increase in the number of days off work and so they will not be earning as much as they need to, leading to unemployment, obesity and mortality [4] as more time is spent being inactive in bed. Depression is one of the main personal issue (and indirectly economical issue) that arises from insomnia [4]. This is because the well being of the sufferer is disturbed which causes a great emotional impact on their peers, especially their family. This again leads to absenteeism from work and more medication being prescribed, creating a further burden on the economy….   [tags: sleeplessness, study in the UK]


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1069 words | (3.1 pages)
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Insomnia, the Trouble of Nights

– People do many activities during day time, adults work; students go to school and study; children play games or homemakers stay at home for daily house works, but everyone do something. Even if some activities are enjoyable, easy or funny after all at the end of the day, people need to sleep to rest their bodies. Sleeping time is an indispensible part of human lives which is needed and spent every single day. Human beings need sleeping to forget tiredness of an ending day mentally and also physically, so they can restart another new day….   [tags: Health, Diseases]


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1317 words | (3.8 pages)
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Stress and Its Relation to Insomnia

– Sleep is essential in our lives. While we are sleeping our bodies heal and rejuvenate and prepare for the next day. However, even though sleep is so vital, 40% of Americans struggle in some way or another with a sleeping disorder. Insomnia is a sleeping disorder in which a person cannot fall asleep or cannot sleep for long periods of time, making it impossible to get a full night’s rest. Insomnia can be generic, chronic, or be caused occasionally by stress. Mental, physical and emotional stresses all contribute to a person’s susceptibility of insomnia….   [tags: Health ]


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Insomnia: The Trouble of Nights

– I am sure that there have been nights where you cannot fall asleep. Well, you are not suffering alone. Forty to seventy million Americans suffer with this sleeping disorder called insomnia. Insomnia is having difficulty falling asleep, may wake up too early, or perhaps wake up periodically throughout the night. Many Americans are losing sleep everyday which is decreasing our health and ability to function the way our bodies are supposed to. Some may or may not have heard of this rising problem. However, those who have insomnia will soon be informed and will know how to help with the issue of insomnia….   [tags: sleeping disorder, depression, anxiety]


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Insomnia and Cognitive Behavior Therapy

– Insomnia can be defined as a purpose or apparent complexity in falling and staying asleep. Dissimilarities in variables used for measurement sleep-onset time, time asleep, and time awake by some, sleepiness, irritability, or other impairment of daytime function by others, make difficult comparisons between studies. The insomnia treatments for which there is confirmation of efficacy include sleep restriction, in which the patient is instructed to remain in bed only as long as he is actually sleeping, stimulus control no activities in the bedroom except sleep and sex, and a variety of relaxation methods, particularly in the circumstance of multimodal sleep clinics (Rowe, 1995)….   [tags: Health, Sleeping Medication]


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Effects of Valerian on Anxiety and Insomnia

– Historically, valerian has been a non-scientific resource for relief from anxiety and insomnia.1 Detrimental effects of FDA approved medications for these symptoms have many professionals questioning whether the most effective and safe resource is available through a supplemental approach. This has led to the investigation of the true effectiveness of the valerian root and its impact on its subjects. In treating anxiety, a peer-reviewed study revealed there was no significant difference between valerian and placebo.2 Valerian was compared to Diazepam using the STAI-Trait scale, revealing that Diazepam produced superior results, yet side effects were similar for both.2 No other research coul…   [tags: Medicine]


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Home Remedies for Insomnia

– Home Remedies for Insomnia After a long and tiring day you come home to relax. But the moment you lie down on your moment you feel that your sleep has vanished and you remain awake the entire night. This is a syndrome of insomnia or sleeplessness. And a common story for most of the people in big and urban cities. Insomnia is a condition in which the person has difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep. Sleep is necessary and important for the body to function normally. This periodic rest is efficient to relief worries and tension….   [tags: Health ]


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Common Treatment for Insomnia

– In recent years a new disease that has raised many concerns is insomnia. Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is categorized into two: primary insomnia, and secondary insomnia. Primary insomnia is defined as a person who just has difficulty with going to sleep, but are not directly associated with other health conditions. Secondary insomnia means a person is having sleep issues because of a primary health condition. Insomnia can range between acute and chronic. People with acute insomnia can be cured by practicing healthy sleep habits….   [tags: sleep, herbal, acupuncture]


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Zolpidem: Helping with Insomnia

– Drugs have been used to aide in sleep for years and years. There are many types of drugs that people use; opting between non-traditional medications such as herbs and vitamins while others opt for the traditional approach in using prescription drugs. This paper will inform and analyze the drug Zolpidem. Zolpidem is used in the treatment of insomnia. Insomnia is often considered to be a prolonged difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep. This paper will outline the background of Zolpidem; going through the history of the drug….   [tags: pharmaceutical drugs for sleep depravation]


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Insomnia and Alzheimer Disease

– 1. A possible condition for insomnia is Alzheimer disease (AD). There is a risk of circadian rhythm disruption in people that may possibly have AD, because this leads to an increase in beta-amyloid plaques in the brain. This is related to cognitive loss as AD progresses (Kang et al, 2009). AD has no definitive test. Blood and urine samples are tested so other medical cases are ruled out. Doctors usually do various tests based on patient’s memory and thinking and also check family backgrounds. If AD is suspected, the patient is made to undergo brain imaging, most likely a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)….   [tags: Alzheimer’s Disease Essays]


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Tips for Outsmarting Insomnia

– For this former insomniac, Shakespeare’s line “to sleep, perchance to dream” soon became “to sleep, perchance to sleep”, and dreams a mere bonus. For years I stumbled through mornings, often entire days, functioning on snippets of rest. I sought strategies and solutions and, fortunately, devised a mix of process, preparation and habit to defeat the sleepless beast. First, the preparation. These are one-time tasks; blocks to set in place as the foundation of your regular sound slumber. In no particular order: 1….   [tags: sleep, bedroom, routine]


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Sleep Insomnia

– Sleeping affects just about every aspect of a person’s life. From their job performance to their mood or level of awareness, sleep is beyond necessary for productiveness. Too little sleep can cause accidents, forgetting the simplest things, and many more issues. It’s vital to have a set sleep schedule and a routine to keep you going day in and day out. However sleeping isn’t so easy for everyone. Insomnia and sleepiness are complex symptoms that are difficult to quantify due to various dimensions that each one presents (Martinez) ….   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]


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Macbeth’s Insomnia

– Sleep, it is hard to live with it constantly robbing most people of about a third of their day, but it’s even harder to deal with the consequences of insomnia. We have all had a time where we couldn’t quite fall asleep one night, but for Macbeth this is a constant issue and in his waking hours he has to deal with this guilt that he has brought upon himself by murdering king Duncan. Insomnia causes a variety of problems in the victim to lose focus, impair social interactions, and other similar issues that ultimately hurt the victim or in Macbeth’s case he is the victim of his own decisions….   [tags: Shakespearean Literature]


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Effects of Intrusive Worrying in Primary insomnia

– Effects of intrusive worrying in Primary insomnia An examination of primary insomnia and normal sleepers was conducted to inquire if intrusive worrying serves as consequences of sleep disturbance. According to Medscape, Primary insomnia is sleeplessness that is not attributable to a medical, psychiatric, or environmental cause. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) set forth five diagnostic criteria for primary insomnia. The main symptom according to the DSM-IV-TR is difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, or suffering from non restorative sleep, for at least one month….   [tags: thought battle, worrisome behavior]


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Overcoming Insomnia: The Effects of Relaxation Techniques

– Stress has often been associated with difficulty falling asleep. “Every night, millions of Americans settle themselves into bed for the sleep they fell they desperately need but they know will not come” (Machlowitz, 1981). They toss and turn in bed, hoping for sleep to overtake them so that they can awaken fresh, not bleary, the following morning. Sleep problems include “difficulty falling asleep, fragmented sleep, and recurrent and frequent nightmares” (Sadeh, Keinan, & Daon, 2004, p. 542). Numerous studies have been done on the causes of insomnia because an estimated 75 million Americans have difficulty falling asleep (Machlowitz, 1981)….   [tags: Diseases/Disorders]


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2266 words | (6.5 pages)
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Insomnia in Men and Women, and the Differences Between Them

– Insomnia in Men and Women, and the Differences Between Them 1 Insomnia in Men and Women, and the Differences Between Them Insomnia in Men and Women, and the Differences Between Them 2 Abstract Having no sleep can lead to unhealthy lives, relationships, one’s ability to function and interact with the world, and an unbalanced state of body, mind, and spirit. Sleep is crucial to an individual because it is a time where the body rests and restores energy and develops important information and without sleep, the body will slowly disintegrate….   [tags: Health ]


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Insomnia

– Insomnia is formally defined as the inability to get the standard amount of sleep. This disease affects 1 in 3 adults every year in the United States (Insomnia). Insomnia is a growing problem that we are learning more about everyday, insomnia makes life very hard for those who are inflicted by it. Prevention of insomnia is rather simple if you learn simple techniques. If you are afflicted by insomnia than cure is rather simple if you are in the care of a good health care provider Insomnia is most commonly found in women and older adults….   [tags: essays research papers]


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Insomnia

– Insomnia Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that plagues millions of people around the globe by not allowing them to sleep. Its severity can range between a couple of days to a couple of months, and is curable in most cases. In any given year, about one-third of all adults suffer from insomnia (Hendrickson 1). Insomnia itself is not a disease, but a symptom of an underlying mental or physical condition of the person. There is not a strict definition for insomnia, but it could be narrowed down to: a person not being able to sleep, having difficulty falling to sleep, or having trouble staying asleep….   [tags: Papers]


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Insomnia

– “Insomnia is the inability to obtain adequate amount or quality of sleep. The difficulty can be with falling asleep, remaining asleep, or both” (“Insomnia Encyclopedia“). Sleeping is a major point in physically and mentally restoring yourself for the tasks ahead. Most people say that about eight hours of sleep is an adequate amount, however it differs from person to person depending on their sex, age, and health conditions. An estimated one-third of the population suffers from some form of insomnia….   [tags: essays research papers fc]


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Insomnia

– Insomnia How many times during the night do we toss and turn, check the clock, and find it ticking away and tell ourselves, "If I could fall asleep right now I would get at least five hours of sleep". But, sleep doesn’t come so we continue to toss and turn. This happens to many people and may suffer from a disorder known as insomnia. People who suffer from this disorder have many complaints, and many have similar symptoms. Symptoms can vary from stress to pain to always feeling tired….   [tags: essays research papers]


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Insomnia

– INTRODUCTION Stephen King’s Number One Best-Seller, Insomnia, is a book about an elderly man named Ralph Roberts who begins to suffer from early waking. This form of insomnia grows into a terrible problem for Ralph as he begins to awaken earlier and earlier each morning. People begin to comment about his health and sickly appearance. Many take it upon themselves to recommend old-fashioned home remedies that aren’t supposed to fail. Ralph attempted everything from staying up all night (much to his dismay, he found himself growing more and more awake as the early morning hours passed) to sucking on honeycomb….   [tags: essays research papers]


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Insomnia

– Insomnia Lying among tousled sheets, eluded by sleep with thoughts racing, many people wrestle with the nightly demon named insomnia. Insomnia is defined as, “the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of one or more of the following: difficulty falling asleep, waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep, waking up too early in the morning, or unrefreshing sleep” (Rajput 1431). Because the definition of “poor-quality sleep” is not the same for every person, it is not easy to determine the frequency and severity of it’s occurrence (Holbrook 216)….   [tags: Papers]


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Insomnia

– Insomnia comes in many forms and worries people of all ages, most commonly for just a night or two, but sometimes for weeks, months, and even years. Insomnia has many causes. Insomnia is a symptom, much like fever or stomachache. There three symptoms commonly shown by people who have insomnia: difficulty falling asleep, no problem falling asleep but difficulty staying asleep with many awakenings, and waking up too early. Difficulty sleeping at night may be related with the following daytime symptoms: sleepiness, anxiety, impaired memory, impaired concentration, and irritability….   [tags: essays research papers]


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Insomnia

– Insomnia Insomnia Almost everyone experiences insomnia now and then. When one believes he must be in bed by a certain time every night or that he needs a certain number of hours of sleep, it may be the very thing that is preventing him from going to sleep (Munson 21). It is unfortunately true that many people still suffer from poor sleep but do not know that there are numerous programs that can help them. Insomnia, which is due to various causes and includes a vaiety of symptoms, can be reduced or eliminated in a number of ways….   [tags: essays research papers]


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Descirbing Insomnia:The Ghosts Keeping You Awake

– Insomnia…How to describe it. Well, that’s a very complicated question. You’re too drowsy to do anything, but too hyper to fall asleep. Frustration and agitation takes over. You want to sleep but you can’t. You want to do something else besides lying there, turning from this side to that. You spend the entire night wondering if you’ll ever fall asleep, then you see the sun rise and you realize you haven’t slept at all but still must perform your everyday duties. You can’t focus; you can’t think straight; all you want to do is sleep….   [tags: sleep, night, monsters]


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Sleep Deprivation and Reduction, Sleep Disorders, and the Drugs used to treat them.

– It is important for everyone to get enough sleep, but many people often ignore it. If people do not get enough sleep they may experience sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation can have negative effects. When people do not get enough sleep or less, they may feel crabby and unable to function as well as they usually do the next day. Balancing work and parenting as a single parent in today’s society is tough. Juggling children, work, taking care of home, and cart the children to extracurricular activities are a lot for one’s plate….   [tags: Health, Insomnia]


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Sleep Disorders and their Cause

– … It can help even more if you treat it just as soon as it starts. If you keep on taking caffeine your insomnia is not going to go away. So if you stop taking it, this may help with your problem. You can change your sleep habits. Also your may recommend medicines or cognitive-behavioral therapy. Sleep apnea is another common sleep disorder. While you are sleeping your breathing stops. This happens because your upper airways block. This causes for you to wake up each hour, interrupting your sleep….   [tags: Insomnia, Apnea]


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Treating Insomnia

– Treating Insomnia Psychologists publish articles describing their research in periodicals called journals. One such study is titled, “Treating Insomnia with A self-Administered Muscle Relaxation Training Program: A Follow-Up by Roland Gustafson. The study involved twelve women and ten men who were recruited by advertisements in a local Swedish newspaper, to take part in testing a new treatment for insomnia. This study explored whether simple self-administered relaxation training would help the subjects produce a state of relaxation to falling and staying asleep….   [tags: essays research papers]


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Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Insomnia

– Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Insomnia Insomnia means having trouble with the quality or quantity of sleep. It can be caused by difficulties in either falling asleep or staying asleep. Self-reported sleeping problems, hating the sleep quality and day time tiredness are the only defining characteristics of insomnia because it is such an individual experience. The concept of good sleep is different from person to person. While the average night’s sleep for an adult is around seven or eight hours, some people only need four, while others like up to 10 hours or more….   [tags: Sleep Disorders]


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The Genetic Disorder Fatal Familial Insomnia

– The Genetic Disorder Fatal Familial Insomnia Fatal familial insomnia is a genetic disorder. It manifests itself by many symptoms due to the degeneration of a certain part of the brain, the thalamus. The disease also results in the formation of amyloid plaques. This is the build up of a waxy substance made of proteins associated with polysaccharides. The disease is a result of a mutation of a normal protein that is associated with brain tissue. This is the prion protein. In the case of fatal familial insomnia, the mutation occurs 178 amino acids into the normal protein….   [tags: Papers]


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How Sleep Disorders Change a Day and Night

– Imagine being that person who can’t fall asleep or not having control over when you’re about to fall asleep, these might be scenario but for “100 million Americans who suffer from these disorders” it’s reality. This is a medical condition called somnipathy or more commonly known as a sleep disorder, which can affect a persons sleeping pattern if there are severe effects. There are many sleep disorders but the most common ones people know about are Insomnia, Sleep apnea, night terrors, and Narcolepsy….   [tags: symnipathy. REM. insomnia]


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The Effects of a Lack of Sleep

– … This may leave the person feeling tired and burnt out and not having the energy to burn off the extra calories. (University of Chicago) Sleep deprivation studies in adolescent health, as well as adult health are linked to a large range of negative outcomes. In the adolescent studies researchers have discovered out of 14,382 subjects with fifty percent females; the youth that slept five or less hours were more prone to violent delinquency behaviors than the youth that slept the recommended 8-10 hours….   [tags: insomnia, sleep disorders]


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Common Sleep Disorders and Their Profound Effects

– … Insomnia can be caused by many factors such as poor sleep habits, watching TV in bed, or not having set bedtime routine. Stimulants such as nicotine and caffeine can affect the amount of sleep you get. Insomnia can be short lived, often due to stress, or can become chronic due to depression or chronic pain. Symptoms vary from person to person. A few common symptoms are feeling tired, grumpy and waking up too early in the morning feeling tired. About 1 out of 10 adults experience chronic insomnia at least three nights each week for a month or longer (Mahowald & Schenck, 2005; National Sleep Foundation, 2005 p 155)….   [tags: insomnia, narcolepsy, apnea]


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How Temperature Affects Speed of Falling Asleep

– How does temperature affect the speed of falling asleep. Insomnia related sleep problems impact 30% of American adults( Doheny). Many people with insomnia problems typically try traditional solutions for their sleep like a glass of warm milk, avoiding caffeine and a schedule but what about a room temperature. When you go to sleep your body’s wanted core temperature is decreased( Doheny). This drop in core temperature is what induces sleep(Bucklan). Though debated to be in ranges of 65°F-75°F and 60°F-68°F however, many doctors recommend the median of about 65°F room temperature when sleeping….   [tags: insomnia, cold, energy]


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Sleep is a Vital Part of Life

– Sleep is a part of daily routine that is vital for a person to be able to function adequately throughout the day. Without a sufficient amount of sleep, or problems during sleep, a person could have a tougher time trying to focus and operate throughout the course of the day. There are two major categories of sleep disorders: dyssomnias and parasomnias. • Dyssomnia is more focused on conflicts when trying to sleep or staying up. It could be instances such as waking up throughout the night, suddenly falling asleep during the day, or failing to breathe for a moment when sleeping….   [tags: insomnia, narcolepsy, apnea]


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Hope and Desolation in Biographies by Frank Kafka and Jorge Luis Borges

– Regarding these two stories of hope and desolation, it is very importent to throw the biography of their creators which are no less popular as their books. Combining the events of both Borges’ and Kafka’s life in the post world war I era, the stories provide a grim picture of the world but there lies an element of hope that is gradually realized in the end. Characters in Kafka’s story go through life changing events which alter their whole outlook in the system that governs them, some moved, some very hopeful….   [tags: insomnia, torture, relatioships]


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Bellamy’s Vision of the 2000’s in Looking Backward

– The book Looking Backward is about Julian West, a thirty-year-old insomnia patient born into the 1800’s. During the 19th century, the majority of the world was impoverished and the wealthy people wanted to help but they believed that there was no way to do so without losing their wealth. Julian planned to marry his fiancé, Edith Bartlett when their house was built but there were many builder strikes going on at the time and the house wasn’t going to be built for another year so their marriage was also delayed….   [tags: insomnia, government, education]


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Suffering from Sleep Disorder

– … • Often get told by other that you look tired. • React slowly. • Have trouble controlling your emotions. • Feel like you have to take a nap almost every day. • Require caffeinated beverages to keep you going. What is some symptom of sleep disorder. Some symptoms are: • Insomnia: is trouble falling asleep or staying asleep through the night. This can be caused by a plethora of psychological and physical factors includes the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep at night, waking up earlier than usual and daytime fatigue and delayed sleep-phase syndrome, hypnotic/stimulant-dependent sleep disorder, depression, and heavy smoking….   [tags: insomnia, narcolepsy, energy]


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Deaths Due to Stress

– … Normally, when you’re antisocial, you isolate everyone. You set yourself aside from the world and drown yourself in the darkness of an empty room. This causes unusual sleep problems which can cause a person to sleep way less than needed. In order to solve this, teens should build more confidence – let loose. They should just live instead of keeping it all to themselves and get stuck in a never ending hole of depression and anxiety. When they let it all go and socialize, their stress levels may become normal….   [tags: insomnia, sleep problems]


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Sleep Habits among Teens

– People often tend to believe that teenagers do not sleep simply because they do not want to. Is this really the case, or is there something preventing them from being able to sleep. For the past three years, I have had trouble sleeping. Regardless of what time I go to bed, it is literally impossible for me to fall asleep before midnight, and often much later. Once I finally do fall asleep, I cannot stay asleep for more than an hour at a time. This has taken a tremendous toll on me. It makes it hard for me to get to school on time and stay awake during class, causing my grades to drop….   [tags: health, medical, insomnia]


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Zombies are real!

– have you ever wondered if zombies were real. Or are they just another object to kill in video games. People can turn into zombies if they don’t get enough sleep at night. Lifestyle, health, and the environment can all cause someone to have insomnia. A person’s environment will affect his or her sleep. The amount of stress someone is carrying, the temperature, and lighting all contribute to the sleeping environment. “Concerns about work, school, health or family can keep a person’s mind active at night, making it difficult to sleep….   [tags: Stress, Sleep Patterns, Insomnia]


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Who Needs Sleep?

– … This is especially hard when people travel a lot. The mind and body need to adjust to the new time, routine which can be difficult depending on people’s mind set. The ability to sleep comes naturally for most people. They have their nightly routine, read or watch television, and fall asleep. But for one in 10 American adults they cannot sleep due to chronic insomnia (Kloc). People suffer every day from sleep deprivation, especially a family who is genetically cursed with disorder that robs them of all their sleep….   [tags: effects of overwork and insomnia]


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Sleep Disorders: Rapid Eye Movement

– “Sleep disorders appear to be a global epidemic, affecting up to 45% of the world’s population” (Noor, et al n.p.). That’s leaving a 55% chunk of the world’s population not affected. More than 70 million people in our nation experience sleep disorders, most of whom are unaware of the impact on their daily life (Wells,Vaughn 234). Due to a large portion of people being unaware of sleep disorders’ impaction, the number continuously increases. Major sleep disorders are known to be Rapid Eye Movement(REM), Insomnia, and Obstructive Sleep Apnea(OSA)….   [tags: disruptive sleep, success, achievement, insomnia]


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Importance of Sleep and Sleep Behavior

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Researchers Identify Brain Differences Linked to Insomnia – 02/28/2014

Researchers Identify Brain Differences Linked to Insomnia

Increased brain plasticity in motor cortex distinguishes poor sleepers from good ones

Release Date: February 28, 2014

Johns Hopkins researchers report that people with chronic insomnia show more plasticity and activity than good sleepers in the part of the brain that controls movement.

“Insomnia is not a nighttime disorder,” says study leader Rachel E. Salas, M.D., an assistant professor of neurology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. “It’s a 24-hour brain condition, like a light switch that is always on. Our research adds information about differences in the brain associated with it.”

Salas and her team, reporting in the March issue of the journal Sleep, found that the motor cortex in those with chronic insomnia was more adaptable to change – more plastic – than in a group of good sleepers. They also found more “excitability” among neurons in the same region of the brain among those with chronic insomnia, adding evidence to the notion that insomniacs are in a constant state of heightened information processing that may interfere with sleep.

Researchers say they hope their study opens the door to better diagnosis and treatment of the most common and often intractable sleep disorder that affects an estimated 15 percent of the United States population.

To conduct the study, Salas and her colleagues from the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), which painlessly and noninvasively delivers electromagnetic currents to precise locations in the brain and can temporarily and safely disrupt the function of the targeted area. TMS is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat some patients with depression by stimulating nerve cells in the region of the brain involved in mood control.

The study included 28 adult participants – 18 who suffered from insomnia for a year or more and 10 considered good sleepers with no reports of trouble sleeping. Each participant was outfitted with electrodes on their dominant thumb as well as an accelerometer to measure the speed and direction of the thumb.

The researchers then gave each subject 65 electrical pulses using TMS, stimulating areas of the motor cortex and watching for involuntary thumb movements linked to the stimulation. Subsequently, the researchers trained each participant for 30 minutes, teaching them to move their thumb in the opposite direction of the original involuntary movement. They then introduced the electrical pulses once again.

The idea was to measure the extent to which participants’ brains could learn to move their thumbs involuntarily in the newly trained direction. The more the thumb was able to move in the new direction, the more likely their motor cortexes could be identified as more plastic.

Because lack of sleep at night has been linked to decreased memory and concentration during the day, Salas and her colleagues suspected that the brains of good sleepers could be more easily retrained. The results, however, were the opposite. The researchers found much more plasticity in the brains of those with chronic insomnia.

Salas says the origins of increased plasticity in insomniacs are unclear, and it is not known whether the increase is the cause of insomnia. It is also unknown whether this increased plasticity is beneficial, the source of the problem or part of a compensatory mechanism to address the consequences of sleep deprivation associated with chronic insomnia. Patients with chronic phantom pain after limb amputation and with dystonia, a neurological movement disorder in which sustained muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements, also have increased brain plasticity in the motor cortex, but to detrimental effect.

Salas says it is possible that the dysregulation of arousal described in chronic insomnia – increased metabolism, increased cortisol levels, constant worrying – might be linked to increased plasticity in some way. Diagnosing insomnia is solely based on what the patient reports to the provider; there is no objective test. Neither is there a single treatment that works for all people with insomnia. Treatment can be a hit or miss in many patients, Salas says.

She says this study shows that TMS may be able to play a role in diagnosing insomnia, and more importantly, she says, potentially prove to be a treatment for insomnia, perhaps through reducing excitability.

The study was supported by the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R01 HD053793) and the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (R01AR054871 and R01AR059410).

Other Johns Hopkins researchers involved in the research include Joseph M. Galea, Ph.D.; Alyssa A. Gamaldo, Ph.D.; Charlene E. Gamaldo, M.D.; Richard P. Allen, Ph.D.; Michael T. Smith, Ph.D.; Gabriela Cantarero, Ph.D.; Barbara D. Lam; and Pablo A. Celnik, M.D.

On the Web:

Rachel E. Salas, M.D.

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