Pro Choice View On Abortion Philosophy Essay

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Essay on Abortion

Type of paper: Essays

  Subject:  Medicine, Philosophy, Society & Family  Words:  2879

An Overview of Abortion

Abortion refers to the termination of a pregnancy by removing or expelling the fetus or embryo from the uterus before it is ready for birth. There are two major forms of abortion: spontaneous, which is often referred to as a miscarriage or the purposeful abortion, which is often induced abortion. The term abortion is commonly used to refer to the induced abortion, and this is the abortion, which has been filled with controversy. In the developed nations, induced abortions are the safest form of medical procedures in medicine if they are conducted under the local law. Thus, abortions are arguably the most common medical procedures in the United States annually. More than 40 percent of women confirm that they have terminated a pregnancy at least once in their reproductive life. Abortions are conducted by women from all forms of life; however, the typical woman who terminates her pregnancy may either be white, young, poor, unmarried, or over the age of 40 years (Berer, 2004). Therefore, citing the grounds on which abortions are conducted, there are numerous instances of unsafe abortions, which are conducted either by untrained persons or outside the medical profession.

In the United States and the world in general, abortion remains widespread. The United States Supreme Court ratified the legalization of abortion in an effort to make the procedure safer; this was done through the Roe v. Wade decision of 1973. However, abortions are the most risky procedures and are responsible for over 75 thousand maternal deaths and over 5 million disabilities annually. In the United States alone, between 20 and 30 million abortions are conducted annually, and out of this number, between 10 and 20 million abortions are performed in an unsafe manner (Berer, 2004). These illegal abortions are conducted in an unsafe manner; therefore, they contribute to 14 percent of all deaths or women; this arises mainly due to severe complications. This has led to increasing controversy citing the large numbers of abortions that are conducted annually. However, there is a hope since the improvement in the access and quality of medical services has reduced the incidence of abortion because of easier access of family planning education and the use of contraceptives (Jones, Darroch, Henshaw, 2002). However, the large numbers of abortions, more so, the illegal abortions continue to be alarming. Despite the introduction of more effective contraceptives, and their widespread availability, more than half of the pregnancies conceived in the United States are considered unplanned. Out of these pregnancies, half are aborted. Thus, abortion remains an issue in the society.

Is abortion a social issue?

Conflict theorists emphasize that coercion, change, domination, and conflict in society are inevitable. The conflict standpoint is based on the notion that the society is comprised of different groups who are in a constant struggle with one another for the access of scarce and valuable resources; these may either be money, prestige, power, or the authority to enforce one’s value on the society. The conflict theorists argue that a conflict exists in the society when a group of people who on believing that their interests are not being met, or that they are not receiving a fair share of the society’s resources, works to counter what they perceive as a disadvantage.

Prior to 1973, abortion was illegal in the United States, unless in situations where a woman’s health was at stake. If the doctor indicated, a woman had the option of choosing to terminate her pregnancy, and the doctor would carry out the abortion without any of them violating the law. However, in March 1970, Jane Roe, an unmarried woman from Dallas County, Texas, initiated a federal action against the county’s District Attorney. Roe sought a judgment that would declare the Texas criminal abortion legislation unconstitutional on their face, and seek an injunction, which would prevent the defendant from implementing the statutes.

Joe asserted that she was an unmarried, but pregnant lady; she wished to terminate her pregnancy by seeking the services of a professional and licensed practitioner under safe clinical environment. However, she noted that she was unable to contract the service since she was not able to get access to a legal abortion in Texas since her life was not under any form of threat from the pregnancy. Furthermore, Joe stated that she was not in a financial position to travel to another state to secure a safe abortion. She argued that the Texas statute was unconstitutional and vague, and was in contravention of her right of her right to privacy, which was guaranteed by the First, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments. Joe purported to sue on her behalf and on behalf of all other women who were in a similar situation to hers.

There are critical observations from Joe’s arguments; women who do not to have a baby should not be forced to have one. A pregnancy is a blessing if it is planned; however, a forced pregnancy is similar to any form of bodily invasion, and is abhorrence to the American values and traditions (Schwarz, 1990). Therefore, the United States constitution protects women from a forced pregnancy in a similar way that the constitution cannot force an American citizen to donate his or her bone marrow or to contribute a kidney to another. The Supreme Court looked into the facts and evidence of the case, and ruled that Roe was right, and her rights to privacy were violated; therefore, the Court decreed that all women had a right to a legal and safe abortion on demand. There was joy throughout America from the modern women; the ruling was seen as a massive step towards women’s rights. However, many years have passed since the Roe v. Wade, and abortion has remained one of the most contentious issues in the United States and the world. The ruling was of similar magnitude to the women’s suffrage, and almost as controversial. It has freed women from dependency, fear, threat of injury, and ill health; it has given women the power to shape their lives.

The social ramifications of the case and the social and moral ones have continued to affect the two sides of the abortion debate. The people who thought that the 7-2 majority ruling in favor of abortion were overly optimistic; abortion has become one of the most emotional, and controversial political debate. Prior to Roe v. wade ruling, women who had abortions risked suffering from pain, death, serious injury, prosecution, and sterility. Presently, abortion is safer, cheaper, and a more common phenomenon. The legalization of abortion has created other reasons for securing abortions; women are being coerced by their boyfriends and husbands who are unwilling to become fathers due to financial pressures, the panic of losing a job, quitting school, becoming homeless, or out of fear of being kicked out into the street (Schwarz, 1990). Abortion, which is based on this reasons often leads to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder; this occurs when a woman is not able to work through her emotional imbalances resulting from the trauma of an abortion. This can have severe results such as depression, eating disorders, and in severe cases, it can result in suicide. Women who secure an abortion out of their free will have no remorse and are happy that they made the choice; however, a number of women state that abortion affected them negatively.

Thus, it can be argued that abortion is a social issue. Based on the sociological imagination, people’s behaviors and attitudes should be perceived in the context of the social forces that shape the actions. Wright Mills developed the theory, and he emphasized that the changes in the society have a massive effect on our lives. Prior to 1970, legal abortions were unheard in the United States and people perceived abortion as a despicable act. However, once the law changed allowing doctors to conduct legal abortions, the people’s attitudes changed. To prove the fact that abortion is a social issue, we have to look at the components of a social issue. A social issue is an aspect of the society that concerns the people and would like it changed. It is comprised of two components: the objective condition, which is an aspect of the society that can be measured. The objective condition in the case of abortion entails the question whether abortions are legal, who obtains an abortion, and under what circumstances is an abortion secured (Henslin, 2008). The second component is the subjective condition; this is the concern that a significant number of people have about the objective condition. In the case of abortion, the subjective condition entails some people’s distress that a pregnant woman must carry the unwanted baby to full term (Henslin, 2008). It also includes the distress that a woman can terminate her pregnancy on demand. Thus, abortion is a social issue.

Controversy Surrounding Abortion

Abortion, human cloning, and evolution are all human issues that are very controversial. Christians’ believe in life after death. They also believe that life begins immediately at conception. Buddhists believe in reincarnation while atheists do not believe in God tend to be supporters of the right to choose. This means that perception and focus are the key issues when people from any faith choose to be supporters or opponents of any controversial issue like abortion. If an individual decides to focus on one part of the story, then definitely there will be a distorted representation of what they support. The result is that there will be people who are neutral or ignorant on abortion while others choose to support abortions as others oppose the act.

Groups’ strongly opposing or supporting abortions have completely varying opinions on the subject. It is vital to note that an individual may either be a strong supporter or oppose the act since any compromise means a choice of life over death and vice versa. This strange facet of abortion makes it a very controversial act and subject because both supporters and opponents meet nowhere. Personal faiths through religion make them view the subject differently. Some believe that a woman has the right to make an absolute choice, thus; the right to choose is more prevalent to those supporting abortion. However, for the opponents, they support the constitutional and human right to life. It is vital to note that both pro-choice and pro-life groups rely on the constitution like the Fourteenth Amendment, human rights, and scientific facts (Knapp, 2001).

In the 1973 case of Roe v. Wade, the U.S Supreme court ruled that the woman has the right to make a choice giving support to the pro-choice groups that support abortion. This meant that, the fetus has no rights and is at the indispensable mercy of the mother. The rights of the state and the fetus cannot overrule the choice that the mother has made. In another case in 1992, Roe in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the US Supreme Court maintained that a woman has the power and the right to commit an abortion (Knapp, 2001).

Pro-choice supporters argue that those campaigning against abortion consume a lot of resources and effort. They feel that there are so many women who are living in total paucity and misery because they were coerced to deliver children who are unwanted. The resources spent by the anti-abortion campaigns can be used to support the social welfare of those women and relive them out of their misery. According to Knapp (2001), every day, almost 50,000 children die because of lack of food, medicine, shelter, and clothing. Today, the population stands at 7 billion meaning that there is an impending disaster because the resource is continually being depleted. Any unwanted baby may adversely affect the natural balance of resources to persons. It is estimated that, the development around the globe will have to slow down because there will be more mouths to feed than before.

Pro-choice supporters believe that every human being has the right to political, sexual, and reproductive freedom. Pro-life supporters should note that they are supporting and protecting their religious freedoms. It is important to note that the church and the state have to separate. This implies that any anti-abortion law should be critically re-examined since it may merge the church and state. This is not legal because people make a personal choice as to the faith of affiliation while the state is supposed to respect everyone irrespective of faith.

In the Roe v. Casey ruling of 1992, the woman has the absolute choice to dictate what she wants to do with her body. Pro-choice supporters argue that this makes a woman to be a lesser being than the fetus she is carrying. According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), “forcing a woman to carry an unwanted fetus is like forcing a person to be cloned in order to save another life with the extra organs.” This is completely wrong considering that one’s body will be used without her consent to aid the prosperity of another life. The rights of a woman exceed those of the fetus she is carrying because the woman is independent and is a social entity, unlike the fetus. For many centuries, many women have been rated as having unequal rights to men. Abortion is the only avenue that can make them regain a socio-economic status equal to that of men. Women can access better education, housing, and jobs only if they are in a position of controlling the sexual and reproductive rights.

Debate Surrounding Abortion

Legal Debate

Pro-choice advocates argue that abortion should be legalized to reduce the chances of unsafe abortions. A study carried out by the World Health Organization showed that most of the unsafe abortions occur in countries where abortion is illegal (Knapp, 2001). In countries like the Republic of Ireland, abortion is illegal, in the United States of America; abortion is legal while, in Canada, it can be performed upon demand, or consent.

Ethical Debate

An ethical analysis on abortion seeks to establish what is right or wrong about abortion. This ethical debate sheds light over the validity of the rights of the fetus versus those of the mother. In terms of personhood, a fetus is not aware of self, does not think, and is therefore, dependent on the mother. This means that the mother has an absolute right on choice over what to with the fetus. At certain epochs, pro-life supporters have supported selective abortion. This means that they support abortion if a fetus poses a danger to the mother, if the baby was conceived without the mother’s consent like in cases of rape, contraceptive failure, or incest. The other case is where the fetus may be having severe deformities due to diseases, mental of physical defects. Other cases happen when a mother involuntarily aborts because of starvation or malnutrition. This sparks a debate within the pro-life supporters who are assumed the “undecided lot.”

On the contrary, pro-life supporters assume that fetuses are human, and they are subjected to a lot of pain in the event of an abortion. It is wrong to assume that a fetus is not a human being since it does not talk, or is not a social entity. Pro-life supporters also argue that a fetus is a potential life and any threat to it is breaking a fundamental right to life that is entrenched in almost all constitutions across the world. Pro-choice supporters posit that abortion is an act of unjust discrimination to the unborn and that this acts deprives them to the access to a valuable future.

Conclusion

In conclusion, prior to 1973, abortion was illegal and was only applicable legally as an option only when the mother’s life was in danger. However, the Supreme Court’s ruling on Roe v. Wade case changed all this; women perceived the ruling as a liberating to them. However, the legalization of abortion came with its own controversies, and it has even been labeled a social problem in the United States and the world over. However, it is critical to note that abortion or no abortion, persons have to take a keen look at the problems facing the society today and make a responsible choice. Today, we are 7 billion people, resources are overstretched, the world economy is weakening, and nations are growing unstable. Any person who thinks of bringing an unwanted child into the world without careful consideration should be aware of the consequences of the hard life. Every nation has a national budget in order to account and cater for everyone. On the same note, every parent or teenager should have a responsible plan for life. If every act is unaccounted for, then the number of children losing their lives due to paucity is set to increase tremendously. It is good to care for what we can see instead of spending valuable resources campaigning for fetuses that are yet to claim an entity in the social arena.

References

Berer, M. (2004). National laws and unsafe abortion: the parameters of change. Reproductive Health Matters, 12(24): 1–8.

Henslin, J. M. (2008). Social Problems: A Down-To-Earth Approach. (8 ed.). New York, NY: Longman Publishers.

Jones, R. K., Darroch, J. E., Henshaw, S. K. (2002). Contraceptive Use among U.S. Women Having Abortions in 2000-2001. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 34(6): 294–303.

Knapp, L. (2001). Controversy: The Abortion Controversy. Michigan: Greenhaven Press.

Schwarz, S. D. (1990). The Moral Question of Abortion. Chicago: Loyola University Press.

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Abortion is Not Moral

– Abortion; as defined by Merriam-Webster dictionary is, “the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus. This is the definition of abortion of which I will be reviewing its ethical status. After Roe vs Wade, the supreme court simultaneously decided that women have the right of privacy under the 14th amendment; making it acceptable to abort a pregnancy within the first trimester (Vaughn 119). The main argument on abortion is really a debate on human life, and whether it has value from the moment of conception….   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]


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1033 words | (3 pages)
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Philosophy and the Morality of Abortion

– Many arguments in the abortion debate assume that the morality of abortion depends upon the moral status of the foetus. While I regard the moral status of the foetus as important, it is not the central issue that determines the moral justifiability of abortion. The foetus may be awarded a level of moral status, nevertheless, such status does not result in the prescription of a set moral judgement. As with many morally significant issues, there are competing interests and a variety of possible outcomes that need to be considered when making a moral judgement on abortion….   [tags: Abortion Essays]


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1931 words | (5.5 pages)
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Abortion: Women Need a Choice

– real names Today, in the United States of America, abortion has become a political issue, rather than the intimate choice of a woman. The battle for a woman’s rights to her own womb has become desperate. Both sides of the issue are relentless in their efforts to gain momentum in their movement and to get people to react. That being said, abortion isn’t a new issue because of Roe v. Wade of 1973. The Roe v. Wade decision was the first step, and the first time where women could do as they wish with their body in a safe, legal manner….   [tags: Pro Abortion]


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1727 words | (4.9 pages)
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Is Abortion Moral or Immoral?

– “Is abortion moral or immoral?” We yet have not acquired an answer to this question. Infer by that, we defend about the nature and the moral status of the fetus. In the other word, should we or should we not. Don Marquis as well as Bonnie Steinbock embraces with the argument of their own, which point out the morality of abortion. Don Marquis upholds the fact of since abortion deprives the fetus of a future like ours therefore most abortion is morally wrong. He adheres in his article “abortion is, except possibly in rare cases, seriously immoral”, what he meant was that not all abortions are wrong….   [tags: Abortion Essays]


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1123 words | (3.2 pages)
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Solutions to the Abortion Problem in America

– Solutions to the Abortion Problem in America Abortion in America is a huge issue that is causing much turmoil between the communities in America. Some people feel this way and some people feel another. I am personally for pro-choice, which means I am against abortion unless it is to save a mothers life due to medical problems. Through research I found that there are many things available that are being done to try and cut the rate of abortion in America and yet I feel that there is still so much more that can be done….   [tags: Abortion]


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1453 words | (4.2 pages)
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Reproduction and Abortion Rights in Poland

– Should a woman have control over her body, and with that make reproductive choices. Reproduction and abortion have been a controversial topic for over fifty years. Some people argue pro-life while others argue pro-choice. Who should have the right to choose for women. Poland, along with many other Central-Eastern European countries, believe that the choice should be in the hands of the state, government, and more importantly the church. Poland is located in central-eastern Europe, and had approximately 38.7 million people as of 2003 (Center For Reproductive Rights, 2003)….   [tags: Abortion Essays]


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1455 words | (4.2 pages)
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Abortion Should Remain Legal

– The average woman is pregnant for 38 weeks. However, what if a woman decides she no longer wants to follow through with her pregnancy. If a woman chooses to no longer be pregnant; abortion has become a popular way to terminate a pregnancy. There can be many reasons as to why a woman might have an abortion. It may be due to an unwanted pregnancy, health issues with the mother that will cause her sickness throughout the pregnancy, inability to care for a child, ectopic pregnancy, and even awareness of life threatening illnesses that will not allow the baby to live outside of the womb….   [tags: Argument For Abortion]


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3146 words | (9 pages)
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Abortion Must Be Legal

– Throughout history there have been major decisions that have to be made. Those decisions define the society that makes them. Today in Americans history we have two or three decisions that could change how people look back at us. Abortion is one of the major topics talked about by everyone; from politicians to teenagers, everyone has their own opinions, but not many people can back up there argument with facts or statistics. They can’t say for example what the cost of living in a major city is for a single parent with two kids is….   [tags: Abortion Essay]


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1210 words | (3.5 pages)
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Mens Rights Concerning Abortion

– Abortion is sometimes used as a way to discontinue a pregnancy that a female decides she is not wanting to proceed with. Harris makes an argument on a number of cases where a female lies to her companion about pursuing a life involving birthing an infant. In the Decision To Abort article it states, “Harris’s argument for this position rests on his discussion of a series of cases in which a woman lies to her partner about her desire to have children. She then becomes pregnant, accidentally. Upon learning of her pregnancy, her partner begs her to carry this fetus to term….   [tags: Abortion Essays]


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953 words | (2.7 pages)
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Abortion: Roe v. Wade

– ABORTION      Abortion has always been an extremely controversial issue. There are, and will probably always be many different views concerning the ethical acceptability as well as the social policy aspects of abortion. In fact, before the decision made in the famous court case of Roe v. Wade, abortion was morally wrong and was constituted as a crime that could lead to a prison sentence of up to five years. In Roe v. Wade, many unsettled questions were avowed and discussed.      Is the Texas law banning abortion unconstitutional….   [tags: Abortion]


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492 words | (1.4 pages)
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Abortion is Immoral

– For centuries society has placed their own opinions on the topic of abortion. Some claim to be Pro Choice, and believe that the decision should lie only in the hands of the woman carrying the child. Others are Pro Life, and say that abortion is unethical and is considered as a form of homicide. All depending on one’s human dignity, the argument differs. Human dignity is the sense of self-worth and self-respect that one inhabits. With this being said, the way one feels about themselves as a human-being, as well as other human-beings, has an effect on one’s outlook on abortion….   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]


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1514 words | (4.3 pages)
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What Are A Father’s Rights Concerning an Abortion

– Women that push for an abortion do not always have a partner that agrees and supports their decision for terminating the pregnancy. If the father is willing to support and care for the fetus, it is wrong for a woman to go against his wishes and follow through with an abortion. For a father to want to be involved in the fetus’s life means he is willing to take on the responsibilities of having a child so he should have a say if his fetus should be terminated or not. The Becoming A Father/Refusing Fatherhood article states, “To be a father-as-progenitor a man simply has to provide the sperm that leads to conception, whereas to be a father-as-carer a man has to take on a variety of social roles…   [tags: Abortion Essays]


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1066 words | (3 pages)
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Abortion Is Murder

– The topic of abortion is an extremely controversial issue in today’s society, there are many separate views on the morality of it. Abortion is defined as the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy (“Abortion”). In other words, it is the murder of an unborn child. Throughout the past there has been several court cases related to abortion, in attempt to resolve the debate. For example, Roe v. Wade declared that unborn children are neither ‘persons’ nor are they entitled to the same constitutional protection as born children (“Roe V….   [tags: Abortion Pro Life Essays]


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1290 words | (3.7 pages)
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Abortion in Canada

– Abortion is the termination of a human pregnancy that does not end in birth of a child. There are two types of abortion-medical abortion and surgical abortion. Medical abortion can be done before 49 days of pregnancy by using pharmaceutical drugs. Surgical abortion takes place by using surgical instruments between 6-14 weeks of pregnancy. Both methods are safe. It depends on the size of fetus and week of pregnancy. An abortion, which is the removal of a fetus from a woman’s body, should be allowed because of women’ s freedom, life opportunities and victim protection….   [tags: Argument For Abortion, Pro Choice]


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1531 words | (4.4 pages)
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Adoption, NOT Abortion

– Nowadays, abortion has become a controversial issue because people are becoming more aware of the issue that abortion brings to society and the individual who is going through the abortion .In recent years, however, society has become very open-minded, and as a result pro-life and pro-choice groups have been able to sway the American public’s view of abortion. Abortion became legal in 1973 when Roe vs. Wade declared that a woman has the right to choose if she wishes to continue with her pregnancy or if she wishes to terminate it….   [tags: Abortion, argumentative, persuasive]


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928 words | (2.7 pages)
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Pro- Abortion and the Rights of the Mother

– Abortion is a controversial subject in today’s world. One side believes that taking away the right to have an abortion is taking away the rights of the mother. On the other hand people view abortion as the innocent killing of a human being. (p.31OpposingViewpoints) The Roe vs. Wade trial declared the procedure a “fundamental right” on Jan. 22 1973(p.7RoeW.Wade)The mother has the right to choose what is best for her baby. Abortion is justified because it could be in the family’s best interest (p.103OpposingViewpoints)….   [tags: mother, abortion, interest, baby]


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617 words | (1.8 pages)
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Abortion Is Murder

– Abortion is one of the most controversial issues in the United States. I feel that the pro-life side of this argument needs to be addressed and further explained. There are some babies that die by chance , but they should never die because of someone’s else choice. All of us alive today could have been an aborted baby and never been given the chance to live life. But luckily for us, our mothers chose life. The definition of abortion according to the Merriam Webster Dictionary is the deliberate termination of human pregnancy….   [tags: Anti Abortion Essay]


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925 words | (2.6 pages)
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The Abortion Debate

– Abortion is the act of deliberately causing death to an unborn baby (Abortion 1). When dealing with genetics and other life sciences it can be proven that a new and completely unique human being comes into existence within the instant of conception (When Does Life Begin. When Does 1). Within 5-6 weeks the baby will have begun to live inside his or her mother. During this time, which is when the mother usually discovers the pregnancy, the baby will have already begun to metabolize nutrition, excrete waste, move, grow, and numerous other acts….   [tags: Pros and Cons of Abortion]


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1234 words | (3.5 pages)
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Abortion Is Murder

– An innocent child is killed because the mother is not prepared for a baby at that time in her life. Is it right for her to terminate her pregnancy because she doesn’t want to raise a child. Abortion should be banned because too many babies are being killed from abortion, baby’s have been reported to survive abortions, and if you don’t want a child or you don’t feel you could raise it you could always put it up for adoption. Some people believe that when an abortion is performed that the baby is not developed, or as some say, “a bunch of cells”, but the truth is that before a women even knows she is pregnant, about four days missed cycle, that a baby already has a beating heart at 18 days….   [tags: Abortion Pro Life Essays]


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1172 words | (3.3 pages)
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History of Abortion in the United States

– Before 1820 abortion was legal and practiced, despite the fact that it was a dangerous procedure and more often than not resulted in the death of the mother. it wasn’t until after 1821 that abortion started to become regulated and laws were set in place (lewis 2011). in 1879 the first law to be set up was in Connecticut, it was targeted towards merchants that sold poisons to cause miscarriages and drugs to prevent pregnancy and banned the use of the products. By the late 1800s even though abortion was illegal in most states it was still done under the table….   [tags: Abortion Pros and Cons]


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974 words | (2.8 pages)
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Mifeprestone RU-486: The Abortion Pill

– “One woman dies every 7 minutes around the world due to an unsafe illegal abortion” (Abortion Statistics). Laws against abortion do not stop abortion; they just make them less safe. “For over 15 years, medical evidence has indicated that mifepristone is as safe or safer than commonly used medications” (Mifepristone Safety Overview). Mifepristone, also known as “RU-486” or the “abortion pill” is a prescription drug that is used to end a pregnancy that is less than seven weeks along. Mifepristone has been used, in combination with other medications for medical abortions since 1988….   [tags: pregnancy, abortion, medication]


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727 words | (2.1 pages)
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Abortion is Moral

– Suppose there exists a country, referred to in this paper as Country X, where women are believed to be the inferior sex. As a result, women are not afforded the rights and freedoms their male counterparts enjoy. For instance, they have no control over the social, political, or economic sectors of their lives and receive a very limited education. A female resident of Country X finds herself pregnant with a healthy female fetus that she intends to abort, her reason being that she does not wish her daughter to have a life marked by such severe oppression….   [tags: Argument For Abortion, Pro Choice]


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1018 words | (2.9 pages)
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The Moral Status of the Fetus in Abortion

– Imagine…the birth of a human being into the world. 9 months of endless anticipation leading to someone’s first chance at seeing the world for the first time. While some enjoy the result of a pregnancy, leading to a new human being entering life, some are not so fond, or just can’t be in such a situation. Abortion is the supposed “cure” to this problem and is, for the most part, done safely. However, one of the factors stopping someone from committing an abortion is the consideration of moral status on the child….   [tags: elective abortion, pregancy termination]


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1684 words | (4.8 pages)
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Should Abortion be Legal or Illegal?

– Sometimes life can be incredible to define, how do we define life. Should we define life from an existential point of view or should it be organic in nature. Can man just be narrowed down to his existence on the biological chain. Or is man a higher being based on his ability to make thoughts, suppositions and higher definitions. Is a person not defined from an identity of self, their consciousness of being alive. Who knows if animals also have thoughts or understand their own existence. Maybe they see themselves in the light of what they are….   [tags: life, death, abortion]


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1649 words | (4.7 pages)
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Women Health: The Legalization of Abortion

– Perspective on Abortion Issues pertaining to abortion have always been contentious in both, the contemporary and traditional human society. Indeed, so emotive has the issue been that it has become one of the topics that have to be and are discussed in politics. Abortion is often defined as the deliberate termination of a pregnancy prior to its attainment of full term and with no intention whatsoever of keeping the fetus. In essence, it always results in the death of the unborn child, which explains why there has been all-ranging controversy….   [tags: Abortion, prohibition, legalization]


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1575 words | (4.5 pages)
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Abortion: Birth Control For Whores

– Abortion is one of the most controversial and highly debatable issues in the United States today. This hot topic has put both the supporting and opposing sides in an uproar to defend their positions. In abortion, a fetus is deliberately terminated from the woman’s womb. Though there are several different methods of abortion, they all aim to rid of the potential child. When carefully reading descriptions of the techniques to abort a fetus, one does not shrug it off their shoulders and write it off as morally acceptable….   [tags: Abortion Pro Life Essays]


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911 words | (2.6 pages)
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The Motive For Anti-abortion Laws

– Abortion Abortion have been around for many years, studied for different societies. It was legal in the United States from the earliest times. In the middle 1800s, states began to pass laws that made abortions illegal. There are two different types of abortion.One is Clinic abortion, and the other one is an abortion pill. Abortions are very common. In fact, 3 out of 10 women in the U.S. have an abortion by the time they are 45 years old. The motive for anti-abortion laws varied from state to state….   [tags: anti-abortion laws, criminalization]


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954 words | (2.7 pages)
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The Controversial Topic of Abortion

– One of the most controversial topics in society is abortion. The act of removing a fetus to end pregnancy has divided the world. Although abortion is being discussed among friends, politicians, and even on blogs in the modern era, it has been in practice in the US since the early 1800s. It was mainly done to keep unmarried women from having children if they accidentally got pregnant. They considered an unmarried pregnant woman not marriageable material so abortion was one way to hide that fact that woman were pregnant at one time….   [tags: Abortion Pro Life Choice]


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2031 words | (5.8 pages)
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Abortion Should NOT Be Legal

– Ever since 1973, when the court case Roe v. Wade came about, there has been a debate on abortion. The first side to this case, the liberal side, believes that women have the right to control their own bodies. Then, the conservative side believes that every life should be protected and human life begins at the moment of conception. Along with having two totally different viewpoints there are also some gray areas in which both sides aren’t really sure of such as- the use of birth control pills, morning after pills, private-abortion pills, and educated abortions….   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]


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1240 words | (3.5 pages)
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Abortion and Pregnancy: Pro Life

– “I certainly supported a woman’s right to choose, but to my mind the time to choose was before, not after the fact (Ross).” In Ann B. Ross’s quote, she says that choices should be made before the point of pregnancy. In today’s society birth control is not hard to get, and if a person is unprepared or at a point in their life that they do not want a child, then they should consider the results of their actions. In some states, bills have been passed where the mother has to hear the child’s heart beat before she can In 2011, 333,964 lives were taken before leaving what is supposed to be the protection of the mother’s womb (Bigelow.)….   [tags: abortion, the right to choose]


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1086 words | (3.1 pages)
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Abortion Should NOT Be Legal

– Abortion not only ends the life of the child before it has a chance but has health-related issues such as sterility and premature births. Life begins at the moment of conception, and an innocent life shouldn’t be ended due to parent’s lack of financial stability. This problem can be fixed by outlawing abortion. Abortion by definition is the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus. Abortion ends life, and causes many health related issues for the mother….   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]


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904 words | (2.6 pages)
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Abortion Should Not be Banned

– The main problem in the world is inevitable abortion. Because it is about morality; which people tend pay more attention. Nowadays, Abortion is a controversial problem as people think of appropriateness. However, Abortion is necessary in many cases. Three main reasons why abortion should be banned are condition that women are not pregnancy, health problem in mother, and social problem. First, the pregnancy without readiness because the teenagers has sexual relation “premature” because nowadays it has communication is easy and comfortable….   [tags: Abortion Pro Choice Essays]


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674 words | (1.9 pages)
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Abortion: Women Have A Choice

– One of the most deliberated topics of modern society; is it just life, or is it truly alive. Does it adhere to moral standards or abolish the common good. Should it even be legal under the confines of our laws and regulations. If I was to tell someone to stop fishing, just because I thought it was wrong, it would seem unconstitutional that I would even attempt to withdraw rights to our freedom. Abortion is a personal issue and should be dealt with by the person, not the courts. A better example would be to take a hypothetical situation consisting of a 17-year-old girl, trying for her education….   [tags: Abortion, Argumentative, Pro-Choice]


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984 words | (2.8 pages)
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Exploratory Essay: Abortion

– There are many limitations valued when it comes to the right of abortion. The news media still outlines the pros and cons of anti-abortion rights in certain-states-to soon, the entire country. My perspectives on the issue of abortion have been entitled from it to never be banned among citizen’s rights. The reproduction of pregnancy has been emphasized heavily on a mother’s decision to abort their child, but the father of the child plays an active role since he considers to that particular title….   [tags: Abortion Essays]


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1494 words | (4.3 pages)
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Ohio Abortion Laws

– The medical definition of abortion is “the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus: a: spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus during the first 12 weeks of gestation—compare miscarriage b: induced expulsion of a human fetus” (“Medline,” 2012). To even begin the discussion of abortion, we must first begin with the gestational age of viability, meaning at what age the fetus can have a chance of survival outside the mother’s womb….   [tags: Politicization of Abortion]


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1417 words | (4 pages)
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An Ethical Argument Against Abortion

– Each day throughout our world, medical professionals suction thousands of babies from their mothers’ wombs through a procedure called abortion. The law protects and provides consent to both the mother and the medical professionals for these procedures. However, the babies seemingly have no right to protection or life themselves because of the argument regarding when a fetus is determined be human and have life. Pro-life author, Sarah Terzo, in a LifeSiteNews.com article, relays the following testimony supporting this from a medical student upon witnessing his first abortion, “Rejected by their mothers and regarded as medical waste by their killers, society allows these babies to die silently…   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]


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2133 words | (6.1 pages)
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Abortion Should Remain Legal

– Abortion, one of the most controversial ongoing issues, has become common in the United States. There are a lot of reasons defending the legalization of abortion. However, understanding the medical information and perspectives on abortion can solve this controversial issue. Unlike the common knowledge that abortion is performed in an unsafe setting and has the potential long-term complications, abortion is actually performed by professions and has few complications if it is performed within twelve weeks of pregnancy….   [tags: Argument For Abortion, Pro Choice]


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1929 words | (5.5 pages)
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Abortion Should NOT Be Legal

– Arguably reminiscent of the dreaded extermination camps of the second world war, deciding the death of millions has become a matter of routine in the world today. Abortion is the rationalized removal of a human life from existence. Though wrong, it has ceased to be considered so by many who deem it necessary for a modern lifestyle. In the words of Thoreau, “After the first blush of sin comes its indifference; and from immoral it becomes [simply] unmoral, and not quite unnecessary to that life which we have made” (Paragraph 14, line 20)….   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]


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1008 words | (2.9 pages)
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The Controversy Surrounding Abortion

– Abortion is a method of contraception that can be taken after a child is conceived and developing inside a woman’s body. However, this method of contraception has caused much controversy over the years, and many people feel that the procedure should be terminated for good. Despite the opinions of critics, women should have the right to get an abortion because women have human rights that enable them to have freedom of choice. In addition, they may have extenuating circumstances that lead them to consider an abortion; deciding whether or not to have a child is a delicate and private matter; and finally if the government outlaws abortion, it could lead women to take drastic measures that could…   [tags: legalization, legislation, illegal abortion]


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1383 words | (4 pages)
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Abortion Should Remain Legal

– An abortion is the process of ending a pregnancy by a medical or surgical procedure. (“Abortion” par. 1). Abortion was legalized in 1973 (“Abortion” par. 19). Abortions affect every person involved. The main people it affects is the mother and the baby (fetus). There are many issues involved in getting an abortion like; The medical issues the mother and baby could go through, The moral issue of when life really begins, and the issue of should it be a choice for the mother to make. When getting an abortion the women should realize that it can cause many medical issues….   [tags: Argument For Abortion, Pro Choice]


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1003 words | (2.9 pages)
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Abortion for Underage Children Should Require Parental Consent

– Underage people are prohibiting smoking, drinking, or going in field trips without their parents’ permission. Therefore, how can a teenage girl have an abortion without the approval of her parents. Abortion itself is a controversial subject, and underage abortion is even more controversial. Minors should not have an abortion without the consent of their parents or their legal guardians for a variety of reasons. First, most adolescents are not mature enough to make decisions that will change their lives forever….   [tags: Abortion Essays]


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1105 words | (3.2 pages)
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Should Abortion Be Legalized?

– … Someone who is Pro-Choice believes that if a young girl loses her virginity and becomes pregnant by accident it may be because she wasn’t aware of the repercussions of having sex. Being forced to keep her child could cause her to be kicked out of her home with no way to financially support her child. Not only would she have no money, but she would also lose the chance to go to school and get an education. By having an abortion she would not have to deal with all of the issues like these, though she would have to deal with the emotional aspect of deciding to terminate the fetus which would be a decision that should be left to that person, not a law….   [tags: pro-life, illegal abortion]


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1077 words | (3.1 pages)
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Virginia Governor Candidates Views on Abortion and Education

– As the three primary candidates were running for governor, they had a lot of issues and topics to cover. Some people might have agreed with their beliefs and morals, and some might not have. There are three topics that the governors have covered throughout their campaigning that I do not agree with. The topics are Abortion, Marriage, and Death Penalty. I think these are important topics that need to be taken seriously, because it is dealing with someone’s life. Abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy and cause the death of the fetus….   [tags: abortion, education]


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855 words | (2.4 pages)
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Abortion Contradicts Religious Ethics

– Abortion is the termination of a fetus or embryo from the uterus. They can sometimes happen without warning, more commonly known as a miscarriage. There is also induced abortion; which is a very controversial topic. Although the advocates of abortion claim it can save a mother’s life and prevent prolonged suffering, opponents contend abortion damages the women’s body, physically and psychologically, and that abortion contradicts many religious ethics. Abortion dates back to Ancient Egypt and the Roman Empire….   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]


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1062 words | (3 pages)
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Oklahoma; is Anti-Abortion the Right Decision?

– When one thinks of the word “abortion,” it is often met with a feeling of uneasiness and mixed emotions. Abortion is one of those topics that most try to avoid; after all, it is the killing of an innocent child. Unfortunately, people’s tendencies to shy away from the subject leaves many left in the dark on the controversial issues it entails. This country was built on the foundation of inalienable rights to liberty and “the pursuit of happiness.” Liberty is defined as “freedom from control, interference, and restrictive conditions (“Liberty”)….   [tags: abortion, liberty, abortion laws, criminal bans]


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1463 words | (4.2 pages)
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Contraception and Abortion in 19th-Century America, by Janet Farrell Brodie

– The topics of contraception and abortion have been looked upon differently throughout years past in America. The ideas regarding these topics have changed from being nonexistent to being extremely common in today’s world. In the book, Contraception and Abortion in 19th-Century America, written by Janet Farrell Brodie there are descriptions and sources that state how and why people of the nineteenth century used contraception and dealt with abortion. By reading this book, a person can analyze what practices were used for contraception and abortion, whom the chief advocates of reproductive control in the mid-century were, along with the changing access to fertility control at the end of the ce…   [tags: Contraception and Abortion]


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1128 words | (3.2 pages)
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The Unlimited Restrictions on Abortion

– Abortion has been always a huge controversial debate among the past years and until now in the United states and in Oklahoma in particular. Since the US supreme court gave its decision about abortions in Roe V Wade case in 1973, Oklahoma state kept restricting abortions by putting new rules for pregnant women to follow before any procedure regarding to it. From that time the percentage of abortions done in nonhospital clinics rose from 51% in 1974 to 61% in 1976, and reached 95% in 2008 (Aksel, sarp, et al, 2013)….   [tags: rules, control, pro-life, abortion]


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731 words | (2.1 pages)
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Abortion: A Woman Has to Right to Choose

– One of the most controversial situations in the United States is abortion. A couple of decades ago when abortion was illegal, thousands of woman died for attempting to terminate the child’s life themselves or with unprofessional help. On January 22, 1973, in the Roe v. Wade case, Supreme Court legalized abortion in all 50 states. This has saved thousands of woman’s lives and should remain legal. There are different definitions for this issue. “Abortion is the forcible removal of a developing baby from the womb of his or her mother sing surgical, mechanical or chemical means.” (“Abortion” par….   [tags: Abortion, Argumentative, Pro-Choice]


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1661 words | (4.7 pages)
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Abortion: Common Ground Must Be Found

– Consider for a moment a society in which there are no rules or laws. A society in which everyone is allowed to do what they please whenever they feel like it without any consequences. The world would be in a state of chaos. In order to maintain order and implement laws we use a set of morals to judge what actions are permissible and which are not. Through evaluating their actions and the outcomes of these actions, humans begin to develop morals. However, to fully understand the consequences one must first claim responsibility for her actions….   [tags: abortion, argumentative, persuasive]


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1718 words | (4.9 pages)
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In The Eyes of an Antiabortionist: Adoption before Abortion

– It’s basically just a way of saying “Hey, this person doesn’t deserve to live because I don’t want them to. ” In fewer than several cases, women get abortions for an “understandable” reason. Rape, with the case of incest is the only understandable reason in which I think abortion should be “legal”. First off, the child would be weirdly related to the mother, father & whatever other extra family members there are. Not to mention incest is legally forbidden. I’m sure that being raped by someone in your family can bring on lots of stress & confusion, so it is completely understandable why most would get abortions under this circumstance….   [tags: abortion, adoption, birth control]


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1800 words | (5.1 pages)
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Abortion and Morality

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Pro Choice View On Abortion Philosophy Essay

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Abortion is one of the most disputable issues discussed all over the world today. Several decades ago abortion was considered only a social issue, but now situation has changed and it has also a political and ethical context. The issue of abortion does not become an important ethical issue as long as modern medicine has not provided its relative safety, and only now, in recent decades, the issue has inflamed a sharp public controversy. Thus, the main aim of this paper is to discuss pro-choice view on abortion.

First of all it is necessary to answer the question what an abortion is? Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo, resulting in or caused by its death. Observing this topic we can see that there are many different points of views around this question and there are, apparently, three main positions on the issue of abortion. At one extreme we see the supporters of "preserving life" (people who have pro-life position) who would ban abortions in all circumstances: they believe that the government may not encourage the destruction of the embryo or fetus, legalizing abortion. At the other extreme are advocates of "free choice" (pro-choice position): they believe that the law should not restrict the freedom of choice for the mother, because all pregnant women should have the opportunity to request an abortion. Intermediate position is occupied by those who believe abortion is permissible only in certain cases (for example, when the pregnancy is dangerous for the mother’s life or was the result of rape or incest), as well as those who believe that it should not be the main method of birth control.

In this part we are going to concern our attention on pro-choice abortion and according to Colker, we see that "Pro-choice abortion is the belief that women have the right to choose to abort a baby from their body. The "pro-choice" view is that a baby does not have human rights within the mother’s womb. The people of the United States never voted on or supported this pro-choice position. Actually, it was the U.S. Supreme Court that "legalized" abortion as a result of Roe vs. Wade on January 22, 1973." (Colker, 1992). Analyzing contemporary situation it becomes obvious that movement for the legalization of abortion in recent years has also become a well-organized and politically active force: it is supported by a series of specially created organizations nationwide, and tens of major religious groups.

Opponents of the ban on abortion put forward four main ethical arguments:

1. No person shall be entitled to compel a woman to preserve the pregnancy against her will.

2. We should not give birth to unwanted children.

3. Abortion was never subjected to the ban, if the legislators were not men. (Or, as one aphorism says, "if men could get pregnant, abortion rights would be considered sacred.")

4. If a woman has no right to freely dispose of own body, including control of reproductive function, then there is no real freedom at all.

Advocates of abortion rights typically originate from the fact that the government should not intervene in the privacy of women deciding for them the fate of a pregnancy. They believe that every woman should have a choice – to abort or not, at the same time, they stress that such choice does not force anyone to a particular decision. In addition, it is noted that no one should be required by law to risk own health, and yet at the complete prohibition of abortion, many pregnant women are exposed to the dangers of childbearing and childbirth, as well as unsafe criminal abortions.

What supporters of pro-choice position have to say about how to deal with the right to self-actualization of the fetus, with its right to life, with its right to the pursuit of happiness? Pro-choice supporters proceed from the concept of social development of personality. Since the fetus has no idea about own future, about own personality, then it can not be self-consciousness. Once there is no consciousness, then the concept of consent to it is not applicable. (Jelen & Wilcox, 2003). Are these arguments are more persuasive than the arguments against abortion? Nobody can definitely say "yes" or "no", because there is no one single view on this issue in contemporary society.

Thinking about different points of view on pro-life and pro-choice abortion Levitt & Dubner stated that pro-choice position allows to control criminal situation in the country. They explained that decades of research indicate that children from disadvantaged backgrounds are much more likely to become criminals than others. (Levitt & Dubner, 2005). Thus, abortions allow to control criminal situation in the country due to their distance effect, because years later, these unborn children are not replenished the ranks of criminals and crime stopped.

Debating this topic and looking at the problem from ethical and psychological side we should remember about the situation that the woman, who decided to make abortion, found herself in psychological crisis, and sometimes she is also found herself in a great despair, but we can contradict to above mentioned women other pregnant woman who wait for their babies and are full of happiness and excitement that in the nearest future they will become mothers and will see their little babies. There are many different people, and different situations, but there is one variable – child’s life… It is necessary to think deeply about how it can happen that a child for one woman – is a great grief and they are willing to pay money for child’s death, but for others – child’s birth is so good that they go to any expenses to have a baby. It is a description of dual character of one situation around child’s life…

Thus, according to Staggenborg, "despite all the support for abortion, one of the important pro-choice facts is that those who raise pro choice issues to strengthen their cause are not pro abortion. They take the right to as a woman’s freedom to her body and life. However, we must remember that abortion should not cloud the sanctity of life. It is important to bear in mind the pros and cons of abortions before taking any decisions regarding one’s pregnancy." (Staggenborg, 1994).

Taking into consideration all the above stated it is possible to conclude that in discussing the moral aspects of abortion we usually used many arguments in favor of one or another position. Whatever our personal view, it is important to be able to recognize the ways of argumentation in ethical reasoning, which in reality is not as logical as it might seem at first glance. It is necessary to remember that every human child should be wanted, nurtured, loved and cherished. In such a way birth control and abortion are the part of necessary policy in this direction. Choices in this case should belong to the pregnant woman, and only her wish to save or not to save a child should be the main argument in pro-choice position.


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