The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay

1041 Words
5 Pages

The era dominated by Roman empire is one the most well-known and influential periods of history, home to famous names from Julius Caesar to Jesus Christ. At its height, Rome’s territory stretched from the Atlantic coastline to the Middle East, reigning over 60 million people, one-fifth of the population of the ancient world. However, the Roman empire’s treatment of their conquered people’s and their own citizens ultimately led to the permanent downfall of Rome.

Even in the century before the official replacement of the Roman republic by the empire, Rome expanded immensely as a result of the Punic wars. Rome fought the Punic Wars between 264 and 146 BCE against the nearby trade empire Carthage over the nearby island of Sicily, a

…show more content…

The Roman empire owed its existence to Julius Caesar’s military genius and leadership. At the time of his birth, the Roman republic was rife with corruption, losing touch with the people as Rome rapidly expanded. In addition, the republic suffered much unrest due to an excess of slave labor, leaving many unemployed for the government to sustain with basic food and entertainment, or “bread and circuses.” Caesar changed this, joining partnership with two other prominent men, the wealthy Crassus and the general Pompey, to form the First Triumvirate. However, he quickly took the reins of the new government, securing his position as dictator with many populist actions, such as distributing land to poor farmers. They, in turn, showed loyalty toward their leader, providing unity and patriotism. The Roman empire was born into the perfect geographical and cultural circumstances to rise to greatness.

The Roman empire suffered many problems throughout its rise and several centuries of subsequent power. To begin with, they dealt with many outside invasions, including the Burgundians, Franks, Alemanni, Ostrogoths, Vandals, Visigoths, and Anglo-Saxon peoples. The invaders considered most barbaric were the Huns, which the Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus describes as people who “surpass all other barbarians in the wilderness of life.” He further describes “they are so little advanced

Show More

Related
  • Fall of the Roman Empire

    1288 Words | 6 Pages

    The Pax Romana was a two hundred year time period where the Romans had peace and prosperity under Augustus. The Roman empire started to decline at the end of the prevail of the last five emperors, Marcus Aurelius in 161-180 A.D. The rulers in the next century had no idea how to deal with the problems the empire was having. There was many reasons to the fall of the Roman Empire but three stood out the most. The preliminary reason was the economy begins to decline. The alternative reasoning was Rome…

    Show More

  • The Fall and Rise of the Roman Empire Essay

    637 Words | 3 Pages

    How powerful the Roman Empire was! Rome the ultimate country of its time slowly declined and vanished from our world. After starting with a small settlement off the Tiber River in Italy Rome expanded its borders and claimed territory around the entire Mediterranean and more. Rome also lasted for over a thousand years elapsing over late B.C.E and early C.E. In spite of all that, Rome was far from perfect. This powerful state was brought to its collapse through challenges that would be cataclysmic…

    Show More

  • The Fall of the Roman Empire Essays

    1265 Words | 6 Pages

    The fall of the Roman Empire in the West is seen as one of the most pivotal points in all of human history. This event traditionally marks the transition from classical civilization to the birth of Europe. There is an absolutely tremendous scholarly interest in this subject; thousands of books have been published and endless numbers of essays and theories, as to the cause, have been written. Why did the Roman Empire in the West fall? It is difficult to pinpoint a simple explanation. Some scholars…

    Show More

  • Fall of the Roman Empire

    758 Words | 4 Pages

    Taylor Davino
    Professor Horsley
    HIS 126
    3 March 2010

    The fall of the Roman Empire
    Political, economic and social aspects were all involved in the fall of the Roman Empire. In 395 A.D., Rome was divided into two empires, with one capital in Rome and the other in Constantinople. During that time, the western Roman Empire was being invaded by barbarian tribes from the North. In 410, the Visigoth tribe succeeded in conquering the western capital in Rome. In 476, the western Emperor…

    Show More

  • The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay examples

    1385 Words | 6 Pages

    rather than conquered provinces. The only threats that ever came were from the unorganized barbarian tribes who’s conquest brought nothing to the Empire. (Mahoney, 2001)
    The rise of the Roman Empire had many contributors. These factors would include strength in the military, society, leadership, religious, and architectural aspects of the Roman Empire. The Roman army was the largest of the group though. The army was at first only meant to defend the city of Rome but later set out to conquer. The army…

    Show More

  • Rise of the Roman Empire Essay

    1196 Words | 5 Pages

    Rise of the Roman Empire

    The legend about Rome’s origins puts the founding of the city at around 735 B.C. It is said that a Vestal Virgin gave birth to twin boys, Romulus and Remus, and claimed that they were the sons of the god Mars. The Vestal Virgin was the sister of a king. The king believed that she was lying and imprisoned her. He put her two boys in a basket and threw it into the Tiber River. A she-wolf found the twins and raised them. The twins, Romulus and Remus, came back and killed the…

    Show More

  • Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay

    1091 Words | 5 Pages

    The Romans were on one of the greatest people of all. They had power, wealth, and even a half of the world. They built one of the strongest and vast empire that world has ever seen. They came from nothing to something awesome. It started of as a city and ended up being one of the greatest empire of all. This essay is going to focus on the Roman Empire from the rise to the fall and the government, architecture, mythology, Family Structure, and Food of the Romans.

    As the story goes, Rome was founding…

    Show More

  • The Fall of the Western Roman Empire

    1269 Words | 5 Pages

    The fall of the Western Roman Empire in the late fifth century plunged Europe into a long period of darkness and barbarism. This era until the dawn of the ‘age of discovery’ in the sixteenth century was later termed to be the ‘Middle Ages’. While this epoch of European history is labeled as ‘middle’ or even ‘dark’, it was during this time that many social, political and cultural developments took place. The obliteration of the great Roman Empire left Europe prey for disunity and continuous foreign…

    Show More

  • The Fall of the Roman Empire

    609 Words | 3 Pages

    The Fall of the Roman Empire
    There are adherents to single factors, but more people think Rome fell because of a combination of such factors as Christianity, and economy, and military problems. Even the rise of Islam is proposed as the reason for Rome’s fall, by some who think the Fall of Rome happened at Constantinople in the 15th Century. Most people think it occurred during the fifth century, after the western division of the empire.
    There were several reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire…

    Show More

  • Essay on The Rise and Fall of The Roman Empire

    1033 Words | 5 Pages

    the greatest and most predominant empires ever built that controlled and reined over much of the entire continent of Europe is known as the Roman Empire. The Romans were beyond the most tactical and strategic army, and obtained the most authoritative military control throughout ancient history. The Roman Empire was not only a militia of brute force and authority, but their political systems also were amongst the most developed and functional governances. The Romans contained a civic virtue, which was…

    Show More

More about The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay

  • Fall of the Roman Empire

    1288 Words | 6 Pages

  • The Fall and Rise of the Roman Empire Essay

    637 Words | 3 Pages

  • The Fall of the Roman Empire Essays

    1265 Words | 6 Pages

  • Fall of the Roman Empire

    758 Words | 4 Pages

  • The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay examples

    1385 Words | 6 Pages

  • Rise of the Roman Empire Essay

    1196 Words | 5 Pages

  • Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Essay

    1091 Words | 5 Pages

  • The Fall of the Western Roman Empire

    1269 Words | 5 Pages

  • The Fall of the Roman Empire

    609 Words | 3 Pages

  • Essay on The Rise and Fall of The Roman Empire

    1033 Words | 5 Pages

+ Popular Essays

  • Essay about The Morality of Lies and Deception
  • Wise Children Essay
  • Media Power and Media Bias Essay
  • Essay on The Real Ken and Barbie
  • Essay on The Process of Mummification
  • Confessions by Augustine Essay

Homepage

Become a member

Sign in Get started
Homepage

Go to the profile of Roberto Sideris
Roberto Sideris
I study Product Design BA at Central Saint Martins

A concise Essay to the Fall of the Roman Empire

The Fall of the Roman Empire

Rome inevitably fell in 476BC as barbarian hordes overrun the city; although this is the fall of Rome it may be considered as not the fall of the Roman Empire as it the capital moved to Constantinople. But the Empire severely declined, losing more than half its land mass; this was a result of multiple factors, mainly placed down to eight key factors.

The most obvious one was an increase in barbarian tribes encroaching into Roman land. The Roman Empire had been entangled in the dealings of barbarian tribes. But tensions arose, resulting in the sacking of Rome twice; once by Visigoths and a second time by Vandals. The Eternal Cities’ halo had been broken; this is defined as the fall of the Empire and therefore a strong factor. But Rome’s military could have created a strong resistance against Barbarian incisions. It required other factors to lead to this ultimate defeat.

The military in the last years of the Roman Empire had ground to a halt. This resulted to no fresh influx of slaves from conquered lands to supply Rome’s slave based economy. Agriculture slowed down and commercial production took a hit. With infighting and these factors, Roman coffers had been depleted. A further hit came in the fifth century as Rome lost control of North Africa to the Vandals. The Mediterranean had once been Rome’s ‘lake’, it was now split in the middle as pirates raided trade ships that brought vital grain imports from Egypt.

Splitting of the empire under Diocletian

The third factor was the rise of the Eastern half of the empire. Under Diocletian the empire was split up into two halves, in the short term this provided greater governance over the overextended Empire. But eventually the East overtook the West as its trade power grew and money flowed to Constantinople rather than Rome. This increased financial disintegration in the West. There was also less cooperation between the two halves in combating barbarian incursions. The Eastern Empire with its better economy was able to fund better funding for defensive spending, therefore pushing more barbarians towards the ever ailing Rome.

The spread of Christianity is also a factor, if rather minor, reason for the Empires collapse. Rome’s pagan religion placed the empire next to the gods, but with a new, fast spreading religion this was overturned and the emperor lost his divine right. It also shifted focus from the glory of Rome to the glory of a single deity; therefore Christianity eroded Roman civic values that pulled together its citizens. In addition popes and other church leaders took up an increasing role in politics, and whereas before the Emperor had been both religious leader and ruler, this role was now split. Although this was not the case for the Eastern Roman Empire as its Emperor took helm of the church.

Rome had started ailing in its last year politically, a row of ineffective emperors along with a personal guard (Praetorian) that had gained too much power. Leadership within the senate was also ineffective because of its own widespread corruption and incompetence. But importantly the emperor had lost control of the empire; he could not carry out his jurisdiction, without a figurehead the empire waned as both the army and the Senate had no leader.
The Huns also applied pressure on the empire by forcing mass migration of barbarians from Northern Europe; the Romans allowed them within their land. This was a chance to re-energise the Roman Empire after it was starved of slaves. But the Romans treated their new citizens badly; Visigoths traded their children for dog food. This led to rebellion and the Visigoths eventually sacked Rome. This resulted in many other barbarian groups crossing the Roman borders.

The Roman army had declined in the later stage of the Roman Empire. Unable to hire enough men from the Roman citizenry, emperors turned to hiring barbarian mercenaries. Although these men were fierce fighter they had no loyalty towards the empire and therefore they had no qualms in turning against their Roman superiors. In fact the barbarians who sacked Rome and brought down the Western Empire had served in the Roman legions.

Overall the Roman Empire collapsed due to an ineffective military and leader. These two would have been able to secure Rome’s fate as they had done countless times before. In addition its halving meant that power eventually sapped from Rome and into the Eastern Empire as it enjoyed more peaceful times. Therefore Rome’s ending was made by a lack of unity among its government, society, military and ruling elite.

Go to the profile of Roberto Sideris
Never miss a story from Roberto Sideris, when you sign up for Medium. Learn more
Never miss a story from Roberto Sideris
Saved Essays
  • Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
Topics in Paper
  • Rome
  • Ancient Rome
  • Decline Of The Roman Empire
  • Christianity
  • Byzantine Empire
  • Army
  • Roman Emperor
  • Roman Republic
  • Late Antiquity
@Example Essays

    The Fall of the Roman Empire



    3 Pages
    656 Words

                 The Roman Empire was strong. It was founded on the strengths of its military, its strategic geographic location, strong moral values and wise leadership. It flourished because of its social, economic, political, military and religious strengths. However, when the things that make a civilization flourish begin to erode the civilization itself begins its decent.
                
    The first main reason for the fall was the civilizations economic decay. The rulers of Rome had very expensive lifestyles, and were a very proud people. To keep to their image, they needed money. The way they gained their money was through taxing the poor. In response to this act, the poor fled to other lands, which were barbaric. Since the poor made up most of the Roman population, this became a large problem. The barbarians were disrupting trade on the Mediterranean Sea. Rome’s gold and silver were being drained into buying luxuries that were imported from China, India, and Arabia. As the government decreased the silver content in money, the value of the money also decreased. Diocletion attempted to curb the inflation. He issued an edict that fixed maximum prices and wages throughout the Empire. His idea failed though, because it was unrealistic and unenforceable. The emperors still felt the tax issue needed to be addressed, so they decided to make the hereditary class of tax collectors pay the difference. In other words, if a poor person could not pay their full share, the tax collector paid the rest. This concept wiped out a whole class of moderately wealthy people.
                
    Later, slavery split communities. Rome believed the workers of society should not benefit from slavery. Slaves then had to reason to try hard or improve. Eastern slaves started doing technical work, which resulted in all technical work being looked down on. Labor was cheap and worthless. Upper-class Romans were content with what they had become. They felt no need to improve their inventions; they were conte
                

    Continue reading this essay
    Continue reading

    Page 1 of 3

    Next Page

    More Essays:


    APA    
    MLA    
    Chicago

    The Fall of the Roman Empire. (1969, December 31). In MegaEssays.com. Retrieved 01:21, September 07, 2018, from https://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/74607.html
    MegaEssays. “The Fall of the Roman Empire.” MegaEssays.com. MegaEssays.com, (December 31, 1969). Web. 07 Sep. 2018.
    MegaEssays, “The Fall of the Roman Empire.,” MegaEssays.com, https://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/74607.html (accessed September 07, 2018)