Writing an Effective Introduction Paragraph: Steps, Tips &amp

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Tips for Writing a Good Reaction Paper

The main aim of this article is to give students a chance to understand what is a reaction paper and to explain how to complete it without any efforts. A reaction paper is a type of written assignment, which requires personal opinion and conclusions on a given article or abstract. Unlike a summary, a reaction paper should contain your own thoughts on the problem, discussed in the original text. It aims to show professor how deep your understanding of the situation is and how well you can use your analytical skills.

The first part of your paper should contain information on the author and the topic. You need to write down the main ideas and highlight the main points of the paper. You can use direct quotations if needed. Avoid your personal opinion in this section. The second part should contain your personal thoughts on the subject. Focus on a main problem or address all of them and describe your opinion. Explain how the material can relate to the modern world, to the society or separate individuals. Back your statements with sources if needed and make conclusions whether you support the author or not.

Writing a reaction paper can be quite a challenging task, so many students use examples to learn more about its structure and key features. Here are a few recommendations, which will help you complete an outstanding reaction paper:

  • Read the original article carefully and highlight the main ideas and points you want to discuss;
  • Describe your point of view and back it with additional information if needed. Use vivid examples;
  • Use various sources to make your statement more argumentative.

There are also a few tips, which will help you to avoid common mistakes. First, don’t give a summary of an article. You should perform your personal opinion, not an overview. You should always back your ideas with examples. However, avoid using examples, which are difficult to relate to the topic. With the help of these simple rules, you will learn how to write a reaction paper and will be able to create an outstanding work!

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Samples and Examples of Reaction Paper

Nowadays it is impossible to find a student, who is capable of completing all the tasks without anyone’s help. Because of a heavy workload and tight schedules additional help may be more than useful, so let’s continue to simplify your studying. While many students don’t have a chance to order a paper or want to create it on their own, using online samples can be a great way out. They can help students get an overall idea on the subject, structure and main tips. By downloading a sample, you will learn how to write reaction paper and avoid common mistakes.

You will also be able to shape your ideas in an appropriate form and emphasize the strongest points of your paper, while omitting those, which lack examples and support.

Reaction Paper Sample
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Reaction paper format

Formatting gives every student a chance to create an outstanding paper, using previous experience and a clear plan of actions. With the help of such an outline, you will be able to see how the paper will look like and will be able to go from one paragraph to another smoothly. Usually you will have specific information on the size of the paper, so a plan will be of a great help.

A reaction paper consists of four main parts:

  1. Introduction;
  2. Body;
  3. Conclusions;
  4. List of citations and sources.
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Reaction Essays Examples

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Reaction Paper Format

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Reaction Paper Sample

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Reaction Paper Samples

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Introduction section is the face of your paper, so you need to pay extra attention to this part to gain interest of the reader. Here you should describe the author and the paper you are analyzing, the main ideas and problems you are going to discuss. You should write at least three-four sentences about the original text and close the introduction section with your thesis, which will be discussed later in the paper. Make sure your statement is brief and straight to the point, because you will need to get back to it over and over again throughout your paper.

The second part of the paper is where the real work begins. You need to write down your thoughts on the main ideas of the paper, backed with appropriate quotes and sources. Remember to stick to the original article and always get back to it, while providing your personal thoughts. However, you are free to add theoretical information to support your ideas. This section is crucial and should contain a thorough analysis of the obtained data.

Conclusions should be brief and contain information on your thesis and main ideas, which were shaped throughout the work. You can also refer to the target audience and the impact these conclusions may have on the society. The list of citations should contain a brief but structured information on the sources, used in your work.

Writing a reaction paper can be a real challenge, but at the same time it will help you to improve your analytical skills and share your opinion with the world!

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    Articles

    40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays



    |

    267 comments


    To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them. It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in English.

    General explaining

    Let’s start by looking at language for general explanations of complex points.

    1. In order to

    Usage: “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument.

    Example: “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.”

    2. In other words

    Usage: Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point.

    Example: “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.”

    3. To put it another way

    Usage: This phrase is another way of saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of its significance.

    Example: “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.”

    4. That is to say

    Usage: “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise.

    Example: “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.”

    5. To that end

    Usage: Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”.

    Example: “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.”

     

    Graphs and phone.

     

    Adding additional information to support a point

    Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this.

    6. Moreover

    Usage: Employ “moreover” at the start of a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making.

    Example: “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…”

    7. Furthermore

    Usage:This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information.

    Example: “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…”

    8. What’s more

    Usage: This is used in the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”.

    Example: “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.”

    9. Likewise

    Usage: Use “likewise” when you want to talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned.

    Example: “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.”

    10. Similarly

    Usage: Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”.

    Example: “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.”

    11. Another key thing to remember

    Usage: Use the phrase “another key point to remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”.

    Example: “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.”

    12. As well as

    Usage: Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”.

    Example: “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.”

    13. Not only… but also

    Usage: This wording is used to add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information.

    Example: “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.”

    14. Coupled with

    Usage: Used when considering two or more arguments at a time.

    Example: “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…”

    15. Firstly, secondly, thirdly…

    Usage: This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other.

    Example: “There are many points in support of this view. Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z.

    16. Not to mention/to say nothing of

    Usage: “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis.

    Example: “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.”

    Fountain pen and flower.

     

    Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast

    When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting.

    17. However

    Usage: Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said.

    Example: “Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.”

    18. On the other hand

    Usage: Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion.

    Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.”

    19. Having said that

    Usage: Used in a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”.

    Example: “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.”

    20. By contrast/in comparison

    Usage: Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of evidence.

    Example: “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.”

    21. Then again

    Usage: Use this to cast doubt on an assertion.

    Example: “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.”

    22. That said

    Usage: This is used in the same way as “then again”.

    Example: “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.”

    23. Yet

    Usage: Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea.

    Example: “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.”

    Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations

    Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so.

    24. Despite this

    Usage: Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence.

    Example: “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.”

    25. With this in mind

    Usage: Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else.

    Example: “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.”

    26. Provided that

    Usage: This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the same thing.

    Example: “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.”

    27. In view of/in light of

    Usage: These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else.

    Example: “In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…”

    28. Nonetheless

    Usage: This is similar to “despite this”.

    Example: “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.”

    29. Nevertheless

    Usage: This is the same as “nonetheless”.

    Example: “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.”

    30. Notwithstanding

    Usage: This is another way of saying “nonetheless”.

    Example: “Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.”

     

     

    Giving examples

    Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing.

    31. For instance

    Example: “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…”

    32. To give an illustration

    Example: “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of…”

     

    Fountain Pen.

     

    Signifying importance

    When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such.

    33. Significantly

    Usage: Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent.

    Example: “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.”

    34. Notably

    Usage: This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the first of these ways of using it).

    Example: “Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.”

    35. Importantly

    Usage: Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”.

    Example: “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.”

     

    Summarising

    You’ve almost made it to the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Here are some words and phrases to help you.

    36. In conclusion

    Usage: Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in a broad overview.

    Example: “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.”

    37. Above all

    Usage: Used to signify what you believe to be the most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay.

    Example: “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…”

    38. Persuasive

    Usage: This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing.

    Example: “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.”

    39. Compelling

    Usage: Use in the same way as “persuasive” above.

    Example: “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.”

    40. All things considered

    Usage: This means “taking everything into account”. Example: “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…”

     

    How many of these words and phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from our list? Let us know in the comments below!

     

     

    Image credits: banner ; woman writing I ; pen and notebook ; pen and flower ; woman writing II ; notebook ; pen .

    Comments (267)

    1. dSkill

      April 29, 2018 at 5:45 pm


      Thank’s It’s very usefull for me
      btw i’m German ^^
      KEEP IT UP!!

      Reply

    2. Mussie

      April 28, 2018 at 5:48 am


      It was helpful to urge someone on who hesitates between writing and keep his hands off the paper.

      Reply

    3. Shazab

      April 25, 2018 at 2:12 pm


      Great

      Reply

    4. Exclusive Papers

      April 25, 2018 at 10:25 am


      Thanks for an outstanding article! Using these phases helps to improve essay writing skills significantly! I’ve added this post to bookmarks 🙂

      Reply

    5. M.Arshad

      April 18, 2018 at 7:36 pm


      Oxford providing quality education since long thanks Oxford

      Reply

    6. Lyla

      April 2, 2018 at 3:00 pm


      Am, it’s also useful phrase to summarising : Taking everything into account, 🙂

      Reply

    7. Ummie ammira

      March 10, 2018 at 10:55 am


      This is good to improve my skills on writing essay for my exam And SPM

      Reply

    8. Ibrahim Adnan

      March 6, 2018 at 12:40 pm


      Quite helpful. Is this list also useful in O levels?

      Reply

    9. Santoshini kar

      February 26, 2018 at 2:28 am


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      Reply

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      February 22, 2018 at 2:49 pm


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      Reply

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      February 21, 2018 at 5:00 pm


      Thanks c:

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      February 3, 2018 at 8:40 am


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      December 12, 2017 at 9:41 pm


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    17. James Higgins

      December 5, 2017 at 1:14 pm


      Wow, super useful thank you

      Reply

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      December 4, 2017 at 7:56 pm


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    19. sunil

      December 3, 2017 at 4:25 pm


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    21. Jared

      November 14, 2017 at 9:46 pm


      Transition words before a comma are totally unnecessary. Never use firstly, secondly, lastly, etc. Anyone reading your essay should know how to count. Certain exceptions do apply as they use more mature language, but basic phrases like “in conclusion” seem childish. We know what a conclusion looks like, you don’t need to tell me where it starts as long as it summarizes what I’ve already read.

      Reply

    22. jgdfkyu

      November 14, 2017 at 2:54 pm


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      Reply

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      October 20, 2017 at 5:27 pm


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      Reply

    27. Natalie

      October 16, 2017 at 4:24 pm


      These will help me get my English degree..thanks!! ♡

      Reply

    28. Private info

      October 7, 2017 at 12:11 am


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      Reply

    29. Yan

      September 29, 2017 at 7:56 pm


      Thank you!

      Reply

    30. Wrier

      September 28, 2017 at 12:35 pm


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    33. Laura Croft

      August 31, 2017 at 1:21 pm


      Not to mention that my favourite words to use in academic writing are thus and hence! 😀

      Reply

    34. gkmurthy

      August 19, 2017 at 2:02 am


      they are there. but we won’t use them frequently. that’s the problem

      Reply

    35. helani

      August 8, 2017 at 4:01 am


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      Reply

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      August 2, 2017 at 7:01 pm


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    41. Bubbablueeeee

      July 24, 2017 at 11:48 am


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      Reply

    42. Praveen ravindran

      July 18, 2017 at 7:10 am


      Thank you!! this words wil defintly help me on essay once again thanks to you. please try this words on essay turst me!

      Reply

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      July 12, 2017 at 10:43 pm


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      Reply

    44. Ali

      June 25, 2017 at 12:57 pm


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      Reply

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      June 16, 2017 at 3:15 pm


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      Reply

    46. nicole

      June 15, 2017 at 5:59 am


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      Reply

    47. Daniel John Seni

      June 14, 2017 at 5:20 am


      This article is very important and useful! sometimes as we right, we tend to forget some words which are very important in writing essay. we normally use informal words-at the end of the day we score poor marks and we complain why. Thanks for the one who prepared.

      Reply

    48. mariah

      June 12, 2017 at 4:31 pm


      not very helpful I am sorry

      Reply

    49. Genius alien

      June 12, 2017 at 1:38 pm


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      Reply

    50. Aids

      June 10, 2017 at 7:20 pm


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      Reply

    51. Amisha

      June 9, 2017 at 7:52 pm


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      Reply

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      June 4, 2017 at 3:01 pm


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      Reply

    53. Wowie

      June 1, 2017 at 7:02 am


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      Reply

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      May 31, 2017 at 10:18 am


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      May 29, 2017 at 1:46 am


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      May 26, 2017 at 4:48 am


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      May 14, 2017 at 4:55 am


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      May 14, 2017 at 4:52 am


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      Reply

    59. Ujjwal Sawarn

      May 11, 2017 at 9:22 pm


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      April 19, 2017 at 2:16 am


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      April 1, 2017 at 3:30 pm


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      March 25, 2017 at 8:51 pm


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      March 23, 2017 at 7:13 am


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      March 9, 2017 at 1:51 am


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      March 8, 2017 at 11:19 am


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      March 2, 2017 at 6:19 am


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      March 1, 2017 at 11:12 pm


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      February 25, 2017 at 3:52 am


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      February 25, 2017 at 3:51 am


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      February 21, 2017 at 6:16 pm


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      February 18, 2017 at 4:43 pm


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      February 18, 2017 at 4:41 pm


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      February 4, 2017 at 12:52 am


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    82. Krishna

      January 30, 2017 at 4:50 pm


      Perspicuous to read and grasp.

      Reply

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      January 22, 2017 at 12:25 pm


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      January 15, 2017 at 7:58 am


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    88. Sayu

      January 3, 2017 at 12:40 am


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      Reply

    89. fatma

      December 21, 2016 at 8:04 pm


      wow!! these words are great . Thank you so much for such a help ; you’ve really helped me. Another point to remember :p is that my essay is thirsty to such words . ^^ thanks

      Reply

    90. shoneymol shaju

      December 18, 2016 at 10:18 am


      This is really helpful to all and puts new updates for everyone’s knowledge. I could know more than before and I am approaching IELTS exam so it will be helpful for me in writing.

      Reply

    91. falahi

      December 17, 2016 at 10:27 am


      Thanks to your efforts. It’s great!

      Reply

    92. Ameer

      December 14, 2016 at 5:32 pm


      Much obliged and honoured to come across such a rhetorical and journalistic piece of writing.

      Reply

      • fatma

        December 21, 2016 at 8:08 pm


        > yes you’re right man. Can we be friends to exchange our essays if you want to !?

        Reply

    93. Erkin

      December 12, 2016 at 4:40 pm


      “To sum up” is also a good one for the finishing paragraph. And it is not commonly used.

      Reply

    94. Succ

      December 12, 2016 at 12:11 pm


      Just kidding, it was really helpful need linking words and good phrases like this makes essay better and advanced

      Reply

    95. Eden

      December 9, 2016 at 1:53 am


      I wish you would make it a book. This is a life saver to non native speakers.

      Reply

    96. Nick

      December 3, 2016 at 3:56 pm


      All of these phrases helped a lot to write an assay. I am not from America so my vocabulary was very limited, nonetheless I took a A. Thank you very much for your help and pls let me know if you have any books that are going to help to write an assay. Have a wonderful day!!!

      Reply

    97. Vrunda

      December 2, 2016 at 1:06 pm


      Thank you so much for such a significant piece of knowledge. Please keep writing such useful posts.

      Reply

    98. Lia

      December 1, 2016 at 4:33 pm


      I am so glad, that some people write down these really helpful words. My essay will sound great 😉
      Thank you so much 🙂

      Reply

    99. Lia

      December 1, 2016 at 4:31 pm


      Thx 🙂

      Reply

    100. Brenda McDermott

      November 8, 2016 at 7:07 pm


      LOVE YOU ALL, THANKS FOR ALL THIS HELP, IT’S INVALUABLE FOR ACADEMIC ESSAY WRITING SKILLS

      Reply

    101. Leah okoth

      November 8, 2016 at 11:51 am


      Thank you so much. You have made it sink into my head. I believe it will help me even in my presentation.

      Reply

    102. Ro Mon Lian

      November 5, 2016 at 6:13 pm


      Thank you a lot, It is massively helpful for a beginner. How can we learn more? Is there any book to purchase?

      Reply

    103. Julia Jeka

      November 1, 2016 at 2:41 pm


      Great!! They are all really helpful!!!

      Reply

    104. sylvia

      November 1, 2016 at 1:15 am


      this are very helpful, thanks bro : )

      Reply

    105. lolo

      October 30, 2016 at 1:28 am


      thank you

      Reply

    106. KittyKat300

      October 26, 2016 at 11:52 pm


      Awesome tips I got a great grade!

      Reply

    107. Carol

      October 26, 2016 at 4:52 am


      These cliche phrase will NOT help you write a top-notch essay. Do NOT use these.

      Reply

    108. Stormy

      October 26, 2016 at 4:50 am


      Are you kidding!?!
      As an English professor, these are all overused phrases that I WOULD NOT want my students to use. I teach my students how to be original rather than use cliche phrases. Ugh! Not helpful. You’re perpetuating the worst in writing.

      Reply

      • sylvia

        November 1, 2016 at 1:17 am


        majority, it helped a lot of people!!

        Reply

      • Hope

        December 21, 2016 at 8:14 pm


        > you’re the one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all 😉 Thanks .

        Reply

      • Hope

        December 21, 2016 at 8:16 pm


        > > you’re the one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all ? Thanks .

        Reply

    109. Achyuth

      October 19, 2016 at 9:45 am


      Pretty useful

      Reply

    110. Tanyu Gracious

      October 4, 2016 at 5:19 am


      Amazingly great one..(^_^)
      Not only my essay but my language has also impproved.
      Thanks a lot.
      Grace~©™

      Reply

    111. moomina

      September 21, 2016 at 5:10 pm


      the best thing on internet i found so far is this article , I must say its a brilliant peace of work . hands up for the writer.

      Reply

    112. Tanmay

      September 20, 2016 at 2:30 pm


      That were fantabulous ……..
      Would like to add a few more….
      ‘ a sharp irony ‘. Meaning- a sharp contrast
      ‘ inspite of the fact that….’

      Reply

    113. Rowan

      September 17, 2016 at 2:59 pm


      I use these words all the time in my undergrad papers, yet my lecturers always complain that theses words are high school level writing. :/

      Reply

    114. kira Mayfield

      September 16, 2016 at 1:47 am


      I think that you should add exclusively

      Reply

    115. kira Mayfield

      September 16, 2016 at 1:46 am


      I believe think that you should add exclusively

      Reply

    116. joe anchany

      September 16, 2016 at 1:39 am


      the word more plausible and supplementary.

      Reply

    117. Emerjihlia

      September 15, 2016 at 4:36 am


      Wish you had more words on this, otherwise it made my essay from an F to an A+. I guess I had to do some work to though, that’s some effort!

      Reply

    118. Tinye Rae

      September 15, 2016 at 4:33 am


      My writing literately changed immensely bro. peace…

      Reply

    119. Yhandamene

      September 15, 2016 at 4:31 am


      i am not ameracan and i am a xchang student, this was good for mee.

      Reply

    120. Student

      September 15, 2016 at 4:29 am


      I think that these are amazingly helpful. You should add a few words though.

      Reply

    121. Student

      September 15, 2016 at 4:28 am


      This was SOOOO helpful, I got an A.

      Reply

    122. Mounika

      September 5, 2016 at 12:16 pm


      Very useful. Thanks a ton 🙂

      Reply

    123. Tanya Roy

      August 22, 2016 at 2:09 am


      It’s really useful for me…

      thnkiew so much..???

      Reply

    124. ananay chhetri 7

      August 19, 2016 at 5:44 pm


      It was very use full tu me … Keep in touch …. I scored 18/20 in essay n letter
      ?

      Reply

    125. Prabanya

      August 16, 2016 at 1:12 pm


      They were very simple..
      But, good.. They helped me..
      Thank you *_* !!

      Reply

    126. Widya

      August 10, 2016 at 8:41 am


      very useful, thanks a lot

      Reply

    127. ashok kumar

      July 19, 2016 at 8:01 pm


      very useful guidelines
      thank you so much.

      Reply

    128. Fernando

      July 12, 2016 at 10:06 am


      Thanks

      Reply

    129. Pius Ndeti

      July 1, 2016 at 2:16 pm


      In light of the new learning, I am not only inspired, but also enthralled.

      Reply

    130. Chris Speck

      June 28, 2016 at 4:30 pm


      Great stuff, thanks

      Reply

    131. Vivian

      June 27, 2016 at 7:18 am


      Thank you so much for the useful words to use in essay. This help me a lot.

      Reply

    132. Ranthimo

      June 25, 2016 at 2:00 pm


      It is my first encounter with these eye opening phrases. Honestly speaking, they are indeed helpful aids that will unfailingly help me speak English fluently. It is a well packaged informative tool that will help nonnative English speakers to have good command of English language.Thank you very much for your good effort.

      Reply

    133. Tuan

      June 22, 2016 at 1:49 pm


      Thank you so so muchh

      Reply

    134. Sohaib

      June 18, 2016 at 4:48 pm


      It’s really awesome. As well as helpful thanks a lot

      Reply

    135. Alan

      June 13, 2016 at 6:54 pm


      Thanks.so helpful

      Reply

    136. Wish

      June 4, 2016 at 2:04 pm


      This was very much useful to me. I pay my regards hundreds and thousands of times. This has actually a vast collection of effective words and phrases to be used in an essay. Once again thank you. ?

      Reply

    137. Kannan.P

      June 2, 2016 at 2:37 pm


      Could you please add more pharse. Thanks

      Reply

    138. irisha

      June 2, 2016 at 11:50 am


      truly very helpful…thanksss loadsss

      Reply

    139. jo sladky

      June 2, 2016 at 2:24 am


      this is so helpful, thanks

      Reply

    140. Noosh

      May 29, 2016 at 5:17 am


      i was going to use conventionally but i have already used it so i had to use significantly 😀

      Reply

    141. Georgia Kathleen

      May 26, 2016 at 11:11 pm


      This is really helpful, I’ve been looking to expand and vary the words I use during English exams. Thanks!

      Reply

    142. Inderpreet

      May 12, 2016 at 12:11 am


      thnk u for the amazing words…

      Reply

    143. Khirod Maharana

      May 11, 2016 at 9:17 pm


      I greatly appreciate & thankful…

      Reply

    144. Cheese

      May 10, 2016 at 7:57 pm


      Hello Oxford Royale community,
      Thank you for this extremely helpful guide on improving flow using phrases. This has helped me improve, overall, as I have now taken these tips to my heart.
      Thanks an awful lot,
      Cheese

      Reply

    145. angielski

      May 4, 2016 at 1:43 pm


      Very useful to have it in one place. Thanks !

      Reply

    146. SJAll

      May 4, 2016 at 3:58 am


      Nonsense.

      Quentin Crisp, upon being asked to give advice to aspiring writers replied:

      “Never read. This is very important. if you read books in order to improve your writing style, you will find yourself trying to write literature, instead of saying what you really mean. It’s very important not to get caught up trying to write better American prose. Don’t do any such thing. Just try to think, Am I saying what I mean? Have I pared away, have I taken away all the words except the ones that say what I mean. And then your writing will be fine. You have the most wonderful writers in America, really great stylists, people like Damon Runyon, and there’s no floweriness, no literary effect, in the work of Damon Runyon, he is as neat as he can possibly be. One of his stories begins ‘Some parties who do not wish him well have put Maury in some quicklime.’

      See: http://grammarpiano.blogspot.co.uk/2007/12/from-evening-with-quentin-crisp.html

      Reply

      • Dr. Jim Loving

        March 23, 2017 at 5:39 pm


        > Excellent advice. Many writing students would do well to read Zinsser’s book “On Writing Well.” He emphasizes clarity in writing, and no one does it better.

        Reply

    147. Asuna Yuuki

      May 1, 2016 at 12:07 pm


      Very useful for essay writing. Thanks a lot

      Reply

    148. Vape Naysh V/

      April 29, 2016 at 1:12 pm


      tanks m8 ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)

      Reply

    149. lyricist chaani

      April 23, 2016 at 1:29 pm


      it was really very usefull for me . so i am alluding to other students to use above lines

      Reply

    150. Juanaye goodall

      April 21, 2016 at 3:30 am


      This words are really going to help me in my graded essay tomorrow

      Reply

    151. Jiya Goyal

      April 13, 2016 at 3:20 pm


      thanks a lot…,helped me very much!!

      Reply

    152. Lekesh

      March 14, 2016 at 2:03 pm


      Thanks a lot….Helped me very much !!
      Really thanks for making this!!

      Reply

    153. ashrin

      March 7, 2016 at 11:33 am


      very helpful…………!!!!!!! 😀

      Reply

    154. Abhishek Mandge

      March 3, 2016 at 7:30 pm


      Its really useful for me

      Thank you……☺☺☺☺

      Reply

    155. shubham

      February 29, 2016 at 2:39 am


      I think this might help me to improve my essays.
      Thanks to whoever gave such great words?

      Reply

    156. Tanya Roy

      February 29, 2016 at 1:28 am


      Thñkß!!
      this phases helped me in 10th board icsc examination….. thanks a lot 😀

      Reply

    157. Divya

      February 28, 2016 at 6:04 pm


      In all probability I find this this things very helpful which would surely enhance my essay.

      Reply

    158. Unknown

      February 20, 2016 at 5:20 pm


      I think this might help me to improve my essays.
      Thanks to whoever gave such great words?

      Reply

    159. reyan

      February 17, 2016 at 2:58 pm


      Thanks it came in handy

      Reply

    160. Shruthi

      February 10, 2016 at 9:37 am


      Not useful…I want idioms and phrases please.

      Reply

      • ORA Admin

        February 12, 2016 at 9:45 am


        Dear Shruthi,

        Thank you for your comment. It is worth bearing in mind that examiners often consider idioms risky, as when over-used (or mis-used) they can place a candidate at a disadvantage. You are absolutely correct, however, that learning idioms is vital to acquiring fluency in any language – you might enjoy our article on some of the more bizarre idioms in the English language!

        Best of luck in your studies,

        The ORA Team

        Reply

    161. hanna

      February 5, 2016 at 6:26 am


      AMAZING!!!VERY USEFUL!!!
      THANK YOU SO MUCH

      Reply

    162. James

      February 4, 2016 at 3:54 pm


      Wow, this is really something valuable to me! I will have to jolt down all this and use them in my academic writing tmr.

      Reply

    163. Jass

      January 31, 2016 at 4:08 am


      Yes, it really works in my essay writing. Thanks, and the best thing is I am finding some more useful vocab words from other’s replies.:)

      Reply

      • Mofasa

        November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am


        > Oke i kno now veri muchh

        Reply

    164. Alex Joseph

      January 31, 2016 at 3:24 am


      THANK YOU so much!!

      Reply

    165. yahya

      January 28, 2016 at 12:52 pm


      it is very helpful idea because i have exam thxn

      Reply

    166. daddyshrekked

      January 19, 2016 at 8:34 pm


      Fantastic, wouldn’t do that well without it.

      Reply

    167. BOB

      January 19, 2016 at 8:33 pm


      really good, I loved it!
      Would really help in my test.

      Reply

    168. panthe veroski

      January 4, 2016 at 2:41 pm


      Thank you, it’s so useful!

      Reply

    169. cp8

      December 10, 2015 at 1:51 pm


      This is easily the go-to site when I write essays. Thank you!

      Reply

      • abdo raheem

        August 5, 2017 at 10:48 pm


        Thank a lot!

        Reply

    170. khalid Benameur

      December 9, 2015 at 8:48 pm


      really these are benificial words to use and Iam going to use them

      Reply

    171. Ahsan

      December 9, 2015 at 12:42 pm


      Really great info.
      I will use these words in content of my site in order to get best rankings.

      Reply

    172. pavla

      December 7, 2015 at 8:25 pm


      put (or set) the record straight
      essentially
      all in all

      Reply

    173. Jeff B.

      December 7, 2015 at 8:03 am


      Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.”
      Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided.

      Reply

      • Jeff B.

        December 7, 2015 at 10:43 am


        > * Assuming, of course, that my “comment above” is actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense…

        Reply

        • Daniel

          March 9, 2018 at 5:42 am


          Don’t worry, it was successfully posted

          Reply

    174. Jeff B.

      December 7, 2015 at 7:58 am


      While some of the suggestions in this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of clichés. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and “Another key thing to remember”) are clichés, and should be avoided in original writing.
      Another note: this article recommends the use of “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at Harvard University:
      “Avoid phrases like ‘in conclusion,’ ‘to conclude,’ ‘in
      summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be
      useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But
      readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the
      pages, when an essay is about to end. You’ll irritate
      your audience if you belabor the obvious.”
      (Source: http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/ending-essay-conclusions )
      If your readers cannot figure out that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to it.

      Reply

    175. Joey

      November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am


      I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the same?

      Reply

    176. courage

      November 26, 2015 at 5:29 pm


      thanks very much.very useful we look forward for other posts.

      Reply

    177. Yo

      November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm


      Good

      Reply

    178. Chala

      November 16, 2015 at 1:22 pm


      Thanks a lot for this helpful article. One question though:

      The example given for phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in a series of two items?

      Reply

      • Daniel

        March 9, 2018 at 4:24 am


        Yeah, i think it is

        Reply

    179. Alex

      November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am


      This is so great… thanks for the A grade

      Reply

    180. sania

      November 2, 2015 at 1:11 pm


      really..its very helpful
      im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous impact..in my result

      Reply

    181. nur amira

      October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm


      thanks it was indeed helpful

      Reply

    182. yoursif

      October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm


      nice

      Reply

    183. Tom Howell

      October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm


      *Gasp* As someone who has studied and takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of clichés will not aid you in your academic pursuits. This is a categorical list of English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course.
      Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in moderation. If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the use of language in literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to essay success.

      Reply

      • Jeff B.

        December 7, 2015 at 8:24 am


        > Tom, I must agree. In my English class such clichés as listed here would be highlighted and returned to the student with an admonition to “please use your own words,” or something to that effect.
        As I like to joke, “Clichés should be avoided like the plague.”

        Reply

    184. steven O’Donnell

      October 19, 2015 at 10:49 am


      I would have also included “in fact”

      Reply

    185. Missy

      October 18, 2015 at 3:29 pm


      Really helpful ……………. Thank you guys

      Reply

    186. Ayushi

      October 15, 2015 at 3:41 pm


      Thanks!! Really a very useful list!

      Reply

    187. Lilow W.

      October 14, 2015 at 3:09 am


      This article was wonderful. Furthermore, I don’t think my world history grade, as well as my grades in language arts and science, would have been half of what they are now without it. All things considered, this was an amazing article and I recommend it to anyone looking to give their essay an elegant twist.

      Reply

    188. faiz

      October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am


      This was useful for me.

      Reply

    189. Joe

      October 6, 2015 at 10:59 pm


      Thanks for the list. I think it would also be helpful to include a list of words to help express the thoughts of the writers being referenced in the essay, for example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the learning abilities of all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of ESL learners”. It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…”

      Reply

      • Moe Green

        December 18, 2017 at 2:19 pm


        I agree, do you have any words that could help me, would be really appreciated! THANKS IN ADVANVCE

        Reply

    190. Joanna

      October 4, 2015 at 4:47 pm


      This is helpful! Thanks for sharing!

      Reply

    191. haripriya

      September 23, 2015 at 1:04 am


      Thanks a lot! It was very helpful for my term end English examination!

      Reply

    192. David

      September 21, 2015 at 2:45 pm


      Great, thanks.

      Reply

    193. josphat lowoi

      September 16, 2015 at 8:04 am


      Good work..I greatly appreciate.

      Reply

    194. Sarah

      September 10, 2015 at 3:31 am


      what a great help in teaching children in writing essay……
      Thanks a lot

      Reply

    195. Anonymous

      September 2, 2015 at 3:37 pm


      Thank you for providing me with these phrases! They will certainly help me with my English paper.

      Reply

    196. aron

      August 30, 2015 at 4:26 pm


      Very useful

      Reply

      • Matorankle

        April 23, 2017 at 9:49 am


        > hooley doley

        Reply

      • ddstjrsg

        October 16, 2017 at 8:38 pm


        > no

        Reply

    197. maimunahm

      July 3, 2015 at 10:34 pm


      I am writing my thesis and it really helps me with it, thanks a lot.

      Reply

    198. Tim

      July 2, 2015 at 6:38 pm


      You did a wonderful job. Keep it up
      Tim – Saudi Arabia

      Reply

    199. Ali Zorab

      June 21, 2015 at 11:52 am


      Such great tips, indeed.

      Reply

    200. Suus

      June 9, 2015 at 8:40 pm


      These words will really help me doing my English writing exam well tomorrow! 🙂

      Reply

    201. Lysha

      June 7, 2015 at 7:21 am


      Great!! Thank you so much for including the tips above

      Reply

    202. william

      June 5, 2015 at 5:17 am


      Thank you very much, I’m having my O-level English in about 2 hours now and you really helped me. I’m sure i can score an A now 😀

      Reply

    203. phertauwete

      June 2, 2015 at 1:48 am


      Thanks so much, I got it.

      Reply

    204. Mike

      May 26, 2015 at 2:39 pm


      These are reach-me-downs and the ideas you express are poorly connected. For example, ‘As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” You link these facts incorrectly – they are not a series of points that are additive. They are causally related, i.e. one is a consequence of the other. I believe this is better, both logically and stylistically:
      ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the importance of improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’

      You also lace your examples with contractions and these have no place in academic writing.

      Reply

      • Helena

        September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am


        uhhh…

        Reply

      • Dr. Jim Loving

        March 23, 2017 at 5:33 pm


        > You are correct. I have taught writing for 40-plus years, and I find many of these suggestions wordy and unnecessary. For instance, “In order to” can simply to be “To.”

        Reply

        • Henri

          April 20, 2018 at 3:37 am


          yes it might be unnecessary but “in order to” is 3 words and “to” is only 1 word
          Keep that in mind

          Reply

      • NISHANT

        December 20, 2017 at 4:32 am


        Thank you so much. Exactly what I was looking for.

        Reply

    205. gimhan savinda

      May 25, 2015 at 8:56 am


      This was great, thanks a lot for these meaningful words. Hopefully I can face my exam in good perfect manner. Thanks a lot for the assistant support.

      Reply

      • Ikoo

        December 27, 2015 at 10:55 am


        I need more information about black’s writing .also,his romantic way in nature . Please could you help me ?

        Reply

    206. juules

      May 19, 2015 at 4:50 pm


      ostensibly appears? tautologies seem to be a thing in the english language

      Reply

    207. Aleena

      May 16, 2015 at 5:31 am


      These words are quite knowledgeable to me because when I was writing an essay my phrases are so absurd to put it another way these words make my essay beautiful. Thank you for providing such words.

      Reply

    208. Oxford Student

      May 8, 2015 at 8:51 pm


      Thank you, for your excellent choice of words oxford is very hard on you as it is one of the top schools so I appreciate these words.

      Reply

    209. Danny

      May 6, 2015 at 3:08 pm


      Thank you for your help. My essay will be great!

      Reply

    210. Dan

      May 4, 2015 at 1:47 pm


      Thanks so much, this is really going to help my essay. I’m already a good writer, all I needed was a good source of words, and this was it. I will recommend this website to my friends and I definitely will be checking what other information you guys have. Thanks!

      Reply

    211. Rihards

      May 3, 2015 at 10:44 pm


      Thanks!
      Wouldn’t do as great without this!

      Reply

    212. Loli

      March 31, 2015 at 11:04 pm


      it is wonderful, you’ve helped so much!!!!!!!!

      Reply

    213. Abhijeet

      March 28, 2015 at 6:06 am


      Perhaps “In the wake of” would have been feasible to be included

      Reply

    214. Ayanika Arora

      February 26, 2015 at 9:08 am


      Thankyou……………….was really useful.

      Reply

    215. Lucienne

      February 13, 2015 at 10:53 am


      Thank you so much, really useful!

      Reply

      • Dhanushreddy

        October 5, 2015 at 12:40 pm


        > very useful for students

        Reply

    216. Ram

      February 8, 2015 at 8:12 am


      Thank you very much.
      Useful for my revision.
      Keep in touch!

      Reply

    217. Tanya

      February 5, 2015 at 12:36 pm


      Thanks.Very useful.

      Reply

    218. Amila

      January 13, 2015 at 2:55 am


      Wonderful. Thank you so much. Keep in touch

      Reply

    219. Jimmy Tan

      January 9, 2015 at 8:47 am


      Good tips.

      Reply

      • AN INDIAN

        January 23, 2016 at 1:13 am


        It is very useful for junior as well as to senior.It is awesome………………
        thanks for this

        Reply

        • Mofasa

          November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am


          > oke

          Reply

          • ddstjrsg

            October 16, 2017 at 8:39 pm


            > no

            Reply

            • Rayan

              October 27, 2017 at 1:54 pm


              > yeah

            • diamond

              January 29, 2018 at 9:04 pm


              okay

        • Vaibhavi

          March 10, 2017 at 3:30 pm


          >true tho?

          Reply

        • felix

          May 4, 2017 at 3:54 pm


          > thats me

          Reply

          • arjun

            September 17, 2017 at 8:02 am


            > is that you

            Reply

        • king kasten

          October 19, 2017 at 8:01 am


          > no problem

          Reply

      • ron

        April 29, 2016 at 1:13 pm


        > very helpful

        Reply

      • RedKeyMon

        September 1, 2016 at 1:18 am


        Ty bruv! It’s really useful!

        Reply

        • Ranch Dressing

          November 26, 2016 at 12:00 pm


          >This the real RedKeyMon?

          Reply

        • inosh

          May 26, 2017 at 2:28 pm


          Realy helpful
          >

          Reply

          • Potato man

            April 18, 2018 at 12:10 am


            Really*

            Reply

      • winter the savage

        September 7, 2016 at 12:04 am


        > yeh these words are lit

        Reply

        • Wormtail

          January 22, 2018 at 9:19 pm


          Rofl

          Reply

        • jay

          January 25, 2018 at 12:25 am


          yeh tru tho xD

          Reply

      • Freya

        October 15, 2016 at 6:19 pm


        Thanks!! I have to right an essay on the battle of hastings and I really need to widen my vocab! It really helped>

        Reply

        • Moccha

          May 7, 2018 at 8:28 am


          write*

          Reply

      • rose

        December 12, 2016 at 1:13 pm


        > great thanks,now i know how to use big words in an argumentative essay.

        Reply

      • nikie

        April 18, 2017 at 4:55 pm


        > very very useful!

        Reply

      • Anthony

        May 26, 2017 at 9:13 am


        > Thanks for the article!

        Reply

      • leon lohmann

        October 19, 2017 at 8:02 am


        > no, thats false

        Reply

      • leon lohmann

        October 19, 2017 at 8:27 am


        > DAs ist alles schwachsinn

        Reply

        • THEANAMEX

          February 6, 2018 at 1:57 pm


          Da

          Reply

      • Wan Smith

        November 22, 2017 at 11:20 am


        > It is a good attempt to write about the important components and structure the essay or article to perform with the better assignments and build a concrete competent writing.

        Reply

      • Oxford

        January 10, 2018 at 1:35 pm


        Good

        Reply


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    Articles

    40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays



    |

    267 comments


    To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them. It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in English.

    General explaining

    Let’s start by looking at language for general explanations of complex points.

    1. In order to

    Usage: “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument.

    Example: “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.”

    2. In other words

    Usage: Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point.

    Example: “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.”

    3. To put it another way

    Usage: This phrase is another way of saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of its significance.

    Example: “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.”

    4. That is to say

    Usage: “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise.

    Example: “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.”

    5. To that end

    Usage: Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”.

    Example: “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.”

     

    Graphs and phone.

     

    Adding additional information to support a point

    Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this.

    6. Moreover

    Usage: Employ “moreover” at the start of a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making.

    Example: “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…”

    7. Furthermore

    Usage:This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information.

    Example: “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…”

    8. What’s more

    Usage: This is used in the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”.

    Example: “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.”

    9. Likewise

    Usage: Use “likewise” when you want to talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned.

    Example: “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.”

    10. Similarly

    Usage: Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”.

    Example: “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.”

    11. Another key thing to remember

    Usage: Use the phrase “another key point to remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”.

    Example: “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.”

    12. As well as

    Usage: Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”.

    Example: “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.”

    13. Not only… but also

    Usage: This wording is used to add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information.

    Example: “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.”

    14. Coupled with

    Usage: Used when considering two or more arguments at a time.

    Example: “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…”

    15. Firstly, secondly, thirdly…

    Usage: This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other.

    Example: “There are many points in support of this view. Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z.

    16. Not to mention/to say nothing of

    Usage: “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis.

    Example: “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.”

    Fountain pen and flower.

     

    Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast

    When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting.

    17. However

    Usage: Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said.

    Example: “Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.”

    18. On the other hand

    Usage: Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion.

    Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.”

    19. Having said that

    Usage: Used in a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”.

    Example: “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.”

    20. By contrast/in comparison

    Usage: Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of evidence.

    Example: “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.”

    21. Then again

    Usage: Use this to cast doubt on an assertion.

    Example: “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.”

    22. That said

    Usage: This is used in the same way as “then again”.

    Example: “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.”

    23. Yet

    Usage: Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea.

    Example: “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.”

    Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations

    Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so.

    24. Despite this

    Usage: Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence.

    Example: “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.”

    25. With this in mind

    Usage: Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else.

    Example: “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.”

    26. Provided that

    Usage: This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the same thing.

    Example: “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.”

    27. In view of/in light of

    Usage: These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else.

    Example: “In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…”

    28. Nonetheless

    Usage: This is similar to “despite this”.

    Example: “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.”

    29. Nevertheless

    Usage: This is the same as “nonetheless”.

    Example: “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.”

    30. Notwithstanding

    Usage: This is another way of saying “nonetheless”.

    Example: “Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.”

     

     

    Giving examples

    Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing.

    31. For instance

    Example: “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…”

    32. To give an illustration

    Example: “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of…”

     

    Fountain Pen.

     

    Signifying importance

    When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such.

    33. Significantly

    Usage: Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent.

    Example: “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.”

    34. Notably

    Usage: This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the first of these ways of using it).

    Example: “Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.”

    35. Importantly

    Usage: Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”.

    Example: “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.”

     

    Summarising

    You’ve almost made it to the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Here are some words and phrases to help you.

    36. In conclusion

    Usage: Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in a broad overview.

    Example: “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.”

    37. Above all

    Usage: Used to signify what you believe to be the most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay.

    Example: “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…”

    38. Persuasive

    Usage: This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing.

    Example: “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.”

    39. Compelling

    Usage: Use in the same way as “persuasive” above.

    Example: “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.”

    40. All things considered

    Usage: This means “taking everything into account”. Example: “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…”

     

    How many of these words and phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from our list? Let us know in the comments below!

     

     

    Image credits: banner ; woman writing I ; pen and notebook ; pen and flower ; woman writing II ; notebook ; pen .

    Comments (267)

    1. dSkill

      April 29, 2018 at 5:45 pm


      Thank’s It’s very usefull for me
      btw i’m German ^^
      KEEP IT UP!!

      Reply

    2. Mussie

      April 28, 2018 at 5:48 am


      It was helpful to urge someone on who hesitates between writing and keep his hands off the paper.

      Reply

    3. Shazab

      April 25, 2018 at 2:12 pm


      Great

      Reply

    4. Exclusive Papers

      April 25, 2018 at 10:25 am


      Thanks for an outstanding article! Using these phases helps to improve essay writing skills significantly! I’ve added this post to bookmarks 🙂

      Reply

    5. M.Arshad

      April 18, 2018 at 7:36 pm


      Oxford providing quality education since long thanks Oxford

      Reply

    6. Lyla

      April 2, 2018 at 3:00 pm


      Am, it’s also useful phrase to summarising : Taking everything into account, 🙂

      Reply

    7. Ummie ammira

      March 10, 2018 at 10:55 am


      This is good to improve my skills on writing essay for my exam And SPM

      Reply

    8. Ibrahim Adnan

      March 6, 2018 at 12:40 pm


      Quite helpful. Is this list also useful in O levels?

      Reply

    9. Santoshini kar

      February 26, 2018 at 2:28 am


      Nice….. good job …a set of good words that mainly a junior required…for an essay….?

      Reply

    10. monry bg

      February 22, 2018 at 2:49 pm


      super useful thx!

      Reply

    11. Knuckles

      February 21, 2018 at 5:00 pm


      Thanks c:

      Reply

    12. Tobias

      February 3, 2018 at 8:40 am


      Very wonderful

      Reply

    13. djimi

      January 28, 2018 at 12:00 pm


      Add a comment… i’m ever so blessful about your essue that helps

      Reply

    14. amaira singhania

      January 8, 2018 at 2:45 pm


      It was absolutely very very useful
      #love at first sight

      Reply

    15. bla

      December 12, 2017 at 9:41 pm


      Great site

      Reply

    16. BIG SHACK

      December 11, 2017 at 11:29 pm


      MANS NOT HOT…but these words are amirite ayeee…get lit fam but don’t do drugs kids

      Reply

    17. James Higgins

      December 5, 2017 at 1:14 pm


      Wow, super useful thank you

      Reply

    18. tarf

      December 4, 2017 at 7:56 pm


      really helpfull, thanks!!

      Reply

    19. sunil

      December 3, 2017 at 4:25 pm


      Thanks a lot.

      Reply

    20. Yasar Ali

      November 28, 2017 at 1:40 pm


      Oh, Thank you so much for the amazing article.
      It helps me write amazing & effective articles and blog posts for my blog readers.

      Much appreciate.
      Yasar

      Reply

    21. Jared

      November 14, 2017 at 9:46 pm


      Transition words before a comma are totally unnecessary. Never use firstly, secondly, lastly, etc. Anyone reading your essay should know how to count. Certain exceptions do apply as they use more mature language, but basic phrases like “in conclusion” seem childish. We know what a conclusion looks like, you don’t need to tell me where it starts as long as it summarizes what I’ve already read.

      Reply

    22. jgdfkyu

      November 14, 2017 at 2:54 pm


      I would say good job, but……. I don’t understand anything

      Reply

    23. free

      November 9, 2017 at 6:18 pm


      It is really a nice and useful piece of information. I am
      glad that you shared this helpful information with us.
      Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

      Reply

    24. 🙁

      November 6, 2017 at 9:35 pm


      i cant wait to claim benefits 😉

      Reply

    25. Ahlaiyah

      October 24, 2017 at 4:14 pm


      This is a good website

      Reply

    26. Syed Haider Naseem

      October 20, 2017 at 5:27 pm


      Wow, these phrases really been fruitful for me.
      They can helpful in getting 8.0 in writing.
      Anyhow, what the majestic words these are….!!!
      Grateful….

      Reply

    27. Natalie

      October 16, 2017 at 4:24 pm


      These will help me get my English degree..thanks!! ♡

      Reply

    28. Private info

      October 7, 2017 at 12:11 am


      I am a homeschooler, studying to be a doctor and I am learning how to write thesis for college so I can get a scholarship. So thank you for the help

      Reply

    29. Yan

      September 29, 2017 at 7:56 pm


      Thank you!

      Reply

    30. Wrier

      September 28, 2017 at 12:35 pm


      Very usefull. Thanks.

      Reply

    31. Aman

      September 12, 2017 at 7:25 am


      osm

      Reply

    32. true

      September 4, 2017 at 1:02 pm


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      Reply

    33. Laura Croft

      August 31, 2017 at 1:21 pm


      Not to mention that my favourite words to use in academic writing are thus and hence! 😀

      Reply

    34. gkmurthy

      August 19, 2017 at 2:02 am


      they are there. but we won’t use them frequently. that’s the problem

      Reply

    35. helani

      August 8, 2017 at 4:01 am


      Thank you very much

      Reply

    36. shourya mathur

      August 2, 2017 at 7:01 pm


      maha chutiyapa!!!!!!

      Reply

    37. MAika

      August 2, 2017 at 6:59 pm


      Thanks.. i was struggling alot.. but now this made it a lot easier???

      Reply

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      Reply

    41. Bubbablueeeee

      July 24, 2017 at 11:48 am


      This was so helpful ty

      Reply

    42. Praveen ravindran

      July 18, 2017 at 7:10 am


      Thank you!! this words wil defintly help me on essay once again thanks to you. please try this words on essay turst me!

      Reply

    43. Mary Brooks

      July 12, 2017 at 10:43 pm


      What beautiful way for write, they person that write about Blake

      Reply

    44. Ali

      June 25, 2017 at 12:57 pm


      Awesome
      Thanks….

      Reply

    45. mamta v gandhi

      June 16, 2017 at 3:15 pm


      it just helped me a lot …not only me but many of the people ..i was shocked seeing so many comments that it helped many people, these phrases and words were so helpful to me Oh My God …thanks a lot …

      Reply

    46. nicole

      June 15, 2017 at 5:59 am


      thanks it was very helpful

      Reply

    47. Daniel John Seni

      June 14, 2017 at 5:20 am


      This article is very important and useful! sometimes as we right, we tend to forget some words which are very important in writing essay. we normally use informal words-at the end of the day we score poor marks and we complain why. Thanks for the one who prepared.

      Reply

    48. mariah

      June 12, 2017 at 4:31 pm


      not very helpful I am sorry

      Reply

    49. Genius alien

      June 12, 2017 at 1:38 pm


      Yeah ty a lot it can help me beat my bro at writing essay 🙂

      Reply

    50. Aids

      June 10, 2017 at 7:20 pm


      Thanks, this helped me a lot. – Aiden from Zimbabwe

      Reply

    51. Amisha

      June 9, 2017 at 7:52 pm


      Helped me in my test as well as in increasing my vocabulary

      Reply

    52. Ellie

      June 4, 2017 at 3:01 pm


      this was really helpful thank you so much !

      Reply

    53. Wowie

      June 1, 2017 at 7:02 am


      Perfect! Thanks for the tip!

      Reply

    54. kato

      May 31, 2017 at 10:18 am


      damn, that is just what I need, thanks.

      Reply

    55. fabi

      May 29, 2017 at 1:46 am


      Fantastic
      I proud of you because you helped other on their study very beautifully

      Reply

    56. Jesse and Micheal

      May 26, 2017 at 4:48 am


      Very very useful

      Reply

    57. watchsuperwomanonyoutube

      May 14, 2017 at 4:55 am


      thanks. now I can impress my English teacher!

      Reply

    58. harper123

      May 14, 2017 at 4:52 am


      neat. helped me a lot

      Reply

    59. Ujjwal Sawarn

      May 11, 2017 at 9:22 pm


      These aren’t just catchy and strongly pronounced but moreover, they extend the length of the sentence. It’s one of the best parts of this article.
      Thanks again.

      Reply

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    61. Daniru

      April 26, 2017 at 5:35 pm


      Really ,really helpful article for the exams

      Reply

    62. loshnee

      April 25, 2017 at 8:55 am


      Thanks for your information it was so helpfull to me even i get 2 a in exam paper 1 and 2 i think it helpfull to junior and senior student.

      Reply

    63. edward

      April 19, 2017 at 2:16 am


      wow

      Reply

    64. Sameer The Nice

      April 18, 2017 at 11:40 pm


      Wanderful, although I don’t need them at all.
      Nice job, could be usefull in the future although I don’t intend to

      Reply

    65. Omar Hidar

      April 18, 2017 at 8:09 pm


      Pretty nice, I benefitted alot from it, thank you

      Reply

    66. Tawanda Bundukutu

      April 1, 2017 at 3:30 pm


      very useful

      Reply

    67. fatima

      March 30, 2017 at 4:34 pm


      very useful tnx

      Reply

    68. Yaroslav

      March 25, 2017 at 8:51 pm


      Thanks! Working on it.

      Reply

    69. stella

      March 23, 2017 at 7:13 am


      thank you so much, it is awesome especially to foreign students like me

      Reply

    70. Benmaamar

      March 9, 2017 at 8:12 pm


      Thanks

      Reply

    71. Priyanshu Raturi

      March 9, 2017 at 5:18 pm


      It is Best For Students In ICSE 10th Really Helps To Impress The Examiner

      Reply

    72. Jay Munjapra

      March 9, 2017 at 1:51 am


      Helped me a lot…

      Reply

    73. saanvi

      March 8, 2017 at 11:19 am


      nice dude really loved it

      Reply

    74. ally

      March 2, 2017 at 6:19 am


      thanks

      Reply

    75. Ashton

      March 1, 2017 at 11:12 pm


      Was in English class and our teacher told us to go on this website and I’m really bored at the moment.

      Reply

    76. Faiz

      February 25, 2017 at 3:52 am


      Very help for my SPM

      Reply

    77. Faiz

      February 25, 2017 at 3:51 am


      Very help for my SPM

      Reply

    78. Saud

      February 21, 2017 at 6:16 pm


      Awesome, very helpful ????????

      Reply

    79. Barath

      February 18, 2017 at 4:43 pm


      Thanks for ur information

      Reply

    80. Barath

      February 18, 2017 at 4:41 pm


      Very useful for me as I am seven th only

      Reply

    81. Kai Awesome

      February 4, 2017 at 12:52 am


      This helped me a lot. Thanks

      Reply

    82. Krishna

      January 30, 2017 at 4:50 pm


      Perspicuous to read and grasp.

      Reply

    83. Steph

      January 22, 2017 at 12:25 pm


      Brilliant! Very useful.

      Reply

    84. nebiat tesfay

      January 15, 2017 at 7:58 am


      thanks it really helpfull

      Reply

    85. jojo

      January 5, 2017 at 4:20 pm


      excellent

      Reply

    86. uiyu

      January 5, 2017 at 4:20 pm


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      Reply

    87. uiyu

      January 5, 2017 at 4:19 pm


      awesome

      Reply

    88. Sayu

      January 3, 2017 at 12:40 am


      Very useful students. It helped me a lot. Thanks

      Reply

    89. fatma

      December 21, 2016 at 8:04 pm


      wow!! these words are great . Thank you so much for such a help ; you’ve really helped me. Another point to remember :p is that my essay is thirsty to such words . ^^ thanks

      Reply

    90. shoneymol shaju

      December 18, 2016 at 10:18 am


      This is really helpful to all and puts new updates for everyone’s knowledge. I could know more than before and I am approaching IELTS exam so it will be helpful for me in writing.

      Reply

    91. falahi

      December 17, 2016 at 10:27 am


      Thanks to your efforts. It’s great!

      Reply

    92. Ameer

      December 14, 2016 at 5:32 pm


      Much obliged and honoured to come across such a rhetorical and journalistic piece of writing.

      Reply

      • fatma

        December 21, 2016 at 8:08 pm


        > yes you’re right man. Can we be friends to exchange our essays if you want to !?

        Reply

    93. Erkin

      December 12, 2016 at 4:40 pm


      “To sum up” is also a good one for the finishing paragraph. And it is not commonly used.

      Reply

    94. Succ

      December 12, 2016 at 12:11 pm


      Just kidding, it was really helpful need linking words and good phrases like this makes essay better and advanced

      Reply

    95. Eden

      December 9, 2016 at 1:53 am


      I wish you would make it a book. This is a life saver to non native speakers.

      Reply

    96. Nick

      December 3, 2016 at 3:56 pm


      All of these phrases helped a lot to write an assay. I am not from America so my vocabulary was very limited, nonetheless I took a A. Thank you very much for your help and pls let me know if you have any books that are going to help to write an assay. Have a wonderful day!!!

      Reply

    97. Vrunda

      December 2, 2016 at 1:06 pm


      Thank you so much for such a significant piece of knowledge. Please keep writing such useful posts.

      Reply

    98. Lia

      December 1, 2016 at 4:33 pm


      I am so glad, that some people write down these really helpful words. My essay will sound great 😉
      Thank you so much 🙂

      Reply

    99. Lia

      December 1, 2016 at 4:31 pm


      Thx 🙂

      Reply

    100. Brenda McDermott

      November 8, 2016 at 7:07 pm


      LOVE YOU ALL, THANKS FOR ALL THIS HELP, IT’S INVALUABLE FOR ACADEMIC ESSAY WRITING SKILLS

      Reply

    101. Leah okoth

      November 8, 2016 at 11:51 am


      Thank you so much. You have made it sink into my head. I believe it will help me even in my presentation.

      Reply

    102. Ro Mon Lian

      November 5, 2016 at 6:13 pm


      Thank you a lot, It is massively helpful for a beginner. How can we learn more? Is there any book to purchase?

      Reply

    103. Julia Jeka

      November 1, 2016 at 2:41 pm


      Great!! They are all really helpful!!!

      Reply

    104. sylvia

      November 1, 2016 at 1:15 am


      this are very helpful, thanks bro : )

      Reply

    105. lolo

      October 30, 2016 at 1:28 am


      thank you

      Reply

    106. KittyKat300

      October 26, 2016 at 11:52 pm


      Awesome tips I got a great grade!

      Reply

    107. Carol

      October 26, 2016 at 4:52 am


      These cliche phrase will NOT help you write a top-notch essay. Do NOT use these.

      Reply

    108. Stormy

      October 26, 2016 at 4:50 am


      Are you kidding!?!
      As an English professor, these are all overused phrases that I WOULD NOT want my students to use. I teach my students how to be original rather than use cliche phrases. Ugh! Not helpful. You’re perpetuating the worst in writing.

      Reply

      • sylvia

        November 1, 2016 at 1:17 am


        majority, it helped a lot of people!!

        Reply

      • Hope

        December 21, 2016 at 8:14 pm


        > you’re the one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all 😉 Thanks .

        Reply

      • Hope

        December 21, 2016 at 8:16 pm


        > > you’re the one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all ? Thanks .

        Reply

    109. Achyuth

      October 19, 2016 at 9:45 am


      Pretty useful

      Reply

    110. Tanyu Gracious

      October 4, 2016 at 5:19 am


      Amazingly great one..(^_^)
      Not only my essay but my language has also impproved.
      Thanks a lot.
      Grace~©™

      Reply

    111. moomina

      September 21, 2016 at 5:10 pm


      the best thing on internet i found so far is this article , I must say its a brilliant peace of work . hands up for the writer.

      Reply

    112. Tanmay

      September 20, 2016 at 2:30 pm


      That were fantabulous ……..
      Would like to add a few more….
      ‘ a sharp irony ‘. Meaning- a sharp contrast
      ‘ inspite of the fact that….’

      Reply

    113. Rowan

      September 17, 2016 at 2:59 pm


      I use these words all the time in my undergrad papers, yet my lecturers always complain that theses words are high school level writing. :/

      Reply

    114. kira Mayfield

      September 16, 2016 at 1:47 am


      I think that you should add exclusively

      Reply

    115. kira Mayfield

      September 16, 2016 at 1:46 am


      I believe think that you should add exclusively

      Reply

    116. joe anchany

      September 16, 2016 at 1:39 am


      the word more plausible and supplementary.

      Reply

    117. Emerjihlia

      September 15, 2016 at 4:36 am


      Wish you had more words on this, otherwise it made my essay from an F to an A+. I guess I had to do some work to though, that’s some effort!

      Reply

    118. Tinye Rae

      September 15, 2016 at 4:33 am


      My writing literately changed immensely bro. peace…

      Reply

    119. Yhandamene

      September 15, 2016 at 4:31 am


      i am not ameracan and i am a xchang student, this was good for mee.

      Reply

    120. Student

      September 15, 2016 at 4:29 am


      I think that these are amazingly helpful. You should add a few words though.

      Reply

    121. Student

      September 15, 2016 at 4:28 am


      This was SOOOO helpful, I got an A.

      Reply

    122. Mounika

      September 5, 2016 at 12:16 pm


      Very useful. Thanks a ton 🙂

      Reply

    123. Tanya Roy

      August 22, 2016 at 2:09 am


      It’s really useful for me…

      thnkiew so much..???

      Reply

    124. ananay chhetri 7

      August 19, 2016 at 5:44 pm


      It was very use full tu me … Keep in touch …. I scored 18/20 in essay n letter
      ?

      Reply

    125. Prabanya

      August 16, 2016 at 1:12 pm


      They were very simple..
      But, good.. They helped me..
      Thank you *_* !!

      Reply

    126. Widya

      August 10, 2016 at 8:41 am


      very useful, thanks a lot

      Reply

    127. ashok kumar

      July 19, 2016 at 8:01 pm


      very useful guidelines
      thank you so much.

      Reply

    128. Fernando

      July 12, 2016 at 10:06 am


      Thanks

      Reply

    129. Pius Ndeti

      July 1, 2016 at 2:16 pm


      In light of the new learning, I am not only inspired, but also enthralled.

      Reply

    130. Chris Speck

      June 28, 2016 at 4:30 pm


      Great stuff, thanks

      Reply

    131. Vivian

      June 27, 2016 at 7:18 am


      Thank you so much for the useful words to use in essay. This help me a lot.

      Reply

    132. Ranthimo

      June 25, 2016 at 2:00 pm


      It is my first encounter with these eye opening phrases. Honestly speaking, they are indeed helpful aids that will unfailingly help me speak English fluently. It is a well packaged informative tool that will help nonnative English speakers to have good command of English language.Thank you very much for your good effort.

      Reply

    133. Tuan

      June 22, 2016 at 1:49 pm


      Thank you so so muchh

      Reply

    134. Sohaib

      June 18, 2016 at 4:48 pm


      It’s really awesome. As well as helpful thanks a lot

      Reply

    135. Alan

      June 13, 2016 at 6:54 pm


      Thanks.so helpful

      Reply

    136. Wish

      June 4, 2016 at 2:04 pm


      This was very much useful to me. I pay my regards hundreds and thousands of times. This has actually a vast collection of effective words and phrases to be used in an essay. Once again thank you. ?

      Reply

    137. Kannan.P

      June 2, 2016 at 2:37 pm


      Could you please add more pharse. Thanks

      Reply

    138. irisha

      June 2, 2016 at 11:50 am


      truly very helpful…thanksss loadsss

      Reply

    139. jo sladky

      June 2, 2016 at 2:24 am


      this is so helpful, thanks

      Reply

    140. Noosh

      May 29, 2016 at 5:17 am


      i was going to use conventionally but i have already used it so i had to use significantly 😀

      Reply

    141. Georgia Kathleen

      May 26, 2016 at 11:11 pm


      This is really helpful, I’ve been looking to expand and vary the words I use during English exams. Thanks!

      Reply

    142. Inderpreet

      May 12, 2016 at 12:11 am


      thnk u for the amazing words…

      Reply

    143. Khirod Maharana

      May 11, 2016 at 9:17 pm


      I greatly appreciate & thankful…

      Reply

    144. Cheese

      May 10, 2016 at 7:57 pm


      Hello Oxford Royale community,
      Thank you for this extremely helpful guide on improving flow using phrases. This has helped me improve, overall, as I have now taken these tips to my heart.
      Thanks an awful lot,
      Cheese

      Reply

    145. angielski

      May 4, 2016 at 1:43 pm


      Very useful to have it in one place. Thanks !

      Reply

    146. SJAll

      May 4, 2016 at 3:58 am


      Nonsense.

      Quentin Crisp, upon being asked to give advice to aspiring writers replied:

      “Never read. This is very important. if you read books in order to improve your writing style, you will find yourself trying to write literature, instead of saying what you really mean. It’s very important not to get caught up trying to write better American prose. Don’t do any such thing. Just try to think, Am I saying what I mean? Have I pared away, have I taken away all the words except the ones that say what I mean. And then your writing will be fine. You have the most wonderful writers in America, really great stylists, people like Damon Runyon, and there’s no floweriness, no literary effect, in the work of Damon Runyon, he is as neat as he can possibly be. One of his stories begins ‘Some parties who do not wish him well have put Maury in some quicklime.’

      See: http://grammarpiano.blogspot.co.uk/2007/12/from-evening-with-quentin-crisp.html

      Reply

      • Dr. Jim Loving

        March 23, 2017 at 5:39 pm


        > Excellent advice. Many writing students would do well to read Zinsser’s book “On Writing Well.” He emphasizes clarity in writing, and no one does it better.

        Reply

    147. Asuna Yuuki

      May 1, 2016 at 12:07 pm


      Very useful for essay writing. Thanks a lot

      Reply

    148. Vape Naysh V/

      April 29, 2016 at 1:12 pm


      tanks m8 ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)

      Reply

    149. lyricist chaani

      April 23, 2016 at 1:29 pm


      it was really very usefull for me . so i am alluding to other students to use above lines

      Reply

    150. Juanaye goodall

      April 21, 2016 at 3:30 am


      This words are really going to help me in my graded essay tomorrow

      Reply

    151. Jiya Goyal

      April 13, 2016 at 3:20 pm


      thanks a lot…,helped me very much!!

      Reply

    152. Lekesh

      March 14, 2016 at 2:03 pm


      Thanks a lot….Helped me very much !!
      Really thanks for making this!!

      Reply

    153. ashrin

      March 7, 2016 at 11:33 am


      very helpful…………!!!!!!! 😀

      Reply

    154. Abhishek Mandge

      March 3, 2016 at 7:30 pm


      Its really useful for me

      Thank you……☺☺☺☺

      Reply

    155. shubham

      February 29, 2016 at 2:39 am


      I think this might help me to improve my essays.
      Thanks to whoever gave such great words?

      Reply

    156. Tanya Roy

      February 29, 2016 at 1:28 am


      Thñkß!!
      this phases helped me in 10th board icsc examination….. thanks a lot 😀

      Reply

    157. Divya

      February 28, 2016 at 6:04 pm


      In all probability I find this this things very helpful which would surely enhance my essay.

      Reply

    158. Unknown

      February 20, 2016 at 5:20 pm


      I think this might help me to improve my essays.
      Thanks to whoever gave such great words?

      Reply

    159. reyan

      February 17, 2016 at 2:58 pm


      Thanks it came in handy

      Reply

    160. Shruthi

      February 10, 2016 at 9:37 am


      Not useful…I want idioms and phrases please.

      Reply

      • ORA Admin

        February 12, 2016 at 9:45 am


        Dear Shruthi,

        Thank you for your comment. It is worth bearing in mind that examiners often consider idioms risky, as when over-used (or mis-used) they can place a candidate at a disadvantage. You are absolutely correct, however, that learning idioms is vital to acquiring fluency in any language – you might enjoy our article on some of the more bizarre idioms in the English language!

        Best of luck in your studies,

        The ORA Team

        Reply

    161. hanna

      February 5, 2016 at 6:26 am


      AMAZING!!!VERY USEFUL!!!
      THANK YOU SO MUCH

      Reply

    162. James

      February 4, 2016 at 3:54 pm


      Wow, this is really something valuable to me! I will have to jolt down all this and use them in my academic writing tmr.

      Reply

    163. Jass

      January 31, 2016 at 4:08 am


      Yes, it really works in my essay writing. Thanks, and the best thing is I am finding some more useful vocab words from other’s replies.:)

      Reply

      • Mofasa

        November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am


        > Oke i kno now veri muchh

        Reply

    164. Alex Joseph

      January 31, 2016 at 3:24 am


      THANK YOU so much!!

      Reply

    165. yahya

      January 28, 2016 at 12:52 pm


      it is very helpful idea because i have exam thxn

      Reply

    166. daddyshrekked

      January 19, 2016 at 8:34 pm


      Fantastic, wouldn’t do that well without it.

      Reply

    167. BOB

      January 19, 2016 at 8:33 pm


      really good, I loved it!
      Would really help in my test.

      Reply

    168. panthe veroski

      January 4, 2016 at 2:41 pm


      Thank you, it’s so useful!

      Reply

    169. cp8

      December 10, 2015 at 1:51 pm


      This is easily the go-to site when I write essays. Thank you!

      Reply

      • abdo raheem

        August 5, 2017 at 10:48 pm


        Thank a lot!

        Reply

    170. khalid Benameur

      December 9, 2015 at 8:48 pm


      really these are benificial words to use and Iam going to use them

      Reply

    171. Ahsan

      December 9, 2015 at 12:42 pm


      Really great info.
      I will use these words in content of my site in order to get best rankings.

      Reply

    172. pavla

      December 7, 2015 at 8:25 pm


      put (or set) the record straight
      essentially
      all in all

      Reply

    173. Jeff B.

      December 7, 2015 at 8:03 am


      Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.”
      Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided.

      Reply

      • Jeff B.

        December 7, 2015 at 10:43 am


        > * Assuming, of course, that my “comment above” is actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense…

        Reply

        • Daniel

          March 9, 2018 at 5:42 am


          Don’t worry, it was successfully posted

          Reply

    174. Jeff B.

      December 7, 2015 at 7:58 am


      While some of the suggestions in this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of clichés. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and “Another key thing to remember”) are clichés, and should be avoided in original writing.
      Another note: this article recommends the use of “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at Harvard University:
      “Avoid phrases like ‘in conclusion,’ ‘to conclude,’ ‘in
      summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be
      useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But
      readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the
      pages, when an essay is about to end. You’ll irritate
      your audience if you belabor the obvious.”
      (Source: http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/ending-essay-conclusions )
      If your readers cannot figure out that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to it.

      Reply

    175. Joey

      November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am


      I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the same?

      Reply

    176. courage

      November 26, 2015 at 5:29 pm


      thanks very much.very useful we look forward for other posts.

      Reply

    177. Yo

      November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm


      Good

      Reply

    178. Chala

      November 16, 2015 at 1:22 pm


      Thanks a lot for this helpful article. One question though:

      The example given for phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in a series of two items?

      Reply

      • Daniel

        March 9, 2018 at 4:24 am


        Yeah, i think it is

        Reply

    179. Alex

      November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am


      This is so great… thanks for the A grade

      Reply

    180. sania

      November 2, 2015 at 1:11 pm


      really..its very helpful
      im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous impact..in my result

      Reply

    181. nur amira

      October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm


      thanks it was indeed helpful

      Reply

    182. yoursif

      October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm


      nice

      Reply

    183. Tom Howell

      October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm


      *Gasp* As someone who has studied and takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of clichés will not aid you in your academic pursuits. This is a categorical list of English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course.
      Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in moderation. If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the use of language in literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to essay success.

      Reply

      • Jeff B.

        December 7, 2015 at 8:24 am


        > Tom, I must agree. In my English class such clichés as listed here would be highlighted and returned to the student with an admonition to “please use your own words,” or something to that effect.
        As I like to joke, “Clichés should be avoided like the plague.”

        Reply

    184. steven O’Donnell

      October 19, 2015 at 10:49 am


      I would have also included “in fact”

      Reply

    185. Missy

      October 18, 2015 at 3:29 pm


      Really helpful ……………. Thank you guys

      Reply

    186. Ayushi

      October 15, 2015 at 3:41 pm


      Thanks!! Really a very useful list!

      Reply

    187. Lilow W.

      October 14, 2015 at 3:09 am


      This article was wonderful. Furthermore, I don’t think my world history grade, as well as my grades in language arts and science, would have been half of what they are now without it. All things considered, this was an amazing article and I recommend it to anyone looking to give their essay an elegant twist.

      Reply

    188. faiz

      October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am


      This was useful for me.

      Reply

    189. Joe

      October 6, 2015 at 10:59 pm


      Thanks for the list. I think it would also be helpful to include a list of words to help express the thoughts of the writers being referenced in the essay, for example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the learning abilities of all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of ESL learners”. It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…”

      Reply

      • Moe Green

        December 18, 2017 at 2:19 pm


        I agree, do you have any words that could help me, would be really appreciated! THANKS IN ADVANVCE

        Reply

    190. Joanna

      October 4, 2015 at 4:47 pm


      This is helpful! Thanks for sharing!

      Reply

    191. haripriya

      September 23, 2015 at 1:04 am


      Thanks a lot! It was very helpful for my term end English examination!

      Reply

    192. David

      September 21, 2015 at 2:45 pm


      Great, thanks.

      Reply

    193. josphat lowoi

      September 16, 2015 at 8:04 am


      Good work..I greatly appreciate.

      Reply

    194. Sarah

      September 10, 2015 at 3:31 am


      what a great help in teaching children in writing essay……
      Thanks a lot

      Reply

    195. Anonymous

      September 2, 2015 at 3:37 pm


      Thank you for providing me with these phrases! They will certainly help me with my English paper.

      Reply

    196. aron

      August 30, 2015 at 4:26 pm


      Very useful

      Reply

      • Matorankle

        April 23, 2017 at 9:49 am


        > hooley doley

        Reply

      • ddstjrsg

        October 16, 2017 at 8:38 pm


        > no

        Reply

    197. maimunahm

      July 3, 2015 at 10:34 pm


      I am writing my thesis and it really helps me with it, thanks a lot.

      Reply

    198. Tim

      July 2, 2015 at 6:38 pm


      You did a wonderful job. Keep it up
      Tim – Saudi Arabia

      Reply

    199. Ali Zorab

      June 21, 2015 at 11:52 am


      Such great tips, indeed.

      Reply

    200. Suus

      June 9, 2015 at 8:40 pm


      These words will really help me doing my English writing exam well tomorrow! 🙂

      Reply

    201. Lysha

      June 7, 2015 at 7:21 am


      Great!! Thank you so much for including the tips above

      Reply

    202. william

      June 5, 2015 at 5:17 am


      Thank you very much, I’m having my O-level English in about 2 hours now and you really helped me. I’m sure i can score an A now 😀

      Reply

    203. phertauwete

      June 2, 2015 at 1:48 am


      Thanks so much, I got it.

      Reply

    204. Mike

      May 26, 2015 at 2:39 pm


      These are reach-me-downs and the ideas you express are poorly connected. For example, ‘As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” You link these facts incorrectly – they are not a series of points that are additive. They are causally related, i.e. one is a consequence of the other. I believe this is better, both logically and stylistically:
      ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the importance of improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’

      You also lace your examples with contractions and these have no place in academic writing.

      Reply

      • Helena

        September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am


        uhhh…

        Reply

      • Dr. Jim Loving

        March 23, 2017 at 5:33 pm


        > You are correct. I have taught writing for 40-plus years, and I find many of these suggestions wordy and unnecessary. For instance, “In order to” can simply to be “To.”

        Reply

        • Henri

          April 20, 2018 at 3:37 am


          yes it might be unnecessary but “in order to” is 3 words and “to” is only 1 word
          Keep that in mind

          Reply

      • NISHANT

        December 20, 2017 at 4:32 am


        Thank you so much. Exactly what I was looking for.

        Reply

    205. gimhan savinda

      May 25, 2015 at 8:56 am


      This was great, thanks a lot for these meaningful words. Hopefully I can face my exam in good perfect manner. Thanks a lot for the assistant support.

      Reply

      • Ikoo

        December 27, 2015 at 10:55 am


        I need more information about black’s writing .also,his romantic way in nature . Please could you help me ?

        Reply

    206. juules

      May 19, 2015 at 4:50 pm


      ostensibly appears? tautologies seem to be a thing in the english language

      Reply

    207. Aleena

      May 16, 2015 at 5:31 am


      These words are quite knowledgeable to me because when I was writing an essay my phrases are so absurd to put it another way these words make my essay beautiful. Thank you for providing such words.

      Reply

    208. Oxford Student

      May 8, 2015 at 8:51 pm


      Thank you, for your excellent choice of words oxford is very hard on you as it is one of the top schools so I appreciate these words.

      Reply

    209. Danny

      May 6, 2015 at 3:08 pm


      Thank you for your help. My essay will be great!

      Reply

    210. Dan

      May 4, 2015 at 1:47 pm


      Thanks so much, this is really going to help my essay. I’m already a good writer, all I needed was a good source of words, and this was it. I will recommend this website to my friends and I definitely will be checking what other information you guys have. Thanks!

      Reply

    211. Rihards

      May 3, 2015 at 10:44 pm


      Thanks!
      Wouldn’t do as great without this!

      Reply

    212. Loli

      March 31, 2015 at 11:04 pm


      it is wonderful, you’ve helped so much!!!!!!!!

      Reply

    213. Abhijeet

      March 28, 2015 at 6:06 am


      Perhaps “In the wake of” would have been feasible to be included

      Reply

    214. Ayanika Arora

      February 26, 2015 at 9:08 am


      Thankyou……………….was really useful.

      Reply

    215. Lucienne

      February 13, 2015 at 10:53 am


      Thank you so much, really useful!

      Reply

      • Dhanushreddy

        October 5, 2015 at 12:40 pm


        > very useful for students

        Reply

    216. Ram

      February 8, 2015 at 8:12 am


      Thank you very much.
      Useful for my revision.
      Keep in touch!

      Reply

    217. Tanya

      February 5, 2015 at 12:36 pm


      Thanks.Very useful.

      Reply

    218. Amila

      January 13, 2015 at 2:55 am


      Wonderful. Thank you so much. Keep in touch

      Reply

    219. Jimmy Tan

      January 9, 2015 at 8:47 am


      Good tips.

      Reply

      • AN INDIAN

        January 23, 2016 at 1:13 am


        It is very useful for junior as well as to senior.It is awesome………………
        thanks for this

        Reply

        • Mofasa

          November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am


          > oke

          Reply

          • ddstjrsg

            October 16, 2017 at 8:39 pm


            > no

            Reply

            • Rayan

              October 27, 2017 at 1:54 pm


              > yeah

            • diamond

              January 29, 2018 at 9:04 pm


              okay

        • Vaibhavi

          March 10, 2017 at 3:30 pm


          >true tho?

          Reply

        • felix

          May 4, 2017 at 3:54 pm


          > thats me

          Reply

          • arjun

            September 17, 2017 at 8:02 am


            > is that you

            Reply

        • king kasten

          October 19, 2017 at 8:01 am


          > no problem

          Reply

      • ron

        April 29, 2016 at 1:13 pm


        > very helpful

        Reply

      • RedKeyMon

        September 1, 2016 at 1:18 am


        Ty bruv! It’s really useful!

        Reply

        • Ranch Dressing

          November 26, 2016 at 12:00 pm


          >This the real RedKeyMon?

          Reply

        • inosh

          May 26, 2017 at 2:28 pm


          Realy helpful
          >

          Reply

          • Potato man

            April 18, 2018 at 12:10 am


            Really*

            Reply

      • winter the savage

        September 7, 2016 at 12:04 am


        > yeh these words are lit

        Reply

        • Wormtail

          January 22, 2018 at 9:19 pm


          Rofl

          Reply

        • jay

          January 25, 2018 at 12:25 am


          yeh tru tho xD

          Reply

      • Freya

        October 15, 2016 at 6:19 pm


        Thanks!! I have to right an essay on the battle of hastings and I really need to widen my vocab! It really helped>

        Reply

        • Moccha

          May 7, 2018 at 8:28 am


          write*

          Reply

      • rose

        December 12, 2016 at 1:13 pm


        > great thanks,now i know how to use big words in an argumentative essay.

        Reply

      • nikie

        April 18, 2017 at 4:55 pm


        > very very useful!

        Reply

      • Anthony

        May 26, 2017 at 9:13 am


        > Thanks for the article!

        Reply

      • leon lohmann

        October 19, 2017 at 8:02 am


        > no, thats false

        Reply

      • leon lohmann

        October 19, 2017 at 8:27 am


        > DAs ist alles schwachsinn

        Reply

        • THEANAMEX

          February 6, 2018 at 1:57 pm


          Da

          Reply

      • Wan Smith

        November 22, 2017 at 11:20 am


        > It is a good attempt to write about the important components and structure the essay or article to perform with the better assignments and build a concrete competent writing.

        Reply

      • Oxford

        January 10, 2018 at 1:35 pm


        Good

        Reply


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    Articles

    40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays



    |

    267 comments


    To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them. It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in English.

    General explaining

    Let’s start by looking at language for general explanations of complex points.

    1. In order to

    Usage: “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument.

    Example: “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.”

    2. In other words

    Usage: Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point.

    Example: “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.”

    3. To put it another way

    Usage: This phrase is another way of saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of its significance.

    Example: “Plants rely on photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.”

    4. That is to say

    Usage: “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise.

    Example: “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.”

    5. To that end

    Usage: Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”.

    Example: “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.”

     

    Graphs and phone.

     

    Adding additional information to support a point

    Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this.

    6. Moreover

    Usage: Employ “moreover” at the start of a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making.

    Example: “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…”

    7. Furthermore

    Usage:This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information.

    Example: “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…”

    8. What’s more

    Usage: This is used in the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”.

    Example: “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.”

    9. Likewise

    Usage: Use “likewise” when you want to talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned.

    Example: “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of view.”

    10. Similarly

    Usage: Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”.

    Example: “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.”

    11. Another key thing to remember

    Usage: Use the phrase “another key point to remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”.

    Example: “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.”

    12. As well as

    Usage: Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”.

    Example: “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.”

    13. Not only… but also

    Usage: This wording is used to add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information.

    Example: “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.”

    14. Coupled with

    Usage: Used when considering two or more arguments at a time.

    Example: “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…”

    15. Firstly, secondly, thirdly…

    Usage: This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other.

    Example: “There are many points in support of this view. Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z.

    16. Not to mention/to say nothing of

    Usage: “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis.

    Example: “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.”

    Fountain pen and flower.

     

    Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast

    When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting.

    17. However

    Usage: Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said.

    Example: “Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.”

    18. On the other hand

    Usage: Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion.

    Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.”

    19. Having said that

    Usage: Used in a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”.

    Example: “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.”

    20. By contrast/in comparison

    Usage: Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of evidence.

    Example: “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.”

    21. Then again

    Usage: Use this to cast doubt on an assertion.

    Example: “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.”

    22. That said

    Usage: This is used in the same way as “then again”.

    Example: “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.”

    23. Yet

    Usage: Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea.

    Example: “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.”

    Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations

    Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so.

    24. Despite this

    Usage: Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence.

    Example: “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.”

    25. With this in mind

    Usage: Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else.

    Example: “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the results compare.”

    26. Provided that

    Usage: This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the same thing.

    Example: “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.”

    27. In view of/in light of

    Usage: These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else.

    Example: “In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…”

    28. Nonetheless

    Usage: This is similar to “despite this”.

    Example: “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.”

    29. Nevertheless

    Usage: This is the same as “nonetheless”.

    Example: “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.”

    30. Notwithstanding

    Usage: This is another way of saying “nonetheless”.

    Example: “Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.”

     

     

    Giving examples

    Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing.

    31. For instance

    Example: “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…”

    32. To give an illustration

    Example: “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of…”

     

    Fountain Pen.

     

    Signifying importance

    When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such.

    33. Significantly

    Usage: Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent.

    Example: “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.”

    34. Notably

    Usage: This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the first of these ways of using it).

    Example: “Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.”

    35. Importantly

    Usage: Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”.

    Example: “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.”

     

    Summarising

    You’ve almost made it to the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Here are some words and phrases to help you.

    36. In conclusion

    Usage: Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in a broad overview.

    Example: “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.”

    37. Above all

    Usage: Used to signify what you believe to be the most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay.

    Example: “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…”

    38. Persuasive

    Usage: This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing.

    Example: “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.”

    39. Compelling

    Usage: Use in the same way as “persuasive” above.

    Example: “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.”

    40. All things considered

    Usage: This means “taking everything into account”. Example: “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…”

     

    How many of these words and phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from our list? Let us know in the comments below!

     

     

    Image credits: banner ; woman writing I ; pen and notebook ; pen and flower ; woman writing II ; notebook ; pen .

    Comments (267)

    1. dSkill

      April 29, 2018 at 5:45 pm


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      btw i’m German ^^
      KEEP IT UP!!

      Reply

    2. Mussie

      April 28, 2018 at 5:48 am


      It was helpful to urge someone on who hesitates between writing and keep his hands off the paper.

      Reply

    3. Shazab

      April 25, 2018 at 2:12 pm


      Great

      Reply

    4. Exclusive Papers

      April 25, 2018 at 10:25 am


      Thanks for an outstanding article! Using these phases helps to improve essay writing skills significantly! I’ve added this post to bookmarks 🙂

      Reply

    5. M.Arshad

      April 18, 2018 at 7:36 pm


      Oxford providing quality education since long thanks Oxford

      Reply

    6. Lyla

      April 2, 2018 at 3:00 pm


      Am, it’s also useful phrase to summarising : Taking everything into account, 🙂

      Reply

    7. Ummie ammira

      March 10, 2018 at 10:55 am


      This is good to improve my skills on writing essay for my exam And SPM

      Reply

    8. Ibrahim Adnan

      March 6, 2018 at 12:40 pm


      Quite helpful. Is this list also useful in O levels?

      Reply

    9. Santoshini kar

      February 26, 2018 at 2:28 am


      Nice….. good job …a set of good words that mainly a junior required…for an essay….?

      Reply

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      February 22, 2018 at 2:49 pm


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      Reply

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      February 21, 2018 at 5:00 pm


      Thanks c:

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      February 3, 2018 at 8:40 am


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      Reply

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      January 8, 2018 at 2:45 pm


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      December 12, 2017 at 9:41 pm


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      December 11, 2017 at 11:29 pm


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    17. James Higgins

      December 5, 2017 at 1:14 pm


      Wow, super useful thank you

      Reply

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      December 4, 2017 at 7:56 pm


      really helpfull, thanks!!

      Reply

    19. sunil

      December 3, 2017 at 4:25 pm


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      Reply

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      November 28, 2017 at 1:40 pm


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    21. Jared

      November 14, 2017 at 9:46 pm


      Transition words before a comma are totally unnecessary. Never use firstly, secondly, lastly, etc. Anyone reading your essay should know how to count. Certain exceptions do apply as they use more mature language, but basic phrases like “in conclusion” seem childish. We know what a conclusion looks like, you don’t need to tell me where it starts as long as it summarizes what I’ve already read.

      Reply

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      November 14, 2017 at 2:54 pm


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      Reply

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      October 20, 2017 at 5:27 pm


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      Reply

    27. Natalie

      October 16, 2017 at 4:24 pm


      These will help me get my English degree..thanks!! ♡

      Reply

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      October 7, 2017 at 12:11 am


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      September 29, 2017 at 7:56 pm


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      August 31, 2017 at 1:21 pm


      Not to mention that my favourite words to use in academic writing are thus and hence! 😀

      Reply

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      August 19, 2017 at 2:02 am


      they are there. but we won’t use them frequently. that’s the problem

      Reply

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      August 8, 2017 at 4:01 am


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      July 24, 2017 at 11:48 am


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    42. Praveen ravindran

      July 18, 2017 at 7:10 am


      Thank you!! this words wil defintly help me on essay once again thanks to you. please try this words on essay turst me!

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      July 12, 2017 at 10:43 pm


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      Reply

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      June 25, 2017 at 12:57 pm


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      Reply

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      June 16, 2017 at 3:15 pm


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      June 15, 2017 at 5:59 am


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      Reply

    47. Daniel John Seni

      June 14, 2017 at 5:20 am


      This article is very important and useful! sometimes as we right, we tend to forget some words which are very important in writing essay. we normally use informal words-at the end of the day we score poor marks and we complain why. Thanks for the one who prepared.

      Reply

    48. mariah

      June 12, 2017 at 4:31 pm


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      Reply

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      June 12, 2017 at 1:38 pm


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      June 10, 2017 at 7:20 pm


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      June 9, 2017 at 7:52 pm


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      June 4, 2017 at 3:01 pm


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      May 14, 2017 at 4:55 am


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      May 14, 2017 at 4:52 am


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      Reply

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      May 11, 2017 at 9:22 pm


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      February 25, 2017 at 3:52 am


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      February 25, 2017 at 3:51 am


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      February 4, 2017 at 12:52 am


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      January 30, 2017 at 4:50 pm


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      Reply

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      January 22, 2017 at 12:25 pm


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      January 15, 2017 at 7:58 am


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      January 5, 2017 at 4:19 pm


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    88. Sayu

      January 3, 2017 at 12:40 am


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      Reply

    89. fatma

      December 21, 2016 at 8:04 pm


      wow!! these words are great . Thank you so much for such a help ; you’ve really helped me. Another point to remember :p is that my essay is thirsty to such words . ^^ thanks

      Reply

    90. shoneymol shaju

      December 18, 2016 at 10:18 am


      This is really helpful to all and puts new updates for everyone’s knowledge. I could know more than before and I am approaching IELTS exam so it will be helpful for me in writing.

      Reply

    91. falahi

      December 17, 2016 at 10:27 am


      Thanks to your efforts. It’s great!

      Reply

    92. Ameer

      December 14, 2016 at 5:32 pm


      Much obliged and honoured to come across such a rhetorical and journalistic piece of writing.

      Reply

      • fatma

        December 21, 2016 at 8:08 pm


        > yes you’re right man. Can we be friends to exchange our essays if you want to !?

        Reply

    93. Erkin

      December 12, 2016 at 4:40 pm


      “To sum up” is also a good one for the finishing paragraph. And it is not commonly used.

      Reply

    94. Succ

      December 12, 2016 at 12:11 pm


      Just kidding, it was really helpful need linking words and good phrases like this makes essay better and advanced

      Reply

    95. Eden

      December 9, 2016 at 1:53 am


      I wish you would make it a book. This is a life saver to non native speakers.

      Reply

    96. Nick

      December 3, 2016 at 3:56 pm


      All of these phrases helped a lot to write an assay. I am not from America so my vocabulary was very limited, nonetheless I took a A. Thank you very much for your help and pls let me know if you have any books that are going to help to write an assay. Have a wonderful day!!!

      Reply

    97. Vrunda

      December 2, 2016 at 1:06 pm


      Thank you so much for such a significant piece of knowledge. Please keep writing such useful posts.

      Reply

    98. Lia

      December 1, 2016 at 4:33 pm


      I am so glad, that some people write down these really helpful words. My essay will sound great 😉
      Thank you so much 🙂

      Reply

    99. Lia

      December 1, 2016 at 4:31 pm


      Thx 🙂

      Reply

    100. Brenda McDermott

      November 8, 2016 at 7:07 pm


      LOVE YOU ALL, THANKS FOR ALL THIS HELP, IT’S INVALUABLE FOR ACADEMIC ESSAY WRITING SKILLS

      Reply

    101. Leah okoth

      November 8, 2016 at 11:51 am


      Thank you so much. You have made it sink into my head. I believe it will help me even in my presentation.

      Reply

    102. Ro Mon Lian

      November 5, 2016 at 6:13 pm


      Thank you a lot, It is massively helpful for a beginner. How can we learn more? Is there any book to purchase?

      Reply

    103. Julia Jeka

      November 1, 2016 at 2:41 pm


      Great!! They are all really helpful!!!

      Reply

    104. sylvia

      November 1, 2016 at 1:15 am


      this are very helpful, thanks bro : )

      Reply

    105. lolo

      October 30, 2016 at 1:28 am


      thank you

      Reply

    106. KittyKat300

      October 26, 2016 at 11:52 pm


      Awesome tips I got a great grade!

      Reply

    107. Carol

      October 26, 2016 at 4:52 am


      These cliche phrase will NOT help you write a top-notch essay. Do NOT use these.

      Reply

    108. Stormy

      October 26, 2016 at 4:50 am


      Are you kidding!?!
      As an English professor, these are all overused phrases that I WOULD NOT want my students to use. I teach my students how to be original rather than use cliche phrases. Ugh! Not helpful. You’re perpetuating the worst in writing.

      Reply

      • sylvia

        November 1, 2016 at 1:17 am


        majority, it helped a lot of people!!

        Reply

      • Hope

        December 21, 2016 at 8:14 pm


        > you’re the one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all 😉 Thanks .

        Reply

      • Hope

        December 21, 2016 at 8:16 pm


        > > you’re the one who’s kidding not the one who provided us with them. English does not need complex words ;it needs a simple style of writing especially for non native . And please if you see them a joke provide us with what’s beneficial. Above all ? Thanks .

        Reply

    109. Achyuth

      October 19, 2016 at 9:45 am


      Pretty useful

      Reply

    110. Tanyu Gracious

      October 4, 2016 at 5:19 am


      Amazingly great one..(^_^)
      Not only my essay but my language has also impproved.
      Thanks a lot.
      Grace~©™

      Reply

    111. moomina

      September 21, 2016 at 5:10 pm


      the best thing on internet i found so far is this article , I must say its a brilliant peace of work . hands up for the writer.

      Reply

    112. Tanmay

      September 20, 2016 at 2:30 pm


      That were fantabulous ……..
      Would like to add a few more….
      ‘ a sharp irony ‘. Meaning- a sharp contrast
      ‘ inspite of the fact that….’

      Reply

    113. Rowan

      September 17, 2016 at 2:59 pm


      I use these words all the time in my undergrad papers, yet my lecturers always complain that theses words are high school level writing. :/

      Reply

    114. kira Mayfield

      September 16, 2016 at 1:47 am


      I think that you should add exclusively

      Reply

    115. kira Mayfield

      September 16, 2016 at 1:46 am


      I believe think that you should add exclusively

      Reply

    116. joe anchany

      September 16, 2016 at 1:39 am


      the word more plausible and supplementary.

      Reply

    117. Emerjihlia

      September 15, 2016 at 4:36 am


      Wish you had more words on this, otherwise it made my essay from an F to an A+. I guess I had to do some work to though, that’s some effort!

      Reply

    118. Tinye Rae

      September 15, 2016 at 4:33 am


      My writing literately changed immensely bro. peace…

      Reply

    119. Yhandamene

      September 15, 2016 at 4:31 am


      i am not ameracan and i am a xchang student, this was good for mee.

      Reply

    120. Student

      September 15, 2016 at 4:29 am


      I think that these are amazingly helpful. You should add a few words though.

      Reply

    121. Student

      September 15, 2016 at 4:28 am


      This was SOOOO helpful, I got an A.

      Reply

    122. Mounika

      September 5, 2016 at 12:16 pm


      Very useful. Thanks a ton 🙂

      Reply

    123. Tanya Roy

      August 22, 2016 at 2:09 am


      It’s really useful for me…

      thnkiew so much..???

      Reply

    124. ananay chhetri 7

      August 19, 2016 at 5:44 pm


      It was very use full tu me … Keep in touch …. I scored 18/20 in essay n letter
      ?

      Reply

    125. Prabanya

      August 16, 2016 at 1:12 pm


      They were very simple..
      But, good.. They helped me..
      Thank you *_* !!

      Reply

    126. Widya

      August 10, 2016 at 8:41 am


      very useful, thanks a lot

      Reply

    127. ashok kumar

      July 19, 2016 at 8:01 pm


      very useful guidelines
      thank you so much.

      Reply

    128. Fernando

      July 12, 2016 at 10:06 am


      Thanks

      Reply

    129. Pius Ndeti

      July 1, 2016 at 2:16 pm


      In light of the new learning, I am not only inspired, but also enthralled.

      Reply

    130. Chris Speck

      June 28, 2016 at 4:30 pm


      Great stuff, thanks

      Reply

    131. Vivian

      June 27, 2016 at 7:18 am


      Thank you so much for the useful words to use in essay. This help me a lot.

      Reply

    132. Ranthimo

      June 25, 2016 at 2:00 pm


      It is my first encounter with these eye opening phrases. Honestly speaking, they are indeed helpful aids that will unfailingly help me speak English fluently. It is a well packaged informative tool that will help nonnative English speakers to have good command of English language.Thank you very much for your good effort.

      Reply

    133. Tuan

      June 22, 2016 at 1:49 pm


      Thank you so so muchh

      Reply

    134. Sohaib

      June 18, 2016 at 4:48 pm


      It’s really awesome. As well as helpful thanks a lot

      Reply

    135. Alan

      June 13, 2016 at 6:54 pm


      Thanks.so helpful

      Reply

    136. Wish

      June 4, 2016 at 2:04 pm


      This was very much useful to me. I pay my regards hundreds and thousands of times. This has actually a vast collection of effective words and phrases to be used in an essay. Once again thank you. ?

      Reply

    137. Kannan.P

      June 2, 2016 at 2:37 pm


      Could you please add more pharse. Thanks

      Reply

    138. irisha

      June 2, 2016 at 11:50 am


      truly very helpful…thanksss loadsss

      Reply

    139. jo sladky

      June 2, 2016 at 2:24 am


      this is so helpful, thanks

      Reply

    140. Noosh

      May 29, 2016 at 5:17 am


      i was going to use conventionally but i have already used it so i had to use significantly 😀

      Reply

    141. Georgia Kathleen

      May 26, 2016 at 11:11 pm


      This is really helpful, I’ve been looking to expand and vary the words I use during English exams. Thanks!

      Reply

    142. Inderpreet

      May 12, 2016 at 12:11 am


      thnk u for the amazing words…

      Reply

    143. Khirod Maharana

      May 11, 2016 at 9:17 pm


      I greatly appreciate & thankful…

      Reply

    144. Cheese

      May 10, 2016 at 7:57 pm


      Hello Oxford Royale community,
      Thank you for this extremely helpful guide on improving flow using phrases. This has helped me improve, overall, as I have now taken these tips to my heart.
      Thanks an awful lot,
      Cheese

      Reply

    145. angielski

      May 4, 2016 at 1:43 pm


      Very useful to have it in one place. Thanks !

      Reply

    146. SJAll

      May 4, 2016 at 3:58 am


      Nonsense.

      Quentin Crisp, upon being asked to give advice to aspiring writers replied:

      “Never read. This is very important. if you read books in order to improve your writing style, you will find yourself trying to write literature, instead of saying what you really mean. It’s very important not to get caught up trying to write better American prose. Don’t do any such thing. Just try to think, Am I saying what I mean? Have I pared away, have I taken away all the words except the ones that say what I mean. And then your writing will be fine. You have the most wonderful writers in America, really great stylists, people like Damon Runyon, and there’s no floweriness, no literary effect, in the work of Damon Runyon, he is as neat as he can possibly be. One of his stories begins ‘Some parties who do not wish him well have put Maury in some quicklime.’

      See: http://grammarpiano.blogspot.co.uk/2007/12/from-evening-with-quentin-crisp.html

      Reply

      • Dr. Jim Loving

        March 23, 2017 at 5:39 pm


        > Excellent advice. Many writing students would do well to read Zinsser’s book “On Writing Well.” He emphasizes clarity in writing, and no one does it better.

        Reply

    147. Asuna Yuuki

      May 1, 2016 at 12:07 pm


      Very useful for essay writing. Thanks a lot

      Reply

    148. Vape Naysh V/

      April 29, 2016 at 1:12 pm


      tanks m8 ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)

      Reply

    149. lyricist chaani

      April 23, 2016 at 1:29 pm


      it was really very usefull for me . so i am alluding to other students to use above lines

      Reply

    150. Juanaye goodall

      April 21, 2016 at 3:30 am


      This words are really going to help me in my graded essay tomorrow

      Reply

    151. Jiya Goyal

      April 13, 2016 at 3:20 pm


      thanks a lot…,helped me very much!!

      Reply

    152. Lekesh

      March 14, 2016 at 2:03 pm


      Thanks a lot….Helped me very much !!
      Really thanks for making this!!

      Reply

    153. ashrin

      March 7, 2016 at 11:33 am


      very helpful…………!!!!!!! 😀

      Reply

    154. Abhishek Mandge

      March 3, 2016 at 7:30 pm


      Its really useful for me

      Thank you……☺☺☺☺

      Reply

    155. shubham

      February 29, 2016 at 2:39 am


      I think this might help me to improve my essays.
      Thanks to whoever gave such great words?

      Reply

    156. Tanya Roy

      February 29, 2016 at 1:28 am


      Thñkß!!
      this phases helped me in 10th board icsc examination….. thanks a lot 😀

      Reply

    157. Divya

      February 28, 2016 at 6:04 pm


      In all probability I find this this things very helpful which would surely enhance my essay.

      Reply

    158. Unknown

      February 20, 2016 at 5:20 pm


      I think this might help me to improve my essays.
      Thanks to whoever gave such great words?

      Reply

    159. reyan

      February 17, 2016 at 2:58 pm


      Thanks it came in handy

      Reply

    160. Shruthi

      February 10, 2016 at 9:37 am


      Not useful…I want idioms and phrases please.

      Reply

      • ORA Admin

        February 12, 2016 at 9:45 am


        Dear Shruthi,

        Thank you for your comment. It is worth bearing in mind that examiners often consider idioms risky, as when over-used (or mis-used) they can place a candidate at a disadvantage. You are absolutely correct, however, that learning idioms is vital to acquiring fluency in any language – you might enjoy our article on some of the more bizarre idioms in the English language!

        Best of luck in your studies,

        The ORA Team

        Reply

    161. hanna

      February 5, 2016 at 6:26 am


      AMAZING!!!VERY USEFUL!!!
      THANK YOU SO MUCH

      Reply

    162. James

      February 4, 2016 at 3:54 pm


      Wow, this is really something valuable to me! I will have to jolt down all this and use them in my academic writing tmr.

      Reply

    163. Jass

      January 31, 2016 at 4:08 am


      Yes, it really works in my essay writing. Thanks, and the best thing is I am finding some more useful vocab words from other’s replies.:)

      Reply

      • Mofasa

        November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am


        > Oke i kno now veri muchh

        Reply

    164. Alex Joseph

      January 31, 2016 at 3:24 am


      THANK YOU so much!!

      Reply

    165. yahya

      January 28, 2016 at 12:52 pm


      it is very helpful idea because i have exam thxn

      Reply

    166. daddyshrekked

      January 19, 2016 at 8:34 pm


      Fantastic, wouldn’t do that well without it.

      Reply

    167. BOB

      January 19, 2016 at 8:33 pm


      really good, I loved it!
      Would really help in my test.

      Reply

    168. panthe veroski

      January 4, 2016 at 2:41 pm


      Thank you, it’s so useful!

      Reply

    169. cp8

      December 10, 2015 at 1:51 pm


      This is easily the go-to site when I write essays. Thank you!

      Reply

      • abdo raheem

        August 5, 2017 at 10:48 pm


        Thank a lot!

        Reply

    170. khalid Benameur

      December 9, 2015 at 8:48 pm


      really these are benificial words to use and Iam going to use them

      Reply

    171. Ahsan

      December 9, 2015 at 12:42 pm


      Really great info.
      I will use these words in content of my site in order to get best rankings.

      Reply

    172. pavla

      December 7, 2015 at 8:25 pm


      put (or set) the record straight
      essentially
      all in all

      Reply

    173. Jeff B.

      December 7, 2015 at 8:03 am


      Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.”
      Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in many if not most cases it should be avoided.

      Reply

      • Jeff B.

        December 7, 2015 at 10:43 am


        > * Assuming, of course, that my “comment above” is actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense…

        Reply

        • Daniel

          March 9, 2018 at 5:42 am


          Don’t worry, it was successfully posted

          Reply

    174. Jeff B.

      December 7, 2015 at 7:58 am


      While some of the suggestions in this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of clichés. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and “Another key thing to remember”) are clichés, and should be avoided in original writing.
      Another note: this article recommends the use of “In conclusion” to introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at Harvard University:
      “Avoid phrases like ‘in conclusion,’ ‘to conclude,’ ‘in
      summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be
      useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. But
      readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the
      pages, when an essay is about to end. You’ll irritate
      your audience if you belabor the obvious.”
      (Source: http://writingcenter.fas.harvard.edu/pages/ending-essay-conclusions )
      If your readers cannot figure out that from reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to it.

      Reply

    175. Joey

      November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am


      I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points… does anyone else feel the same?

      Reply

    176. courage

      November 26, 2015 at 5:29 pm


      thanks very much.very useful we look forward for other posts.

      Reply

    177. Yo

      November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm


      Good

      Reply

    178. Chala

      November 16, 2015 at 1:22 pm


      Thanks a lot for this helpful article. One question though:

      The example given for phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in a series of two items?

      Reply

      • Daniel

        March 9, 2018 at 4:24 am


        Yeah, i think it is

        Reply

    179. Alex

      November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am


      This is so great… thanks for the A grade

      Reply

    180. sania

      November 2, 2015 at 1:11 pm


      really..its very helpful
      im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous impact..in my result

      Reply

    181. nur amira

      October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm


      thanks it was indeed helpful

      Reply

    182. yoursif

      October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm


      nice

      Reply

    183. Tom Howell

      October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm


      *Gasp* As someone who has studied and takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of clichés will not aid you in your academic pursuits. This is a categorical list of English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course.
      Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in moderation. If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the use of language in literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to essay success.

      Reply

      • Jeff B.

        December 7, 2015 at 8:24 am


        > Tom, I must agree. In my English class such clichés as listed here would be highlighted and returned to the student with an admonition to “please use your own words,” or something to that effect.
        As I like to joke, “Clichés should be avoided like the plague.”

        Reply

    184. steven O’Donnell

      October 19, 2015 at 10:49 am


      I would have also included “in fact”

      Reply

    185. Missy

      October 18, 2015 at 3:29 pm


      Really helpful ……………. Thank you guys

      Reply

    186. Ayushi

      October 15, 2015 at 3:41 pm


      Thanks!! Really a very useful list!

      Reply

    187. Lilow W.

      October 14, 2015 at 3:09 am


      This article was wonderful. Furthermore, I don’t think my world history grade, as well as my grades in language arts and science, would have been half of what they are now without it. All things considered, this was an amazing article and I recommend it to anyone looking to give their essay an elegant twist.

      Reply

    188. faiz

      October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am


      This was useful for me.

      Reply

    189. Joe

      October 6, 2015 at 10:59 pm


      Thanks for the list. I think it would also be helpful to include a list of words to help express the thoughts of the writers being referenced in the essay, for example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the learning abilities of all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of ESL learners”. It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…”

      Reply

      • Moe Green

        December 18, 2017 at 2:19 pm


        I agree, do you have any words that could help me, would be really appreciated! THANKS IN ADVANVCE

        Reply

    190. Joanna

      October 4, 2015 at 4:47 pm


      This is helpful! Thanks for sharing!

      Reply

    191. haripriya

      September 23, 2015 at 1:04 am


      Thanks a lot! It was very helpful for my term end English examination!

      Reply

    192. David

      September 21, 2015 at 2:45 pm


      Great, thanks.

      Reply

    193. josphat lowoi

      September 16, 2015 at 8:04 am


      Good work..I greatly appreciate.

      Reply

    194. Sarah

      September 10, 2015 at 3:31 am


      what a great help in teaching children in writing essay……
      Thanks a lot

      Reply

    195. Anonymous

      September 2, 2015 at 3:37 pm


      Thank you for providing me with these phrases! They will certainly help me with my English paper.

      Reply

    196. aron

      August 30, 2015 at 4:26 pm


      Very useful

      Reply

      • Matorankle

        April 23, 2017 at 9:49 am


        > hooley doley

        Reply

      • ddstjrsg

        October 16, 2017 at 8:38 pm


        > no

        Reply

    197. maimunahm

      July 3, 2015 at 10:34 pm


      I am writing my thesis and it really helps me with it, thanks a lot.

      Reply

    198. Tim

      July 2, 2015 at 6:38 pm


      You did a wonderful job. Keep it up
      Tim – Saudi Arabia

      Reply

    199. Ali Zorab

      June 21, 2015 at 11:52 am


      Such great tips, indeed.

      Reply

    200. Suus

      June 9, 2015 at 8:40 pm


      These words will really help me doing my English writing exam well tomorrow! 🙂

      Reply

    201. Lysha

      June 7, 2015 at 7:21 am


      Great!! Thank you so much for including the tips above

      Reply

    202. william

      June 5, 2015 at 5:17 am


      Thank you very much, I’m having my O-level English in about 2 hours now and you really helped me. I’m sure i can score an A now 😀

      Reply

    203. phertauwete

      June 2, 2015 at 1:48 am


      Thanks so much, I got it.

      Reply

    204. Mike

      May 26, 2015 at 2:39 pm


      These are reach-me-downs and the ideas you express are poorly connected. For example, ‘As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” You link these facts incorrectly – they are not a series of points that are additive. They are causally related, i.e. one is a consequence of the other. I believe this is better, both logically and stylistically:
      ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the importance of improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’

      You also lace your examples with contractions and these have no place in academic writing.

      Reply

      • Helena

        September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am


        uhhh…

        Reply

      • Dr. Jim Loving

        March 23, 2017 at 5:33 pm


        > You are correct. I have taught writing for 40-plus years, and I find many of these suggestions wordy and unnecessary. For instance, “In order to” can simply to be “To.”

        Reply

        • Henri

          April 20, 2018 at 3:37 am


          yes it might be unnecessary but “in order to” is 3 words and “to” is only 1 word
          Keep that in mind

          Reply

      • NISHANT

        December 20, 2017 at 4:32 am


        Thank you so much. Exactly what I was looking for.

        Reply

    205. gimhan savinda

      May 25, 2015 at 8:56 am


      This was great, thanks a lot for these meaningful words. Hopefully I can face my exam in good perfect manner. Thanks a lot for the assistant support.

      Reply

      • Ikoo

        December 27, 2015 at 10:55 am


        I need more information about black’s writing .also,his romantic way in nature . Please could you help me ?

        Reply

    206. juules

      May 19, 2015 at 4:50 pm


      ostensibly appears? tautologies seem to be a thing in the english language

      Reply

    207. Aleena

      May 16, 2015 at 5:31 am


      These words are quite knowledgeable to me because when I was writing an essay my phrases are so absurd to put it another way these words make my essay beautiful. Thank you for providing such words.

      Reply

    208. Oxford Student

      May 8, 2015 at 8:51 pm


      Thank you, for your excellent choice of words oxford is very hard on you as it is one of the top schools so I appreciate these words.

      Reply

    209. Danny

      May 6, 2015 at 3:08 pm


      Thank you for your help. My essay will be great!

      Reply

    210. Dan

      May 4, 2015 at 1:47 pm


      Thanks so much, this is really going to help my essay. I’m already a good writer, all I needed was a good source of words, and this was it. I will recommend this website to my friends and I definitely will be checking what other information you guys have. Thanks!

      Reply

    211. Rihards

      May 3, 2015 at 10:44 pm


      Thanks!
      Wouldn’t do as great without this!

      Reply

    212. Loli

      March 31, 2015 at 11:04 pm


      it is wonderful, you’ve helped so much!!!!!!!!

      Reply

    213. Abhijeet

      March 28, 2015 at 6:06 am


      Perhaps “In the wake of” would have been feasible to be included

      Reply

    214. Ayanika Arora

      February 26, 2015 at 9:08 am


      Thankyou……………….was really useful.

      Reply

    215. Lucienne

      February 13, 2015 at 10:53 am


      Thank you so much, really useful!

      Reply

      • Dhanushreddy

        October 5, 2015 at 12:40 pm


        > very useful for students

        Reply

    216. Ram

      February 8, 2015 at 8:12 am


      Thank you very much.
      Useful for my revision.
      Keep in touch!

      Reply

    217. Tanya

      February 5, 2015 at 12:36 pm


      Thanks.Very useful.

      Reply

    218. Amila

      January 13, 2015 at 2:55 am


      Wonderful. Thank you so much. Keep in touch

      Reply

    219. Jimmy Tan

      January 9, 2015 at 8:47 am


      Good tips.

      Reply

      • AN INDIAN

        January 23, 2016 at 1:13 am


        It is very useful for junior as well as to senior.It is awesome………………
        thanks for this

        Reply

        • Mofasa

          November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am


          > oke

          Reply

          • ddstjrsg

            October 16, 2017 at 8:39 pm


            > no

            Reply

            • Rayan

              October 27, 2017 at 1:54 pm


              > yeah

            • diamond

              January 29, 2018 at 9:04 pm


              okay

        • Vaibhavi

          March 10, 2017 at 3:30 pm


          >true tho?

          Reply

        • felix

          May 4, 2017 at 3:54 pm


          > thats me

          Reply

          • arjun

            September 17, 2017 at 8:02 am


            > is that you

            Reply

        • king kasten

          October 19, 2017 at 8:01 am


          > no problem

          Reply

      • ron

        April 29, 2016 at 1:13 pm


        > very helpful

        Reply

      • RedKeyMon

        September 1, 2016 at 1:18 am


        Ty bruv! It’s really useful!

        Reply

        • Ranch Dressing

          November 26, 2016 at 12:00 pm


          >This the real RedKeyMon?

          Reply

        • inosh

          May 26, 2017 at 2:28 pm


          Realy helpful
          >

          Reply

          • Potato man

            April 18, 2018 at 12:10 am


            Really*

            Reply

      • winter the savage

        September 7, 2016 at 12:04 am


        > yeh these words are lit

        Reply

        • Wormtail

          January 22, 2018 at 9:19 pm


          Rofl

          Reply

        • jay

          January 25, 2018 at 12:25 am


          yeh tru tho xD

          Reply

      • Freya

        October 15, 2016 at 6:19 pm


        Thanks!! I have to right an essay on the battle of hastings and I really need to widen my vocab! It really helped>

        Reply

        • Moccha

          May 7, 2018 at 8:28 am


          write*

          Reply

      • rose

        December 12, 2016 at 1:13 pm


        > great thanks,now i know how to use big words in an argumentative essay.

        Reply

      • nikie

        April 18, 2017 at 4:55 pm


        > very very useful!

        Reply

      • Anthony

        May 26, 2017 at 9:13 am


        > Thanks for the article!

        Reply

      • leon lohmann

        October 19, 2017 at 8:02 am


        > no, thats false

        Reply

      • leon lohmann

        October 19, 2017 at 8:27 am


        > DAs ist alles schwachsinn

        Reply

        • THEANAMEX

          February 6, 2018 at 1:57 pm


          Da

          Reply

      • Wan Smith

        November 22, 2017 at 11:20 am


        > It is a good attempt to write about the important components and structure the essay or article to perform with the better assignments and build a concrete competent writing.

        Reply

      • Oxford

        January 10, 2018 at 1:35 pm


        Good

        Reply


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